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On steady and pulsed low-blowing-ratio transverse jets

  • G. Bidan (a1) and D. E. Nikitopoulos (a1)

Abstract

The present experimental and numerical study focuses on the vortical structures encountered in steady and pulsed low-blowing-ratio transverse jets ( $0. 150\leq \mathit{BR}\leq 4. 2$ ), a configuration hardly discussed in the literature. Under unforced conditions at low blowing ratio, a stable leading-edge shear-layer rollup is identified inside the jet pipe. As the blowing ratio is increased, the destabilization and evolution of this structure sheds light on the formation mechanisms of the well-known transverse jet vortical system. A discussion on the nature of the counter-rotating vortex pair in low-blowing-ratio transverse jets is also provided. Under forced conditions, the experimental observations support and extend numerical results of previous fully modulated jet studies. Large-eddy simulation results provide scaling parameters for the classification of starting vortices for partly modulated jets, as well as information on their three-dimensional dynamics. The counter-rotating vortex pair initiation is observed and detailed in both Mie scattering visualizations and simulations. The observations support a mechanism based on stretching of the starting vortical structures because of inviscid induction and partial leapfrogging. Two modes of cross-flow ingestion inside the jet pipe are described as the pulsed jet cycles from high to low values of blowing ratio.

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Corresponding author

Email addresses for correspondence: guillaume.bidan@gmail.com, medimi@lsu.edu

References

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On steady and pulsed low-blowing-ratio transverse jets

  • G. Bidan (a1) and D. E. Nikitopoulos (a1)

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