Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Somatic cell counts in relation to infection status of the goat udder

  • Despina Kalogridou-Vassiliadou (a1), Konstantinos Manolkidis (a1) and Afrodite Tsigoida (a1)

Summary

Bacteriological analyses, cell counts using the Fossomatic method and California Mastitis Test were performed on 1523 goat milk samples taken aseptically at monthly intervals throughout lactation from three goat herds. Of the goat udders, 81·4% were infected, minor pathogens being the most frequent isolates (65·7%). Differences in the level of infection by minor pathogens were found betwccn herds. Cell counts were influenced by stage of lactation and intramammary infection. Cell counts < 106 cells/ml were found in 80% of milk samples infected by major pathogens and in 45% infected by minor pathogens. About 81% of udders infected with major pathogens gave California Mastitis Test scores of 2 and 3, compared with 20% for uninfected goats. A high proportion (65%) of udders infected with minor pathogens also produced scores of 2 and 3. A significant positive correlation was found between the California Mastitis Test and cell counts. The use of cell counts for the detection of abnormal goat milk is discussed.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Andrews, R. J., Kitchen, B. J., Kwee, W. S. & Duncalfe, F. 1983 Relationship between individual cowsomatic cell counts and the mastitis infection status of the udder. Australian Journal of Dairy Technology 38 7174
Caruolo, E. V. 1974 Milk yield, composition, and somatic cells as a function of time of day in goats under a continuons lighting regimen. British Veterinary Journal 130 380387
Cullen, G. A. 1968 Cell counts throughout lactation. Physiological variation in the cell count of cows' milk during lactation. Veterinary Record 83 125128
Dulin, A. M., Paape, M. J. & Wergin, W. P. 1982 DifFerentiation and enumeration of somatic cells in goat milk. Journal of Food Protection 45, 435439
Dulin, A. M., Paape, M. J., Schultze, W. D. & Weinland, B. T. 1983 Effect of parity, stage of lactation, and intramammary infection on concentration of somatic cells and cytoplasmic particles in goat milk. Journal of Dairy Science 66 24262433
Griffin, T. K., Dodd, F. H., Neave, F. K., WestGarth, D. R., Kingwill, R. G. & Wilson, G. D. 1977 A method of diagnosing intramammary infection in dairy cows for large experiments. Journal of Dairy Research 44 2545
Grootenhuis, C. 1980 Milk cell count in machine milked dairy goats. Veterinary Quarterly 2 121123
Higgs, T. M. & Bramley, A. J 1981 Laboratory techniques for the examination of milk samples. In Mastitis Contrat and Herd Management pp. 95109 (Eds Bramley, A. J., Dodd, F. H. and Griffin, T. K.). Reading: National Institute for Research in Dairying (NIRD Technical Bulletin no. 4)
Hinckley, L. S. & Williams, L. F. 1981 Diagnosis of mastitis in goats. Veterinary Medicine/Small Animal Clinician 76 711712
Holmberg, O. 1973 Staphylococcus epidermidis isolated from bovine milk. Biochemical properties, phage sensitivity and pathogenicity for the udder. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica(Supplement 45)
Hunter, A. C. 1984 Microflora and somatic cell content of goat milk. Veterinary Record 114 318320
Lerondelle, C. & Poutrel, B. 1984 Characteristics of non-clinical mammary infections of goats. Annales de Recherches Vétérinaires 15 105112
Nesbakken, T. 1976 [The cell count in milk of goats.] Nordisk Veterinærmedicin 28 550556
Okada, M. 1960 Histology of the mammary gland. Vil. Histological and histochemical studies of cells in the milk of domestic animais. Tohoku Journal of Agricultural Research 11 3351.
Paape, M. J., Dulin, A. M., Wergin, W. P., Guidry, A. J. & Weinland, B. T. 1980 Differentiation and enumeration of somatic cells in goat milk. Journal of Dairy Science (Supplement) 63 123124
Park, Y. W. & Humphrey, R. D. 1986 Baeterial cell counts in goat milk and their correlations with somatic cell counts, percent fat, and protein. Journal of Dairy Science 69 3237
Perez, M. & Schultz, L. H. 1979 Somatic cells in goat milk. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the National Mastitis Council 18 4449
Pettersen, K. E. 1981 Cell content in goat's milk. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 22 226237
Poutrel, B. & Lerondelle, C. 1983 Cell content of goat milk: California Mastitis Test, Coulter Counter and Fossomatic for predicting half infection. Journal of Dairy Science 66 25752579
Poutrel, B. & Rainard, P. 1981 California Mastitis Test guide of selective dry cow therapy. Journal of Dairy Science 64 241248
Roguinsky, M., Redon, J. F., Lemans, P., Gendron, H. & Allard, P. 1971 [Causes and diagnosisof mastitis in the goat.] Chèvre 68 45
Sheldrake, R. F., Hoare, R. J. T. & Woodhouse, V. E. 1981 Relationship of somatic cell count and cell volume analysis of goat's milk to intramammary infection with coagulase-negative staphylococci. Journal of Dairy Research 48 393403
Smith, M. C. & Roguinski, M. 1977 Mastitis and other diseases of the goat's udder. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 171 12411248

Somatic cell counts in relation to infection status of the goat udder

  • Despina Kalogridou-Vassiliadou (a1), Konstantinos Manolkidis (a1) and Afrodite Tsigoida (a1)

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed