There is a lack of rigour in the usual explanation for the scaling of the vertical velocity of shallow flows based on geometrical arguments and the continuity equation. In this paper we show, by studying shallow axisymmetric swirl flows, that the dynamics of the flow are crucial to determine the proper scaling. In addition, we present two characteristic scaling parameters for such flows: Reδ2 for the radial velocity and Reδ3 for the vertical velocity, where Re is the Reynolds number of the swirl flow and δ=H/L is the flow aspect ratio with H the fluid depth and L a typical horizontal length scale. This scaling contradicts the common assumption that the vertical velocity should scale with the primary motion proportional to the aspect ratio δ. Moreover, if this scaling applies, then the primary flow can be considered as quasi-two-dimensional. Numerical simulations of a decaying Lamb–Oseen vortex served to test the analytical results and to determine their range of validity. It was found that the primary flow can be considered as quasi-two-dimensional only if δRe1/2≲3 and δRe1/3≲1.