Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Helminth community structure of 13 species of anurans from Atlantic rainforest remnants, Brazil

  • G.M. Toledo (a1), H.O. Schwartz (a1), H.A.Q. Nomura (a1), A. Aguiar (a1), R.A.M.V. Velota (a1), R.J. da Silva (a1) and L.A. Anjos (a2)...

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the community composition and structure of the helminths found in 13 anuran species, and to evaluate whether this parasite community is determined by anuran characteristics. We found that the helminth fauna of the amphibians from five anuran families consisted of 13 taxa and that Cosmocercidae gen. sp. was the most prevalent taxon, followed by Oswaldocruzia subauricularis. Host body size was a determining factor of the composition and structure of the parasitic fauna. Helminth abundance and richness were positively correlated with host body size. The host Leptodactylus latrans had the highest helminth richness (n = 8). The frog Hypsiboas faber had the greatest helminth diversity (H′ = 0.711). The mean helminth species richness and diversity differed significantly between host species (P < 0.05). Taken together, our data indicate that, in sympatric species of amphibians, the morphological and behavioural characteristics of the hosts are important for structuring the helminth parasite communities.

Copyright

Corresponding author

References

Hide All
Aho, J.M. (1990) Helminthes communities of amphibians and reptiles: comparative approaches to understanding patterns and process. pp. 157196 in Esch, G.W., Bush, A.O. & Aho, J.M. (Eds) Parasite communities: patterns and process. London, Chapman & Hall.
Anderson, R.C. (2000) Nematode parasites of vertebrates: Their development and transmission. 2nd edn. 650 pp. New York, CABI Publishing.
Anjos, L.A. (2011) Herpetoparasitology in Brazil: what we know about endoparasites, how much we still do not know. Neotropical Helminthology 5, 107111.
Ayres, M., Ayres Júnior, M., Ayres, D.L. & Santos, A.A. (2007) BIOESTAT – Aplicações estatísticas nas áreas das ciências bio-médicas. Belém, Pará, Brazil, Ong Mamiraua.
Barton, D.P. (1999) Ecology of helminth communities in tropical Australian amphibians. International Journal of Parasitology 29, 921926.
Bolek, M.G. & Coggins, J.R. (2000) Seasonal occurrence and community structure of helminth parasites from the Eastern American toad Bufo americanus americanus, from Southeastern Wisconsin, U.S.A. Comparative Parasitology 67, 202209.
Bolek, M.G. & Coggins, J.R. (2001) Seasonal occurrence and community structure of helminth parasites from the green frog, Rana clamitans melanota, from southeastern Wisconsin, U.S.A. Comparative Parasitology 68, 164172.
Bolek, M.G. & Coggins, J.R. (2003) Helminth community structure of sympatric Eastern American toad, Bufo americanus, Northern Leopard frog, Rana pipiens, and Blue-spotted salamander, Ambystoma laterale, from Southeastern Wisconsin. Journal of Parasitology 89, 673680.
Brooks, D.R., León-Rpgagnon, V., McLennan, D.A. & Zelmer, D. (2006) Ecological fitting as a determinant of the community structure of platyhelminth parasites of anurans. Ecology 87, S76S85.
Bush, A.O., Aho, J.M. & Kennedy, C.R. (1990) Ecological versus phylogenetic determinants of helminth parasite community richness. Evolutionary Ecology 4, 120.
Bush, A.O., Lafferty, K.D., Lotz, J.M. & Shostak, A.W. (1997) Parasitology meets ecology on its own terms: Margolis et al. revisited. Journal of Parasitology 83, 575583.
Campião, K.M., Silva, R.J. & Ferreira, V.L. (2009) Helminth parasites of Leptodactylus podicipinus (Anura: Leptodatylidae) from southeastern Pantanal, State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Journal of Helminthology 83, 345349.
Campião, K.M., Morais, D.H., Dias, O.T., Aguiar, A., Toledo, G.M., Tavares, L.E.R. & Silva, R.J. (2014) Checklist of helminth parasites of amphibians from South America. Zootaxa 3843, 193.
Duellman, W.E. & Trueb, L. (1994) Biology of amphibians. 670 pp. Baltimore, The Johns Hopkins University Press.
Frost, D.R. (2017) Amphibian species of the world: An online reference. Version 6.0. New York, American Museum of Natural History. Database available at http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.php (accessed 4 April 2017).
González, C.E. & Hamann, M.I. (2014) Schrankiana chacoensis sp. nov. (Nematoda: Atractidae) from Leptodactylus bufonius Boulenger, 1894 (Anura: Leptodactylidae) from Argentina. Journal of Natural History 48, 3549.
Hamann, M.I. & González, C.E. (2015) Helminth parasites in the toad Rhinella major (Bufonidae) from Chaco region, Argentina. Acta Herpetologica 10, 93101.
Hamann, M.I., González, C.E. & Kehr, A.I. (2006a) Helminth community structure of the oven frog Leptodactylus latinasus (Anura, Leptodactylidae) from Corrientes, Argentina. Acta Parasitologica 51, 294299.
Hamann, M.I., Kehr, A.I. & González, C.E. (2006b) Species affinity and infracommunity ordination of helminths of Leptodactylus chaquensis (Anura: Leptodactylidae) in two contrasting environments from northeastern Argentina. Journal of Parasitology 92, 11711179.
Hamann, M.I., Kehr, A.I. & González, C.E. (2012) Community structure of helminth parasites of Leptodactylus bufonius (Anura: Leptodactylidae) from northeastern Argentina. Zoological Studies 51, 14541463.
Hamann, M.I., Kehr, A.I. & González, C.E. (2013a) Biodiversidade de trematódeos associados a anfíbios de uma variedade de habitats em Corrientes, Argentina. Journal of Helminthology 87, 286300.
Hamann, M.I., Kehr, A.I. & González, C.E. (2013b) Helminth communities in the burrowing toad, Rhinella fernandezae, from northeastern Argentina. Biologia 68, 11551162.
Hamann, M.I., Kehr, A.I. & González, C.E. (2014) Helminth community structure in the Argentinean bufonid Melanophryniscus klappenbacgi: importance of habitat use and season. Parasitology Research 113, 36393649.
Iannacone, J. (2003) Helmintos parasitos de Atelopus bomolochus Peters 1973 (Anura: Bufonidae) de Piura, Peru. Gayana 67, 915.
Ibrahim, M.M. (2008) Helminth infracommunities of the maculated toad Amietophrynus regularis (Anura: Bufonidae) from Ismailia, Egypt. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 82, 1926.
IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature). (2016) The IUCN red list of threatened species. Version 2011.2. Available at http://www.iucnredlist.org (accessed 5 September 2016).
Kovach, W. (1999) MVSP – Multivariate Statistical Package (software) version 3.1. Pentraeth, Kovach Computing Services.
Krasnov, B.R., Mouillot, D., Shenbrot, G.I., Khokhlova, I.S. & Poulin, R. (2011) Beta-specificity: the turnover of host species in space and another way to measure host specificity. International Journal for Parasitology 41, 3341.
Lima, D.P. Jr., Giacomini, H.C., Takemoto, R.M., Agostinho, A.A. & Bini, L.M. (2012) Patterns of interactions of a large fish–parasite network in a tropical floodplain. Journal of Animal Ecology 81, 905913.
Luque, J.L., Martins, A.N. & Tavares, L.E.R. (2005) Community structure of metazoan parasites of the yellow Cururu toad, Bufo ictericus (Anura, Bufonidae) from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Acta Parasitology 50, 215220.
Magurran, A.E. (2004) Measuring biological diversity. 256 pp. Oxford, Blackwell Science.
McAlpine, D.F. (1997) Helminth communities in bullfrogs (Rana catesbeiana), green frogs (Rana clamitans), and leopard frogs (Rana pipiens) from New Brunswick, Canada. Canadian Journal of Zoology 75, 18831890.
Muzzall, P.M. (1991) Helminth infracommunities of the frogs Rana catesbeiana and Rana clamitans from Turkey Marsh, Michigan. Journal of Parasitology 77, 366371.
Muzzall, P.M., Gillilland, M.G., Summer, C.S. & Mehne, C.J. (2001) Helminth communities of green frogs Rana clamitans Latreille, from southwestern Michigan. Journal of Parasitology 87, 962968.
Paredes-Calderón, L., León-Regagnon, V. & Gárcia-Prieto, L. (2004) Helminth infracommunities of Rana vaillanti Brocchi (Anura: Ranidae) in Los Tuxtlas, Veracruz, Mexico. Journal of Parasitology 90, 692696.
Perez-Ponce de León, G., García-Prieto, L. & Razo-Mendivil, U. (2002) Species richness of helminth parasites in Mexican amphibians and reptiles. Diversity and Distributions 8, 211218.
Pinhão, R., Wunderlich, A.C., Anjos, L.A. & Silva, R.J. (2009) Helminths of toad Rhinella icterica (Bufonidae), from the municipality of Botucatu, São Paulo State, Brazil. Neotropical Helminthology 3, 3540.
Poulin, R. & Morand, S. (1999) Geographical distances and the similarity among parasite communities of conspecific host populations. Parasitology 119, 369374.
Poulin, R. & Morand, S. (2004) Parasite biodiversity. 216 pp. Washington, Smithsonian Institution.
Santos, V.G.T. & Amato, S.B. (2010) Helminth fauna of Rhinella fernandezae (Anura: Bufonidae) from the Rio Grande do Sul coastland, Brazil: analysis of the parasite community. Journal of Parasitology 96, 823826.
Santos, V.G.T. & Amato, S.B. (2012) Polystoma cuvieri (Monogenea, Polystomatidae) in Physalaemus cuvieri (Anura, Leiuperidae) in Southern Brazil. Neotropical Helminthology 6, 17.
Santos, V.G.T., Amato, S.B. & Borges-Martins, M. (2013) Community structure of helminth parasites of the ‘Cururu’ toad, Rhinella icterica (Anura: Bufonidae) from southern Brazil. Parasitology Research 112, 10971103.
Schaefer, E.F., Hamann, M.I., Kehr, A.I., González, C.E. & Duré, M.I. (2006) Trophic, reproductive and parasitological aspects of the ecology of Leptodactylus chaquensis (Anura: Leptodactylidae) in Argentina. Herpetological Journal 16, 387394.
Toledo, G.M., Aguiar, A., Silva, R.J. & Anjos, L.A. (2013) Helminth fauna of two species of Physalaemus (Anura: Leiuperidae) from an undisturbed fragment of the Atlantic rainforest, southeastern Brazil. Journal of Parasitology 99, 919922.
Toledo, G.M., Morais, D.H., Silva, R.J. & Anjos, L.A. (2015) Helminth communities of Leptodactylus latrans (Anura: Leptodactylidae) from the Atlantic rainforest, south-eastern Brazil. Journal of Helminthology 89, 250254.
Valtonen, E.T., Pulkkinen, K., Poulin, R. & Julkunen, M. (2001) The structure of parasite component communities in brackish water fishes of the northeastern Baltic Sea. Parasitology 122, 471481.
Vaucher, C. (1990) Polystoma cuvieri n. sp. (Monogenea: Polystomatidae), a parasite of the urinary bladder of the leptodactylid frog Physalaemus cuvieri in Paraguay. Journal of Parasitology 76, 501504.
Vicente, J.J., Rodrigues, H.O., Gomes, D.C. & Pinto, R.M. (1990) Nematóides do Brasil. Parte II: Nematóides de anfíbios. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 7, 549626.
Yoder, H.R. & Coggins, J.R. (2007) Helminth communities in five species of sympatric amphibians from three adjacent ephemeral ponds in southeastern Wisconsin. Journal of Parasitology 93, 755761.
Zar, J.H. (2010) Biostatistical analysis. 5th edn. 944 pp. Upper Saddle River, Prentice-Hall.
Zelmer, D.A. & Arai, H.P. (2004) Development of nestedness: host biology as a community process in parasite infracommunities of yellow perch (Perca flavescens (Mitchill)) from Garner Lake, Alberta. Journal of Parasitology 90, 435436.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed