Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Specific IgG activity against diarrheagenic bacteria in bovine immune milk and effect of pH on its antigen-binding activity upon heating

  • Wei Gao (a1), Long Chen (a1), Long Bing Xu (a1) and Xin Hua Huang (a1)

Abstract

Bovine colostrum and milk antibodies of calving and lactating cows immunized with a multivalent vaccine consisting of whole cells of three different species of pathogenic bacteria including four strains of enterotoxigenic Escherischia coli, five strains of enteropathogenic Esch. coli, three strains of enteroinvasive Esch. coli, two strains of Samonella typhi, and one strain each of Shigellia dysenteriae, Sh. sonnei and Sh. flexneri were generated, respectively. A significantly elevated activity and titre of specific IgG from bovine immune colostrum were seen for only 5 days after calving of immunized cows, however, the levels of specific IgG could be obtained continuously from the milk of immunized lactating cows until the 11th week of the entire experiment period. Subsequently, we observed that the high specific IgG activity in immune milk was relatively stable under pH 5·0–7·0 at 37°C. Of importance, we identified that the specific IgG preserved its biological function for high antigen-binding activity at pH 5·5–6·5 for 30 min of heat treatment at 70°C and for 350 s at 72°C. Our findings suggest that the specific IgG from milk antibodies of immunized lactating cows may be used as an abundant source of hyper-immune products for prevention of multibacteria-induced diarrhea, however, the effect of pH on its antigen-binding activity upon heating should be carefully considered and designed.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*For correspondence; e-mail: lchen@njnu.edu.cn

References

Hide All
Antalis, TM, Shea-Donohue, T, Vogel, SN, Sears, C & Fasano, A 2007 Mechanisms of disease: protease functions in intestinal mucosal pathobiology. Nature Clinical Practice. Gastroenterology & Hepatology 4 393402
Bogstedt, AK, Johansen, K, Hatta, H, Kim, M, Casswall, T, Svensson, L & Hammarstrom, L 1996 Passive immunity against diarrhoea. Acta Paediatrica 85 125128
Chen, JC, Huang, LJ, Wu, SL, Kuo, SC, Ho, TY & Hsiang, CY 2007 Ginger and its bioactive component inhibit enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin-induced diarrhea in mice. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 55 83908397
Dominguez, E, Perez, MD & Calvo, M 1997 Effect of heat treatment on the antigen-binding activity of anti-peroxidase immunoglobulins in bovine colostrum. Journal of Dairy Science 80 31823187
Dominguez, E, Perez, MD, Puyol, P, Sanchez, L & Calvo, M 2001 Effect of pH on antigen-binding activity of IgG from bovine colostrum upon heating. Journal of Dairy Research 68 511518
Fasano, A & Shea-Donohue, T 2005 Mechanisms of disease: the role of intestinal barrier function in the pathogenesis of gastrointestinal autoimmune diseases. Nature Clinical Practice. Gastroenterology & Hepatology 2 416422
Godden, S, McMartin, S, Feirtag, J, Stabel, J, Bey, R, Goyal, S, Metzger, L, Fetrow, J, Wells, S & Chester-Jones, H 2006 Heat-treatment of bovine colostrum. II: effects of heating duration on pathogen viability and immunoglobulin G. Journal Dairy Science 89 34763483
Huang, XH, Chen, L, Gao, W, Zhang, W, Chen, SJ, Xu, LB & Zhang, SQ 2008 Specific IgG activity of bovine immune milk against diarrhea bacteria and its protective effects on pathogen-infected intestinal damages. Vaccine 26 59735980
Kong, J, Zhang, Z, Musch, MW, Ning, G, Sun, J, Hart, J, Bissonnette, M & Li, YC 2008 Novel role of the vitamin D receptor in maintaining the integrity of the intestinal mucosal barrier. American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology 294 G208–216
Li-Chan, E, Kummer, A, Losso, JN, Kitts, DD & Nakai, S 1995 Stability of bovine immunoglobulins to thermal treatment and processing. Food Research International 28 9–16
Loimaranta, V, Tenovuo, J, Virtanen, S, Marnila, P, Syvaoja, EL, Tupasela, T & Korhonen, H 1997 Generation of bovine immune colostrum against Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus and its effect on glucose uptake and extracellular polysaccharide formation by mutans streptococci. Vaccine 15 12611268
Mainer, G, Sanchez, L, Ena, JM & Calvo, M 1997 Kinetics and thermodynamic parameters for heat denaturation of bovine milk IgG, IgA and IgM. Journal of Food Science 62 10341038
McMartin, S, Godden, S, Metzger, L, Feirtag, J, Bey, R, Stabel, J, Goyal, S, Fetrow, J, Wells, S & Chester-Jones, H 2006 Heat treatment of bovine colostrum. I: effects of temperature on viscosity and immunoglobulin G level. Journal of Dairy Science 89 21102118
Mietens, C, Keinhorst, H, Hilpert, H, Gerber, H, Amster, H & Pahud, JJ 1979 Treatment of infantile E. coli gastroenteritis with specific bovine anti-E. coli milk immunoglobulins. European Journal of Pediatrics 132 239252
Mitra, AK, Mahalanabis, D, Ashraf, H, Unicomb, L, Eeckels, R & Tzipori, S 1995 Hyperimmune cow colostrum reduces diarrhoea due to rotavirus: a double-blind, controlled clinical trial. Acta Paediatrica 84 996–1001
Samadpour, M, Kubler, M, Buck, FC, Depavia, GA, Mazengia, E, Stewart, J, Yang, P & Alfi, D 2002 Prevalence of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in ground beef and cattle feces from King County, Washington. Journal of Food Protection 65 13221325
Shimizu, M, Nagashima, H & Hashimoto, K 1993 Comparative studies in molecular stability of immunoglobulin G from different species. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. B, Comparative Biochemistry 106 255261
Stabel, JR, Hurd, S, Calvente, L & Rosenbusch, RF 2004 Destruction of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis, Salmonella spp., and Mycoplasma spp. in raw milk by a commercial on-farm high-temperature, short-time pasteurizer. Journal of Dairy Science 87 21772183
Tacket, CO, Binion, SB, Bostwick, E, Losonsky, G, Roy, MJ & Edelman, R 1992 Efficacy of bovine milk immunoglobulin concentrate in preventing illness after Shigella flexneri challenge. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 47 276283
Tomita, GM, Nickerson, SC, Owens, WE & Wren, B 1998 Influence of route of vaccine administration against experimental intramammary infection caused by Escherichia coli. Journal of Dairy Science 81 21592164
Xu, LB, Chen, L, Gao, W & Du, KH 2006 Bovine immune colostrum against 17 strains of diarrhea bacteria and in vitro and in vivo effects of its specific IgG. Vaccine 24 21312140

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed