Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

A new device for the measurement of air content in polar ice

  • V. Lipenkov (a1), F. Candaudap (a2), J. Ravoire (a2), E. Dulac (a2) and D. Raynaud (a2)...

Abstract

A new device for measuring air content in polar ice has been designed, built and tested with 22 samples of Antarctic ice. The new technique is based on the barometric method which implies: (1) air extraction under vacuum by melting refreezing of the ice sample placed in a calibrated cell, and (2) accurate air-pressure and temperature measurements. The new apparatus simplifies the experimental procedure, decreases the duration of measurement and can eventually be used in the field. It provides results with an accuracy equivalent to or better than other methods previously used.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      A new device for the measurement of air content in polar ice
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      A new device for the measurement of air content in polar ice
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      A new device for the measurement of air content in polar ice
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

References

Hide All
Arnold-Alyabyev,, V. I. 1930. Opredelenie polostey vo l’du i pribory dlva etoy tseli [Measurements of the bubbles in the ice and equipment for their study]. Izvestiya Glavnoy Geofizicheskoy Observatorii 4. 3436.
Bader,, Η. 1964. Density of ice as a function of tempera of temperature and stress. CRREL Spec. Rep. 64.
Budd,, W. F. and Morgan, V. I. 1977. Isotopes, climate and ice sheet dynamics from core studies on Law Dome, Antarctica. International Association of Hydrological Sciences Publication 118 (Symposium at Grenoble1975 — Istopes and Impuritities in Snow and Ice), 312321.
Chappellaz,, J. 1990. Etude deu méthana atmosphérique au cours dudernier cycle climatique à parrtir de l’air piégé dans la glace Antarctique. (Thése de l’analyse de l’Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble.)
Herron,, S. L. and Langway, C. C., Jr. 1987. Derivation of paleoelevations from total air content of two deep Greenland ice cores. International Association of Hydrological Sciences Publication 170 (Symposium at Vancouver1987 —The Physical Basis of Ice Sheet Modelling), 283–2013;295.
Kameda,, T., Nakawo, M., Nagoshi, M. and Mae, S. 1990a. Measurements of total gas content of an ice core from Mizulio Station, Antarctica. Proceedings of the NIPR Symposium on Polar Meteorology and Glacilogy 3. 51–2013;57.
Kameda,, Т., Nakawo, M. Mae, S. Watanabe, O. and Naruse, R. 1990b. Thinning of the ice sheet estimated from total gas content of ice cores in Mizuho Plateau, East Antarctica. Ann.Glaciol., 14. 131–2013;135.
Langway,, C. C., Jr. 1958. Bubble pressures in Greenland glacier iee. International Association of Scientific Hydrology Publication 47 (Symposium at Chamonix 1958 — Physics of the Movement of the Ice), 336349.
Lipenkov,, V. Ya. Barkov, N. I., Martinerie, P. and Raynaud, D. 1993. Gazosoderzhaniye Iledyanykh otlozheniy v rayone st. Vostok. [Air cotent of the ice deosits near Vostok Station]. Antarktika 31. 8598.
Martinerie,, P. 1990. Tencur en gaz. des. glaces polaires. Variations. Géographiques actuelles. variations. au counrs du dernier eycle climatique dans la région de Vostok, (Thése de l’Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble.)
Martinerie,, P., Lipenkov, V.Ya. and Raynaud, D. 1990. Correction of air content measurements in polar ice for the effect of cut bubbles at the surface of the sample. J. Glaciol., 36 (124). 299–2013;303.
Martinerie,, P., Raynaud, D., Etheridge, D. M., Barnola, J.-M. and Mazaudier, D. 1992. Physieal and climatic parameters which influence the air content in polar ice. Earth Lett. Planet. Sci., 112 (1–4), 1–2013;13.
Martinerie,, Р., Lipenkov, V., Raynaud, D., Chapperllaz, J., Barkov, N. I. and Lorius, C. 1994. The air content paleo record in the Yoslok ice core (Antarctica): a mixed record of climatic and glaciological parameters. Res. J. Geophys., 99 (D5), 10,56510,576.
Raynaud,, D., 1977. Les inclusions gazeuses dans la glace de glacier; leurutilisation comme indicaleur du site de formation de la glace polaire; applications climatiques et rhéologiques. Grenoble, Laboratoire de Glaciologie du Centre Ntional de la Rcherche Scientifique. (Publication N214.)
Raynaud,, D. 1983. Total gas content. In Robin, G. de Q., ed. The climatic record in polar ice sheets. Cambridge University Press, 7982.
Raynaud,, D., and Whillans, I. 1982. Air content of the Byrd core and past changes in the West Antarctic ice sheet. Ann. Glaciol., 3. 269273.
Raynaud,, D., Lorius, С., Hiuld, W. F. and Young, N. W. 1979. Ice flow along in I, A. G. P. flow line and interpretation of data from an ice core in Terre Adélie, Antarctica J. Glaciol., 24 (90), 103115.
Raynaud,, D., Delmas, J. R. Ascencio, M. and Legrand, M. 1982. Gas extraction from polar ice cores: a critical issue for studying the evolution of atmospheric CO2. and ice-sheet surface elevation. Ann. Glaciol., 3. 265268.
Schwander,, J. 1984. Lufteinschluss im Eis von Groenland und der Antarktis. (Ph.D. thesis., Universität Bern.)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed