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Fatty acid composition and freeze–thaw resistance in lactobacilli

  • ANDREA GÓMEZ ZAVAGLIA (a1), EDGARDO A. DISALVO (a2) and GRACIELA L. DE ANTONI (a1)

Abstract

The fatty acid composition and freeze–thaw resistance of eight strains of thermophilic lactobacilli were studied. Seven of these contained the same polar and neutral lipids, the five major components making up 90% of the cellular fatty acid pool being 14[ratio ]0, 16[ratio ]0, 16[ratio ]1, 18[ratio ]1 and C19 cyclopropane (cyc19[ratio ]0). Strain comparison by means of cluster analysis based on the fatty acid ratios using the overlap coefficient revealed two well defined clusters. One was formed by three strains of species Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis and Lb. delbrueckii subsp. delbrueckii, the other included five strains of the species Lb. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus, Lb. acidophilus and Lb. helveticus. Resistance of strains with a high content of unsaturated fatty acids (66–70%) decreased with increasing cyc19[ratio ]0 concentrations. In contrast, in strains with a low concentration of unsaturated fatty acids (42–49%), increasing cyc19[ratio ]0 levels were associated with increased freeze–thaw resistance.

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Fatty acid composition and freeze–thaw resistance in lactobacilli

  • ANDREA GÓMEZ ZAVAGLIA (a1), EDGARDO A. DISALVO (a2) and GRACIELA L. DE ANTONI (a1)

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