Akinaga, T. & Mizushima, J.
2005
Linear stability of flow past two circular cylinders in a side-by-side arrangement. J. Phys. Soc. Japan
74, 1366–1369.

Alam, M. M. & Zhou, Y.
2013
Intrinsic features of flow around two side-by-side square cylinders. Phys. Fluids
25, 085106.

Alam, M. M., Zhou, Y. & Wang, X. W.
2011
The wake of two side-by-side square cylinders. J. Fluid Mech.
669, 432–471.

Barkley, D. & Henderson, R. D.
1996
Three-dimensional Floquet stability analysis of the wake of a circular cylinder. J. Fluid Mech.
322, 215–241.

Bearman, P. W. & Wadcock, A. J.
1973
The interaction between a pair of circular cylinders normal to a stream. J. Fluid Mech.
61, 499–511.

Bernal, L. P. & Roshko, A.
1986
Streamwise vortex structure in plane mixing layers. J. Fluid Mech.
170, 499–525.

Bloor, M. S.
1964
The transition to turbulence in the wake of a circular cylinder. J. Fluid Mech.
19, 290–304.

Brun, C., Tenchine, D. & Hopfinger, E. J.
2004
Role of the shear layer instability in the near wake behavior of two side-by-side circular cylinders. Exp. Fluids
36, 334–343.

Carmo, B. S., Meneghini, J. R. & Sherwin, S. J.
2010a
Secondary instabilities in the flow around two circular cylinders in tandem. J. Fluid Mech.
644, 395–431.

Carmo, B. S., Meneghini, J. R. & Sherwin, S. J.
2010b
Possible states in the flow around two circular cylinders in tandem with separations in the vicinity of the drag inversion spacing. Phys. Fluids
22, 054101.

Carmo, B. S., Sherwin, S. J., Bearman, P. W. & Willden, R. H. J.
2008
Wake transition in the flow around two circular cylinders in staggered arrangements. J. Fluid Mech.
597, 1–29.

Castro, I.
1971
Wake characteristics of two-dimensional perforated plate normal to an air-stream. J. Fluid Mech.
46, 599–609.

Choi, C.-B., Jang, Y.-J. & Yang, K.-S.
2012
Secondary instability in the near-wake past two tandem square cylinders. Phys. Fluids
24, 024102.

Choi, C.-B. & Yang, K.-S.
2013
Three-dimensional instability in the flow past two side-by-side square cylinders. Phys. Fluids
25, 074107.

Cimbala, J. M., Nagib, H. M. & Roshko, A.
1988
Large structure in the far wakes of two-dimensional bluff bodies. J. Fluid Mech.
190, 265–298.

Dadmarzi, F. H., Narasimhamurthy, V. D., Andersson, H. I. & Pettersen, B.
2011
The turbulent wake behind side-by-side plates. J. Phys. Conf. Ser.
318, 062010.

Gerrard, J. H.
1966
The mechanics of the formation region of vortices behind bluff bodies. J. Fluid Mech.
25, 401–413.

Hayashi, M., Sakurai, A. & Ohya, Y.
1986
Wake interference of a row of normal flat plates arranged side by side in a uniform flow. J. Fluid Mech.
164, 1–25.

Hemmati, A., Wood, D. H. & Martinuzzi, R. J.
2016
Characteristics of distinct flow regimes in the wake of an infinite span normal thin flat plate. Intl J. Heat Fluid Flow
62 (Part B), 423–436.

Higuchi, H., Lewalle, J. & Crane, P.
1994
On the structure of a two-dimensional wake behind a pair of flat plates. Phys. Fluids
6, 297–305.

Ho, C.-M. & Huerre, P.
1984
Perturbed free shear layers. Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech.
16, 365–422.

Huang, Z., Ferré, J. A., Kawall, J. G. & Keffer, J. F.
1995
The connection between near and far regions of the turbulent porous body wake. Exp. Therm Fluid Sci.
11 (2), 143–154.

Huerre, P. & Monkewitz, P. A.
1990
Local and global instabilities in spatially developing flows. Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech.
22, 473–537.

Inoue, O.
1985
A new approach to flow problems past a porous plate. AIAA J.
23, 1916–1921.

Kim, H. J. & Durbin, P. A.
1988
Investigation of the flow between a pair of circular cylinders in the flopping regime. J. Fluid Mech.
196, 431–448.

Koch, W.
1985
Local instability characteristics and frequency determination of self-excited wake flows. J. Sound Vib.
99, 53–83.

Kochin, N. E., Kibel, I. A. & Roze, N. V.
1964
Theoretical Hydrodynamics. Wiley Interscience (translated from the fifth Russian edition).

Kolar, V., Lyn, D. A. & Rodi, W.
1997
Ensemble-averaged measurements in the turbulent near wake of two side-by-side square cylinders. J. Fluid Mech.
346, 201–237.

Landweber, L.1942 Flow about a pair of adjacent, parallel cylinders normal to a stream. *Tech. Rep.* 485. Navy Department, David W. Taylor Model Basin.

Manhart, M.
2004
A zonal grid algorithm for DNS of turbulent boundary layers. Comput. Fluids
33, 435–461.

Mathis, M., Provansal, M. & Boyer, L.
1984
Bénard–von Kármán instability: an experimental study near the threshold. J. Phys. Lett. Paris
45, 483–491.

Meiburg, E. & Lasheras, J. C.
1988
Experimental and numerical investigation of the three-dimensional transition in plane wakes. J. Fluid Mech.
190, 1–37.

Miau, J. J., Wang, G. Y. & Chou, J. H.
1992
Intermittent switching of gap flow downstream of two flat plates arranged side by side. J. Fluids Struct.
6, 563–582.

Miau, J. J., Wang, H. B. & Chou, J. H.
1996
Flopping phenomenon of flow behind two plates placed side-by-side normal to the flow direction. Fluid Dyn. Res.
17, 311–328.

Mizushima, J. & Hatsuda, G.
2014
Nonlinear interactions between the two wakes behind a pair of square cylinders. J. Fluid Mech.
750, 295–320.

Najjar, F. M. & Balachandar, S.
1998
Low-frequency unsteadiness in the wake of a normal flat plate. J. Fluid Mech.
370, 101–147.

Najjar, F. M. & Vanka, S. P.
1995
Effects of intrinsic three-dimensionality on the drag characteristics of a normal flat plate. Phys. Fluids
7, 2516–2518.

Narasimhamurthy, V. D. & Andersson, H. I.
2009
Numerical simulation of the turbulent wake behind a normal flat plate. Intl J. Heat Fluid Flow
30, 1037–1043.

Peller, N., Duc, A. L., Tremblay, F. & Manhart, M.
2006
High-order stable interpolations for immersed boundary methods. Intl J. Numer. Meth. Fluids
52, 1175–1193.

Prasad, A. & Williamson, C. H.
1997
The instability of the shear layer separating from a bluff body. J. Fluid Mech.
333, 375–402.

Radi, A., Thompson, M. C., Rao, A., Hourigan, K. & Sheridan, J.
2013
Experimental evidence of new three-dimensional modes in the wake of a rotating cylinder. J. Fluid Mech.
734, 567–594.

Robichaux, J., Balachandar, S. & Vanka, S. P.
1999
Three-dimensional Floquet instability of the wake of square cylinder. Phys. Fluids
11, 560–578.

Strykowski, P. J.1986 The control of absolutely and convectively unstable shear flows. PhD thesis, Yale University, New Haven.

Sumner, D.
2010
Two circular cylinders in cross-flow: a review. J. Fluids Struct.
26, 849–899.

Sumner, D., Wong, S. S. T., Price, S. J. & Paidoussis, M. P.
1999
Fluid behaviour of side-by-side circular cylinders in steady cross-flow. J. Fluids Struct.
13, 309–338.

Thompson, M. C., Hourigan, K., Ryan, K. & Sheard, G. J.
2006
Wake transition of two-dimensional cylinders and axisymmetric bluff bodies. J. Fluids Struct.
22, 793–806.

Unal, M. F. & Rockwell, D.
1988a
On vortex formation from a cylinder. Part 1. The initial instability. J. Fluid Mech.
190, 491–512.

Wei, T. & Smith, C. R.
1986
Secondary vortices in the wake of circular cylinders. J. Fluid Mech.
169, 513–533.

Williamson, C. H. K.
1985
Evolution of a single wake behind a pair of bluff bodies. J. Fluid Mech.
159, 1–18.

Williamson, C. H. K.
1996
Three-dimensional wake transition. J. Fluid Mech.
328, 345–407.

Winant, C. D. & Browand, F. K.
1974
Vortex pairing: the mechanism of turbulent mixing-layer growth at moderate Reynolds number. J. Fluid Mech.
63, 237–255.

Wood, C. J.
1964
The effect of base bleed on a periodic wake. J. R. Aero. Soc.
68, 477–482.

Xu, S. J., Zhou, Y. & So, R. M. C.
2003
Reynolds number effects on the flow structure behind two side-by-side cylinders. Phys. Fluids
15, 1214–1219.

Yen, S. C. & Liu, J. H.
2011
Wake flow behind two side-by-side square cylinders. Intl J. Heat Fluid Flow
32, 41–51.

Yildirim, I., Rindt, C. C. M. & van Steenhoven, A. A.
2013
Mode C flow transition behind a circular cylinder with a near-wake wire disturbance. J. Fluid Mech.
727, 30–55.

Zdravkovich, M. M.
1977
REVIEW: review of flow interference between two circular cylinders in various arrangements. Trans. ASME J. Fluids Engng
99, 618–633.

Zhang, H.-Q., Fey, U., Noack, B. R., König, M. & Eckelmann, H.
1995
On the transition of the cylinder wake. Phys. Fluids
7, 779–794.

Zhou, Y.
2003
Vortical structures behind three side-by-side cylinders. Exp. Fluids
34, 68–76.

Zhou, Y. & Alam, M. M.
2016
Wake of two interacting circular cylinders: a review. Intl J. Heat Fluid Flow
62, 510–537.