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A study of the turbulence within a spiralling vortex filament using proper orthogonal decomposition

  • Swathi M. Mula (a1) and Charles E. Tinney (a1)


The stability and turbulence characteristics of a vortex filament emanating from a single-bladed rotor in hover are investigated using proper orthogonal decomposition (POD). The rotor is operated at a tip chord Reynolds number and tip Mach number of 218 000 and 0.23, respectively, and with a blade loading of $C_{T}/{\it\sigma}=0.066$ . In-plane components of the velocity field (normal to the axis of the vortex filament) are captured by way of two-dimensional particle image velocimetry with corrections for vortex wander being performed using the ${\it\Gamma}_{1}$ method. The first POD mode alone is found to encompass nearly 75 % of the energy for all vortex ages studied and is determined using a grid of sufficient resolution to avoid numerical integration errors in the decomposition. The findings reveal an equal balance between the axisymmetric and helical modes during vortex roll-up, which immediately transitions to helical mode dominance at all other vortex ages. This helical mode is one of the modes of the elliptic instability. The spatial eigenfunctions of the first few Fourier-azimuthal modes associated with the most energetic POD mode is shown to be sensitive to the choice of the wander correction technique used. Higher Fourier-azimuthal modes are observed in the outer portions of the vortex and appeared not to be affected by the choice of the wander correction technique used.


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