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All nurses need to be research nurses

  • Patricia Eckardt (a1) (a2), Marilyn J. Hammer (a3), Margaret Barton-Burke (a4) (a5), Margaret McCabe (a6) (a7), Christine T. Kovner (a8) (a9), Liza Behrens (a10), Heather Reens (a11) and Barry S. Coller (a12)...

Abstract

Introduction

Nurses are critical to the research enterprise. However all nurses are not prepared to participate as members of the research team since education and training in clinical research nursing and nurse-specific Good Clinical Practice are not consistently included in nursing curricula. The lack of nurse education and training in clinical research and Good Clinical Practice leaves research participants vulnerable with a nursing workforce that is not prepared to balance fidelity to protocol and patient quality care and safety.

Methods

A collaborative network of nurses within Clinical and Translational Science Awards and beyond was established to address this education and training need. Over a 2-year period, using expert opinion, Delphi methods, and measures of validity and reliability the team constructed curriculum and knowledge test items.

Results

A pilot modular electronic curriculum, including knowledge pretest and post-tests, in clinical research nursing and nurse-specific Good Clinical Practice competencies was developed.

Conclusions

As the scope and setting of clinical research changes, it is likely that all practicing nurses, regardless of their practice setting or specialty, will care for patients on research protocol, making all nurses, in essence, clinical research nurses. The curriculum developed by this protocol will address that workforce education and training need.

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Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in anymedium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Corresponding author

*Address for correspondence: P. Eckardt, Ph.D., R.N., Heilbrunn Family Center for Research Nursing, The Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065, USA. (Email: peckardt@rockefeller.edu)

References

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1. Hastings, CE, Fisher, CA, McCabe, MA. Clinical research nursing: A Critical resource in the national research enterprise. Nursing Outlook 2012; 60: 149156.
2. Ellicot, NP. The future of the trained nurse. Johns Hopkins Nurses Alumnae Magazine 1911; 10: 178181.
3. International Association of Clinical Research Nurses. Clinical Research Nursing Scope and Standards of Practice. Silver Spring, MD: American Nurses Association, 2016.
4. Enhancing Clinical Research Professionals’ Training & Qualifications (ECRPTQ). Training Gaps [Internet], 2015 [cited June 1, 2016]. (http://www.ctsagcp.org/uploads/3/9/2/5/39256889/ecrptq_training_gaps_103015_a2.pdf).
5. American Association of Colleges of Nursing. The essentials of baccalaureate education for professional nursing practice [Internet], 2008 [cited June 6, 2017]. (http://www.aacn.nche.edu/education-resources/BaccEssentials08.pdf).

Keywords

All nurses need to be research nurses

  • Patricia Eckardt (a1) (a2), Marilyn J. Hammer (a3), Margaret Barton-Burke (a4) (a5), Margaret McCabe (a6) (a7), Christine T. Kovner (a8) (a9), Liza Behrens (a10), Heather Reens (a11) and Barry S. Coller (a12)...

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