Abd El-Ghani, A.F. (1976) The present situation of Lymnaea snails in the New Valley. Proceedings of the 13th Arab Veterinary Congress, Cairo, Egypt, pp. 556–567.
Abdo, B.R.N. (2014)
Epidemiological studies on fascioliasis in Assiut and New Valley Governorates
. PhD VSc thesis, Animal Hygiene and Zoonoses Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Assiut University.
Abdulhakim, Y. & Addis, M. (2012) An abattoir study on the prevalence of fasciolosis in cattle, sheep and goats in Debre Zeit Town, Ethiopia. Global Veterinaria
Altschul, S.F., Gish, W., Miller, W., Myers, E.W. & Lipman, D.J. (1990) Basic local alignment search tool. Journal of Molecular Biology
Amer, S., Dar, Y., Ichikawa, M., Fukuda, Y., Tada, C., Itagaki, T. & Nakai, Y. (2011) Identification of Fasciola species isolated from Egypt based on sequence analysis of genomic (ITS1 and ITS2) and mitochondrial (NDI and COI) gene markers. Parasitology International
Arafa, W.M., Shokeir, K.M. & Khateib, A.M. (2015) Comparing an in vivo egg reduction test and in vitro egg hatching assay for different anthelmintics against Fasciola species, in cattle. Veterinary Parasitology
Ashrafi, K., Valero, M.A., Panova, M., Periago, M.V., Massoud, J. & Mas-Coma, S. (2006) Phenotypic analysis of adults of Fasciola hepatica, Fasciola gigantica and intermediate forms from the endemic region of Gilan, Iran. Parasitology International
Atallah, S.T. (2008) Economic losses from fascioliasis in slaughtered animals: at abattoir levels. Minufiya Veterinary Journal
Bargues, M.D., Artigas, P., Khoubbane, M., Ortiz, P., Naquira, C. & Mas-CoMa, S. (2012) Molecular characterisation of Lymnaea truncatula, Lymnaea neotropica and L. schirazensis from Cajamarca, Peru and their potential role in transmission of human and animal fascioliasis. Parasites & Vectors
Biu, A.A., Paul, B.T., Konto, M. & Ya'uba, A.M. (2013) Cross sectional and phenotypic studies on fasciolosis in slaughter cattle in Maiduguri, Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences
Brown, D.S. (1994) Freshwater snails of Africa and their medical importance. 2nd edn. London, UK, Taylor and Francis.
Caron, Y., Righi, S., Lempereur, L., Saegerman, C. & Losson, B. (2011) An optimized DNA extraction and multiplex PCR for the detection of Fasciola sp. in lymnaeid snails. Veterinary Parasitology
Cucher, M.A., Carnevale, S., Prepelitchi, L., Labbé, J.H. & Wisnivesky-Colli, C. (2006) PCR diagnosis of F. hepatica in field-collected Lymnaea columella and Lymnaea viatrix snails. Veterinary Parasitology
Curtis, L.A. & Hubbard, K.M. (1990) Trematode infections in a gastropod host misrepresented by observing shed cercariae. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
Dar, Y.D., Rondelaud, D. & Dreyfuss, G. (2005) Update of fasciolosis-transmitting snails in Egypt (review and comment). Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology
Dar, Y., Djuikwo Teukeng, F.F., Vignoles, P., Dreyfuss, G. & Rondelaud, D. (2010)
Radix natalensis (Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae), a potential intermediate host of Fasciola hepatica in Egypt. Parasite
Dar, Y., Amer, S., Mercier, A., Courtioux, B. & Dreyfuss, G. (2012) Molecular identification of Fasciola spp. (Digenea: Fasciolidae) in Egypt. Parasite
Dar, Y., Lounnas, M., Djuikwo Teukeng, F.F., Mouzet, R., Courtioux, B., Hurtrez-Boussès, S., Vignoles, P., Dreyfuss, G. & Rondelaud, D. (2013) Variations in local adaptation of allopatric F. hepatica to French Galba truncatula in relation to parasite origin. Parasitology Research
Dar, Y., Vignoles, P., Rondelaud, D. & Dreyfuss, G. (2014) Role of the lymnaeid snail Pseudosuccinea columella in the transmission of the liver fluke Fasciola hepatica in Egypt. Journal of Helminthology
Diab, M.R. (1993) Biological studies on trematode larvae and freshwater snails. MVSc thesis, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Alexandria University.
Drury, R.A. & Wallingten, E.A. (1980) Carleton's histological technique. 5th edn. Oxford, Oxford University Press.
El-Kady, G.A., Shoukry, A., Reda, L.A. & El-badri, Y.S. (2000) Survey and population dynamics of freshwater snails in newly settled areas of the Sinai Peninsula. Egyptian Journal of Biology
El-Shazly, A.M., Helmy, M.M., Haridy, F.M., El-Sharkawy, E.M. & Morsy, T.A. (2002)
Fasciola immature stages sought in Lymnaea species and Biomphalaria species in the water bodies of Dakahlia Governorate. Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology
El-Shazly, A.M., El-Nahas, H.A., Soliman, M., Sultan, D.M., Abedl Tawab, A.H. & Morsy, T.A. (2006) The reflection of control programs of parasitic diseases upon gastrointestinal helminthiasis in Dakahlia Governorate, Egypt. Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology
El-Shazly, A.M., Nabih, N., Salem, D.A. & Mohamed, M.Z. (2012) Snail populations in Dakahlia Governorate, Egypt, with special reference to lymnaeids. Egyptian Journal of Biology
Ghoneim, N.H., Hassan, M.A., El Newishy, A.M. & Mahmoud, S.M. (2011)
Fasciola as a zoonotic parasite in slaughtered animals at Kalyobia abattoirs. Benha Veterinary Medical Journal
Haseeb, A.N., EL-Shazly, A.M., Arafa, M.A. & Morsy, A.T. (2002) A review on fascioliasis in Egypt. Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology
Hussain, A.N. & Khalifa, M.A.K. (2010) Phenotypic description and prevalence of Fasciola species in Qena Governorate, Egypt with special reference to a new strain of Fasciola hepatica
. Journal of King Saud University-Science
Ibrahim, A.M., Bishai, H.M. & Khalil, M.T. (1999) Freshwater molluscs of Egypt. Cairo, Egypt, National Biodiversity Unit, Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency.
Ichikawa, M. & Itagaki, T. (2010) Discrimination of the ITS1 types of Fasciola spp. based on a PCR-RFLP method. Parasitology Research
Itagaki, T. & Tsutsumi, K. (1998) Triploid form of Fasciola in Japan: genetic relationships between Fasciola hepatica and Fasciola gigantica determined by ITS-2 sequence of nuclear rDNA. International Journal for Parasitology
Itagaki, T., Tsutsumi, K., Ito, K. & Tsutsumi, Y. (1998) Taxanomic status of the Japanese triploid forms of Fasciola: comparison of mitochondrial ND1 and COI sequences with F. hepatica and F. gigantica
. Journal of Parasitology
Itagaki, T., Kikawa, M., Sakaguchi, K., Shimo, J., Terasaki, K., Shibahara, T. & Fukuda, K. (2005) Genetic characterization of parthenogenic Fasciola sp. in Japan on the basis of the sequences of ribosomal and mitochondrial DNA. Parasitology
Jackson, J.H. (1958) Bilharezia. A background of its endemicity and control in Africa with particular reference to irrigation scheme. South African Journal of Laboratory Clinical Medicine
Kadir, M.A., Ali, N.H. & Ridha, R.G.M. (2012) Prevalence of helminthes, pneumonia and hepatitis in Kirkuk slaughter house, Kirkuk, Iraq. Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Science
Khan, U.J. & Maqbool, A. (2012) Prevalence of fasciolosis in cattle under different managemental conditions in Punjab. Pakistan Journal of Zoology
Kuraa, H.M. & Malek, S.S. (2014) Parasitological and serological study on Fasciola diagnosis in cattle and buffaloes in Assiut Governorate. Assiut Veterinary Medical Journal
Lambert, W.J., Corliss, E., Sha, J. & Smalls, J. (2012) Trematode infections in Littorina littorea on the New Hampshire Coast. Northeastern Naturalist
Le, T.H., Nguyen, K.T., Nguyen, N.T.B., Doan, H.T., Le, X.T.K., Hoang, C.T.M. & De, N.V. (2012) Development and evaluation of a single-step duplex PCR for simultaneous detection of Fasciola hepatica and Fasciola gigantica (family Fasciolidae, class Trematoda, phylum Platyhelminthes). Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Lloyd, M.M. & Poulin, R. (2012) Fitness benefits of a division of labour in parasitic trematode colonies with and without competition. International Journal for Parasitology
Lotfy, W.M. & Hillyer, G.V. (2003)
Fasciola species in Egypt. Experimental Pathology and Parasitology
Lotfy, W.M., El-Morshedy, H.N., Abou El-Hoda, M., El-Tawila, M.M., Omar, E.A. & Farag, H.F. (2002) Identification of the Egyptian species of Fasciola
. Veterinary Parasitology
Marcilla, A., Bargues, M.D. & Mas-Coma, S. (2002) A PCR-RFLP assay for the distinction between Fasciola hepatica and Fasciola gigantica
. Molecular and Cellular Probes
Martínez-Ibeas, A.M., Martínez-Valladares, M., González-Lanza, C., Miñambres, B. & Manga-González, M.Y. (2011) Detection of Dicrocoelium dendriticum larval stages in mollusc and ant intermediate hosts by PCR, using mitochondrial and ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS-2) sequences. Parasitology
Mas-Coma, S., Bargues, M.D. & Valero, M.A. (2005) Fascioliasis and other plant-borne trematode zoonoses. International Journal for Parasitology
Ngele, K.K. & Ibe, E. (2014) Prevalence of Fasciolopsis in cattle slaughtered at Eke Market abattoir, Afikpo, Ebonyi state, Nigeria. Animal Research International
Periago, M.V., Valero, M.A., El Sayed, M., Ashrafi, K., El Wakeel, A., Mohamed, M.Y., Desquesnes, M., Curtale, F. & Mas-Coma, S. (2008) First phenotypic description of Fasciola hepatica/Fasciola gigantica intermediate forms from the human endemic area of the Nile Delta, Egypt. Infection Genetics & Evolution
Rognlie, M.C., Dimke, K.L., Potts, R.S. & Knapp, S.E. (1996) Seasonal transmission of Fasciola hepatica in Montana, USA, with detection of infected intermediate hosts using a DNA-based assay. Veterinary Parasitology
Shiferaw, M., Feyisa, B. & Ephrem, T. (2011) Prevalence of bovine fasciolosis and its economic significance in and around Assela, Ethiopia. Global Journal of Medical Research
Soliman, F.M. (2008) Epidemiological review of human and animal fascioliasis in Egypt. The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Soulsby, E.J. (1982) Helminths, arthropods and protozoa of domesticated animals. 7th edn. London, Bailliere, Tindall and Cassell.
Spithil, T.M., Smooker, P.M. & Copeman, D.B. (1999)
Fasciola gigantica: epidemiology, control, immunology and molecular biology. pp. 465–525 in Dalton, J.P. (Ed.) Fasciolosis. Oxon., CABI Publishing.
Studer, A. & Poulin, R. (2012) Seasonal dynamics in an intertidal mudflat: the case of a complex trematode life cycle. Marine Ecology Progress Series
Stunkard, H.W. & Hinchliffe, M.C. (1952) The morphology and life-history of Microbilharzia variglandis (Miller and Northup, 1926) Stunkard and Hinchliffe, 1951, avian blood-flukes whose larvae cause ‘swimmer's itch’ of ocean beaches. Journal of Parasitology
Teklu, H., Abebe, N. & Kumar, N. (2015) Abattoir prevalence of bovine fasciolosis in the municipal abattoir of Wukro, Northern Ethiopia. Journal of International Academic Research for Multidisciplinary
Terasaki, K., Moriyama-Gonda, N. & Noda, Y. (1998) Abnormal spermatogenesis in the common liver fluke (Fasciola sp.) from Japan and Korea. Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Tsegaye, B., Abebaw, H. & Girma, S. (2012) Study on coprological prevalence of bovine fasciolosis in and around Woreta, Northwestern Ethiopia. Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Urquhart, G.M., Armour, J., Duncan, J.L., Dunn, A.M. & Jennings, F.W. (1996) Veterinary parasitology. 2nd edn. London, Blackwell Science.
WHO (World Health Organization) (2007) Report of the WHO Informal Meeting on use of triclabendazole in fascioliasis control. WHO/CDS/NTD/PCT/2007.1. Geneva, WHO.