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Heat stability of milk: interrelationship between assay temperature, pH and agitation

  • Douglas B. Hyslop (a1) and Patrick F. Fox (a1)

Summary

As determined by the standard subjective assay procedure, the minimum in the heat stability–pH curve of milk persisted down to at least 116 °C. However when samples were not agitated during heating the minimum became progressively less pronounced as the assay temperature was lowered and it disappeared at approximately 116 °C. Activation energies (Ea) for unagitated samples were approximately 30 Kcal/mole at pH 6·87 (maximum) and at pH 7·18, throughout the temperature range 116–145 °C and for the pH 6·95 (minimum) sample at 116–125 °C; however Eα for the pH 6.95 sample increased to approximately 100 Kcal/mole in the range 127–135 °C suggesting that some highly temperature-dependent reaction had occurred and caused premature coagulation at certain pH values, i.e. to a heat stability minimum. The stability of concentrated milk (20% total solids) was very low at pH values above 6·9, regardless of whether the samples were agitated or not during heating and the maximum/minimum in the heat stability–pH curve persisted down to at least 90 °C in both agitated and quiescent samples.

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Heat stability of milk: interrelationship between assay temperature, pH and agitation

  • Douglas B. Hyslop (a1) and Patrick F. Fox (a1)

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