Barnes,, P., Tahor, D. and Walker,, J.C.F. 1971. The friction and creep of polycrystalline ice. Proc R. Soc: London, Ser. A, 324(1537), 127-155.
Cole,, D. M.
1986. Effect of grain size on the internal fracturing of polycrystalline ice. CRREL Rep. 86-5.
Cole,, D. M.
1987. Strain-rate and grain-size effects in ice. J. Glaciol., 33(115), 274-280.
1990. Dynamic recrystallization and grain size, In
Barber,, D. J. and Meredith, P.G., eds. Deformation processes in minerals, ceramics and rocks. London, Unwin Hyman, 354-364.
Duval,, P., Ashby, M. F. and Anderman, I. 1983. Rale-controlling processes in the creep of polyerysralline ice. J. Phys. Chem., 87(2l), 4066-4074.
Frederking, R. and Gold., L.W.
1975. Experimental study of edge loading of ice plates. Can. Geotech. J., 12(4), 456-463.
Frederking,, R., Jordaan, I.J. and McCallum, J. S. 1990. Field tests of ice indentation at medium scale, Hohson’s Choice Ice Island, 1989. IAHR. Symposium on Ice, Espoo Finland, August 20-24, 1990. Proceedings. Vol. 2. Espoo, Helsinki University of Technology. 931-944.
Glen,, J.W. and Ives., D.J.
1988. Fish antifreeze proteins and the creep of pulycrystalline ice. J. Glaciol., 34(118), 291-292.
1974. Ice physics. Oxford, Clarendon Press.
Jacka,, T. H.
1984. The time and strain required for development of minimum strain rates in ice. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol., 8(3) 261-268.
Jacka,, T. H. and Jun, L. 1994. The steady-state crystal size of deforming ice. Ann. Glaciol., 20, 13-18.
1982. The confined compressive strength of polyerystalline ice. J. Glaciol., 28(98), 171-177.
Jones,, S.J. and Glen, J. W. 1969. The mechanical properties of single crystals of pure ice. J. Glaciol., 8(54), 463-473.
Jordaan,, I.J. and Timco., G.W.
1988. Dynamics of the ice-crushing process. J. Glaciol., 34(118), 318-326.
Jordaan,, I.J. and Xiao, J. 1993. Interplay between damage and fracture in ice-structure interaction. IAHR 92. 11th International Symposium on Ice. Banff, Alberta. Canada, June 15-19. 1992. Proceedings. Vol. 3. Edmonton, Alta, University of Alberta, Department of Civil Engineering, 1448-1467.
Jordaan,, I.J., Kennedy, K. P., McKenna, R.F. and Maes, M. A. 1991. Loads and vibration induced by compressive failure of ice. In
Sodhi., D.S, ed. Cold Regions Engineering. Proceedings of the 6th International Specially Conference. February 26-28. 1991. West Lebanon, NH. New York, American Society of Civil Engineers, 638-649.
Jordaan,, I.J., Stone, B. M., McKenna, R. F. and Fuglem, M. K. 1992. Effect of microcracking on the deformation of ice. Can. Geotech. J., 29(1), 143-150.
Kennedy,, K.P., Jordaan, I.J., Maes, M. A. and Prodanovic, A. 1994. Dynamic activity in medium-scale ice indentation tests. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol., 22(3),253-267.
1992. The influence of damage on the creep behaviour of ice subject to multiaxial compressive stress states. (M.Eng. thesis. Memorial University of Newfoundland. Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science.)
Kheisin., D. E. and Cherepanov., N.Y.
1973. Change of ice structure in the zone of impact of a solid body against the ice cover surfare. Problems of the Arctic ami Antarctic
Offenbacher,, E. L.
Roselman, I. G. and Tabor, D. 1973. Friction, deformation, and recrystallization of single crystals of ice Ih under stress. In
Whalley,, E., Jones, S. J. and Gold, L. eds. Physics and Chemistry of ICe: papers presented at the Symposium on the Physics and chemistry of Ice. held in Ottawa, Canada, 14-18 August 1972. Ottawa, Ont, Royal Society of Canada, 377-381.
Poirier,, J. -P.
1985. Creep of crystals. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
Rist,, M.A., Jones, S. J. and Slade., T.D.
1994. Microcracking and shear fracture in ice. Ann. Glaciol., 19, 131-137.
Schapery, R.A. 1981. On viscoelastic deformation and failure behaviour of composite materials with distributed flaws. Adv. Aerospace Struct. Mater., AD-01, 5-20.
Schapery,, R. A.
1991. Models for the deformation behavior of viscoelastic media with distributed damage and their applicability to ice. In
Jones,, S.J., McKenna, R. F., Tillotson, J. and Jordaan, I. J., eds. Ice-structure Interaction. IUTAM-IAHR Symposium. St. John’s, Newfoundland, Canada. Berlin, etc. Springer-Verlag, 191-230.
Singh., S. K.
1993. Mechanical behaviour of visco elastic material with changing microstructure (Ph.D. thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland, Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science.)
Sinha,, N. K.
1981. Constant stress rate deformation modulus of ice. POAC81. The Sixth International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineeeing under Arctic Conditions, Québec. Canada. July 27-31. 1981. Proceedings. Vol. 1. Québec, Qué. Université Laval, 216-224.
Sinha., N. K.
1989. Microcrack-enhanced creep in polycrystalline material at elevated temperature. Acta Metall., 37(11), 3107-3118.
Sinha,, N. K.
1990. Is minimum creep rate a fundamental material property? In
Ayorinde., O. A., Sinha, N. K. and Sodhi, D. S. eds. Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering — 1990. Vol. IV. Arctic/Polar Technology. New York, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 283-288.
Stone,, B.M., Jordaan, I.J., Jones, S. J and McKenna., R.F.
1989. Damage of isotropic polycrystalline ice under moderate confining pressures, In
Axelsson,, K.B.E. and Fransson., L. Å. eds. POAC 89. The 10th International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions, June 12-16 1989. Luleå, Sweden. Proceedings. Vol. 1. Luleå, Tekniska Högskolan i Luleå, 408-419.
Urai,, J.L., Means, W. D. and Lister, G. S. 1986. Dynamic recrystallization of minerals. In
Hobbs,, B.E. and Heard, H.C., eds. Mineral and rock, deformation: laboratory studies — the Paterson Volume. Washington, DC. American Geophysical Union. 161-199. (Geophysieal Monograph 36.)
Xiao., J. and Jordaan., I.J.
1996. Application of damage mechanics to ice failure in compression. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol., 24(3), 305-322.
Xiao,, J., Jordaan, I.J., McKenna, R.F. and Frederking,, R.M.W. 1991. Finite element modelling of spherical indentation tests on ice. In
Muggeridge,, D.B., Colbourne, D.B. and Muggeridge, H. M., eds. POAC 91. The 11th International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions. September 24-28, 1991. St. John’s Canada. Proceedings. Vol. 1.
St. John’s Nfld, Memorial University of Newfoundland. Ocean Engineering Research Centre, 471-485.