Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Autolysis of Lactobacillus helveticus and Propionibacterium freudenreichii in Swiss cheeses: first evidence by using species-specific lysis markers

  • FLORENCE VALENCE (a1), ROMAIN RICHOUX (a2), ANNE THIERRY (a1), AIRI PALVA (a3) and SYLVIE LORTAL (a1)...

Abstract

Lactobacillus helveticus and Propionibacterium freudenreichii are essential starters in Swiss cheesemaking and the release of their intracellular enzymes through autolysis could significantly influence ripening. To provide evidence of this lysis, cheese made from microfiltered thermized milk inoculated with Lb. helveticus ITGLH77, Prop. freudenreichii ITGP23 and a commercial Streptococcus thermophilus was assayed. Starter viability was determined and lysis was monitored during ripening by protein analysis with SDS-PAGE of aqueous cheese extracts and by immunoblot detection of intracellular proteins: dipeptidase (PepD) for Lb. helveticus and methylmalonyl coenzyme A mutase for Prop. freudenreichii. We verified that the species specificity of these lysis markers was towards the cytoplasms of all the species currently used in Swiss cheese. Lb. helveticus exhibited an almost complete loss of viability (99·9%) from the beginning of ripening in the cold room; concomitantly PepD appeared in the cheese extracts and was detected until the end of ripening. Damaged Lb. helveticus cells were also visualized by scanning electron microscopy. In addition, free PepD was also successfully detected in commercial Swiss-related cheeses. All these results clearly demonstrated the autolysis of Lb. helveticus in Swiss cheese. Prop. freudenreichii ITGP23 grew during warm room ripening and no loss of viability was detected after maximal growth (109 cfu/g cheese). Free methylmalonyl-coenzyme A mutase was detected at the end of ripening during cold storage, when the cheese extracts were concentrated 20-fold, demonstrating that the autolysis of Prop. freudenreichii was tardy and limited.

Copyright

Corresponding author

For correspondence.

Autolysis of Lactobacillus helveticus and Propionibacterium freudenreichii in Swiss cheeses: first evidence by using species-specific lysis markers

  • FLORENCE VALENCE (a1), ROMAIN RICHOUX (a2), ANNE THIERRY (a1), AIRI PALVA (a3) and SYLVIE LORTAL (a1)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed