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Prevalence and intensity of infections in the lymnaeid snail Omphiscola glabra experimentally infected with Fasciola hepatica, Fascioloides magna and Paramphistomum daubneyi

  • G. Dreyfuss (a1), A. Novobilský (a2), P. Vignoles (a1), V. Bellet (a1), B. Koudela (a2) (a3) and D. Rondelaud (a1)...

Abstract

Single and double infections of juvenile Omphiscola glabra (Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae) with Paramphistomum daubneyi and/or Fasciola hepatica were carried out to determine the redial burden and cercarial production in snails dissected at day 60 or at day 75 post-exposure (p.e.) in the laboratory at 20°C. The results were compared with those obtained with single-miracidium infections by Fascioloides magna. Compared to F. hepatica, low values were noted at day 75 p.e. for the prevalence of snail infections with P. daubneyi (4.6–8.3% instead of 23.6–25.9%), the total number of free rediae (10.7–17.9 per snail instead of 26.3–34.7), and that of free cercariae (112.8–136.9 per snail instead of 177.8–248.5). Despite a greater number of free rediae at day 75 p.e. (36.2–45.6 per snail), the prevalences of snail infections with F. magna and cercarial production were similar to those noted for F. hepatica. The results concerning F. hepatica and P. daubneyi might partly be explained by a progressive adaptation of O. glabra to sustain the larval development of these digeneans over the years, as this snail is a natural intermediate host of F. hepatica and P. daubneyi in central France since 1995. Compared with the high number of fully-grown rediae of F. magna in O. glabra, cercarial production seemed limited and this might be explained by the presence of high numbers of rediae which reduced the avaibility of nutrients for cercarial differentiation within the snail.

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*Author for correspondence Fax: 33-555-435893 E-mail: daniel.rondelaud@unilim.fr

References

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Prevalence and intensity of infections in the lymnaeid snail Omphiscola glabra experimentally infected with Fasciola hepatica, Fascioloides magna and Paramphistomum daubneyi

  • G. Dreyfuss (a1), A. Novobilský (a2), P. Vignoles (a1), V. Bellet (a1), B. Koudela (a2) (a3) and D. Rondelaud (a1)...

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