Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

The Spatial Distribution of 10 m Temperatures in the Antarctic Peninsula

  • P. J. Martin (a1) and D. A. Peel (a1)

Abstract

Temperatures from 10 m bore holes have been analysed to determine the spatial variation of mean annual surface temperature over the Antarctic Peninsula. In general there is a decrease in temperature of 0.84 deg per degree latitude southwards combined with an altitude lapse rate of 0.68 deg per 100 m. There is a sharp divide between the continental type climate of the east coast and a maritime climate of the central and western regions. Temperatures are approximately 7 deg lower along the east coast compared with those at sites of a similar altitude and latitude on the west.

Résumé

Les températures prises dans des forages de 10 mètres de profondeur ont été analysées pour déterminer la variation dans l'espace des températures moyennes de surface dans la péninsule antarctique. En règle générale, il y a une diminution de température de 0,84 deg par degré de latitude en allant vers le Sud, combinée avec un gradient thermique de 0,69 deg par 100 m d'altitude. Il y a une nette séparation entre le climat de type continental de la côte Est et le climat maritime des régions centrales et occidentales. Les températures sont approximativement de 7 deg inférieures le long de la céte Est à celles de sites de méme latitude et même altitude à l'Ouest.

Zusammenfassung

Zur Bestimmung der räumlichen Änderung der mittleren Jahrestemperatur an der Oberfläche der antarktischen Halbinsel wurden die Temperaturen in 10 m tiefen Bohrlöchern analysiert, Im allgemeinen lässt sich eine Abnahme der Temperatur von 0,84 deg pro Breitengrad nach Süden, überlagert von einer Abnahme von 0,68 deg pro 100 Höhenzunahme festellen. Es besteht ein scharfer Unterschied zwischen dem kontinentalen Klima der Ostküste und dem marilimen Klima der mittleren und westlichen Regionen. Die Temperaturen längs der Ostküste sind im Vergleich zu denen im VVcsten an Stellen ähnlicher Höhe und Breite etwa 7 deg niedriger.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      The Spatial Distribution of 10 m Temperatures in the Antarctic Peninsula
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      The Spatial Distribution of 10 m Temperatures in the Antarctic Peninsula
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      The Spatial Distribution of 10 m Temperatures in the Antarctic Peninsula
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

References

Hide All
Dalinger, R. Unpublished. Instituto Ant_rtico Argentine contributions to the GAP project. [Presented to the SCAR Working Group on Glaciology, Mendoza, Argentina, October 1976.]
Doake, G. S. M. Unpublished. Summer glaciological party, 1973/74. [British Antarctic Survey Report NoG3/1973/T.]
Holdgatc, M. VV. [1964.] Terrestrial ecology in the maritime Antarctic. (In Cairtekj R,. mi others, ed, Biologie antarctique. Pans, x 8 septembre ?$?2. Comptes-rendus. [Edited by Carrick, R., Holdgatc, M. W., 7. Pr_vost.] Paris Hermann, p. 18194.)
Limbert, D. W, S. 1974. Variations in the mean annual temperature for the Antarctic Peninsula 100472 Polar Record, Vol. 17, No. 108, p. 30306.
Loewc, F. 1956. Contributions to the glaciology of the Antarctic. Journal of Glaciology, Vol. 2, No. 19, p. 65765.
Locwc, F. 1970. Screen temperatures and 10 m temperatures. Journal of Glaciology, Vol. 9, No. 5(1, p. 36368.
MacDowall, J. 1964. Glaciological observations. Parti. Glaciological observations at the base. (In Brunt, D. Sir, ed. The Royal Society International Geophysical Tear Antarctic Expedition. Halley Bay. Coats Land, Falkland Islands Dependencies, 1955–59. Vol. 4. London, Royal Society, p. 269313.)
Paren, J. G. Unpublished. Summer season glaciology. 1976/77. [British Antarctic Survey Report No G/1976–77/R.]
Pearson, M., and Rose, I., Unpublished. Fossil Bluff glaciology, 1971. [British Antarctic Survey Report No G/1971/KG.]
Peel, D. A. 1976. Snow accumulation, conductance and temperature inland from Halley Bay. British Antarctic Survey Bulletin, No. 43, p. 113.
Peel, D. A. Unpublished. Adelaide Island-summer season glaciology, 1975/76. [British Antarctic Survey Report No. Gg/lj>75,/T.]
Robin, G. de Q. ed. 1967. Glaciology. Annals of the International Geophysical Tear, Vol. 41.
Rundlc, A. S. 1973. Glaciology of the Marr Ice Piedmont, Anvers Island, Antarctica. Ohio Slate University Institute of Polar Studies. Report No. 47.
Schwcrdtfegcr, W. 1970. The climate of the Antarctic. (In Orvig, S., ed. Climates of the polar r_gions Amsterdam Elsevicr. (World Survey of Climatology, Vol. 14.)
Schwerdtlcgcr, W. 1974. The Antarctic Peninsula and the temperature regime of the Weddell Sea. Antarctic Journal of the United States, Vol. 9, No. 5, p. 21314.
Sehwcrdtfeger, W. 1975. The effect of the Antarctic Peninsula on the temperature regime of the Weddell Sea. Monthly Weather Review, Vol. 103, No. I, p. 4551.
Schytt, V. 1960. Snow and ice temperatures in Dronning Maud Land. Norwegian-British-Swedish Antarctic Expedition 1949-1515s. Scientific Results, Vol. 4. 1>.
Shimizu, H. 1964. Glaciological studies in west Antarctica, 1960-1962. (In Mellor, M., ed. Antarctic snow and ice studies Washington, D.C., American Geophysical Union, p. 3764. (Antarctic Research Series, Vol. 2.))
Swithinbank, C. VV. M. 1974. An international glaciological programme for the Antarctic Peninsula: report of a meeting held 111 Cambridge, England, 2730 April 1973. Polar Record, Vol. 17, No. 106, p. 8698.

The Spatial Distribution of 10 m Temperatures in the Antarctic Peninsula

  • P. J. Martin (a1) and D. A. Peel (a1)

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed