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Clinical features and management of facial nerve paralysis in children: analysis of 24 cases

  • H E Cha (a1), M K Baek (a1), J H Yoon (a1), B K Yoon (a1), M J Kim (a1) and J H Lee (a1)...

Abstract

Objectives:

To evaluate the causes, treatment modalities and recovery rate of paediatric facial nerve paralysis.

Materials and methods:

We analysed 24 cases of paediatric facial nerve paralysis diagnosed in the otolaryngology department of Gachon University Gil Medical Center between January 2001 and June 2006.

Results:

The most common cause was idiopathic palsy (16 cases, 66.7 per cent). The most common degree of facial nerve paralysis on first presentation was House–Brackmann grade IV (15 of 24 cases). All cases were treated with steroids. One of the 24 cases was also treated surgically with facial nerve decompression. Twenty-two cases (91.6 per cent) recovered to House–Brackmann grade I or II over the six-month follow-up period.

Conclusion:

Facial nerve paralysis in children can generally be successfully treated with conservative measures. However, in cases associated with trauma, radiological investigation is required for further evaluation and treatment.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Address for correspondence: Ju Hyoung Lee, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Gil Medical Center, Gachon University, 1198, Guwol 1(il)-dong, Namdong-gu, Incheon 405-760, Republic of Korea. E-mail: febent@gilhospital.com

References

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Keywords

Clinical features and management of facial nerve paralysis in children: analysis of 24 cases

  • H E Cha (a1), M K Baek (a1), J H Yoon (a1), B K Yoon (a1), M J Kim (a1) and J H Lee (a1)...

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