Abrahamsson, N. & Hyltenstam, K. (2009). Age of onset and nativelikeness in a second language: listener perception versus linguistic scrutiny. Language Learning 59, 249–306.
Armon-Lotem, S., Joffe, S., Abutbul-Oz, H., Altman, C. & Walters, J. (2014). Language exposure, ethnolinguistic identity and attitudes in the acquisition of Hebrew as a second language among bilingual preschool children from Russian- and English-speaking backgrounds. In Grüter, T. and Paradis, J. (eds), Input and experience in bilingual development, 77–98. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
Armon-Lotem, S., Walters, J. & Gagarina, N. (2011). The impact of internal and external factors on linguistic performance in the home language and in L2 among Russian–Hebrew and Russian–German preschool children. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 1, 291–317.
Blom, E. & Paradis, J. (2013). Past tense production by English second language learners with and without impairment. Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research 56, 1–14.
Blom, E. & Paradis, J. (2015). Sources of individual differences in the acquisition of tense inflection by English second language learners with and without specific language impairment. Applied Psycholinguistics 36, 953–76.
Blom, E., Paradis, J. & Sorenson Duncan, T. (2012). Effects of input properties, vocabulary size and L1 on the development of third person singular -s in child L2 English. Language Learning 62, 965–94.
Bohman, T., Bedore, L., Peña, E., Mendez-Perez, A. & Gillam, R. (2010). What you hear and what you say: language performance in Spanish–English bilinguals. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism 13, 325–44.
Brown, R. (1973). A first language: the early stages. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Bybee, J. (2010). Language, usage and cognition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Chatterjee, C. & Hadi, A. S. (2006). Regression analysis by example. New York: Wiley.
Chondrogianni, V. & Marinis, T. (2011). Differential effects of internal and external factors on the development of vocabulary, tense morphology and morpho-syntax in successive bilingual children. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 1, 318–42.
Conboy, B. & Thal, D. (2006). Ties between the lexicon and grammar: cross-sectional and longitudinal studies of bilingual toddlers. Child Development 77, 712–35.
DeKeyser, R. (2012). Age effects in second language learning. In Gass, S. & Mackey, A. (eds), The Routledge handbook of second language acquisition, 442–60. New York: Routledge.
Dörnyei, Z. & Skehan, P. (2003). Individual differences in second language learning. In Doughty, C. & Long, M. (eds), The handbook of second language acquisition, 589–630. Oxford: Blackwell.
Dunn, L. & Dunn, D. (2007). Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test–4th edition. San Antonio, TX: Pearson.
Ellis, N. (2008). The dynamics of second language emergence: cycles of language use, language change and language acquisition. Modern Language Journal 92, 232–49.
Flege, J., Munro, M. & MacKay, I. (1995). Factors affecting strength of perceived foreign accent in a language. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 97, 3125–38.
Flege, J., Yeni-Komshian, G. & Liu, S. (1999). Age constraints on second language acquisition. Journal of Memory and Language 41, 78–104.
Gathercole, S. E. (2006). Keynote article: nonword repetition and word learning: the nature of the relationship. Applied Psycholinguistics 27, 513–43.
Gathercole, V. M. (2007). Miami and North Wales, so far and yet so near: a constructivist account of morpho-syntactic development in bilingual children. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism 10, 224–47.
Goldschneider, J. & DeKeyser, R. (2001). Explaining the ‘natural order of L2 morpheme acquisition’ in English: a meta-analysis of multiple determinants. Language Learning 51, 1–50.
Hakuta, K., Bialystok, E. & Wiley, E. (2003). Critical evidence: a test of the critical period hypothesis for second language acquisition. Psychological Science 14, 31–8.
Hakuta, K., Goto Butler, Y. & Witt, D. (2000). How long does it take English learners to attain proficiency? Policy Report, the University of California Linguistic Minority Research Institute. Online: <http://www.stanford.edu/~hakuta/>.
Harley, B. & Hart, D. (1997). Language aptitude and second language proficiency in classroom learners of different starting ages. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 19, 379–400.
Harrell, F. (2001). Regression modeling strategies: with applications to linear models, logistic regression, and survival analysis. New York: Springer-Verlag.
Hoff, E., Welsh, S., Place, S. & Ribot, K. (2014). Properties of dual language input that shape bilingual development and properties of environments that shape dual language input. In Grüter, T. & Paradis, J. (eds), Input and experience in bilingual development, 119–40. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
Jia, G. & Aaronson, D. (2003). A longitudinal study of Chinese children and adolescents learning English in the United States. Applied Psycholinguistics 24, 131–61.
Jia, G. & Fuse, A. (2007). Acquisition of English grammatical morphology by native Mandarin-speaking children and adolescents. Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research 50, 1280–99.
Lin, H. (2001). A grammar of Mandarin Chinese. Muenchen: Lincom Europa.
Lenneberg, E. (1967). Biological foundations of language. New York: Wiley.
Marchman, V. A. & Bates, E. (1994). Continuity in lexical and morphological development: a test of the critical mass hypothesis. Journal of Child Language 12, 339–66.
Marchman, V. A., Martínez-Sussmann, C. & Dale, P. S. (2004). The language-specific nature of grammatical development: evidence from bilingual language learners. Developmental Science 7, 212–24.
Marinis, T. & Chondrogianni, V. (2010). Production of tense marking in successive bilingual children: When do they converge with their monolingual peers? International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology 12, 19–28.
Marinova-Todd, S. H., Marshall, D. B. & Snow, C. E. (2000). Three misconceptions about age and second language acquisition. TESOL Quarterly 34, 9–34.
Masoura, E. V. & Gathercole, S. E. (1999). Phonological short-term memory and foreign language learning. International Journal of Psychology 34, 383–8.
Matthews, S. & Yip, V. (1994). Cantonese: a comprehensive grammar. New York: Routledge.
McDonald, J. (2000). Grammaticality judgments in a second language: influences of age of acquisition and native language. Applied Psycholinguistics 21, 395–423.
McDonald, J. (2008). Grammaticality judgments in children: the role of age, working memory and phonological ability. Journal of Child Language 35, 247–68.
Meisel, J. (2008). Child second language acquisition or successive first language acquisition? In Gavruseva, E. & Haznedar, B. (eds), Current trends in child second language acquisition: a generative perspective, 55–80. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
Meisel, J. (2009). Second language acquisition in early childhood. Zeitschrift für Sprachwissenschaft 28, 5–34.
Montrul, S. (2008). Incomplete acquisition in bilingualism: reexamining the age factor. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Muñoz, C. & Singleton, D. (2011). A critical review of age-related research on L2 ultimate attainment. Language Teaching 44, 1–35.
Paradis, J. (2008). Tense as a clinical marker in English L2 acquisition with language delay/impairment. In Gavruseva, E. & Haznedar, B. (eds), Current trends in child second language acquisition: a generative perspective, 337–56. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
Paradis, J. (2011). Individual differences in child English second language acquisition: comparing child-internal and child-external factors. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 1, 213–37.
Paradis, J., Rice, M., Crago, M. & Marquis, J. (2008). The acquisition of tense in English: distinguishing child L2 from L1 and SLI. Applied Psycholinguistics 29, 1–34.
R Core Team (2013). R: a language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. Online: <http://www.R-project.org/>.
Rice, M. L. & Wexler, K. (1996). Toward tense as a clinical marker of specific language impairment. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research 39, 1236–57.
Rice, M. L. & Wexler, K. (2001). Test of Early Grammatical Impairment. New York: The Psychological Corporation.
Rice, M. L., Wexler, K. & Hershberger, S. (1998). Tense over time: the longitudinal course of tense acquisition in children with specific language impairment. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research 41, 1412–31.
Rice, M. L., Wexler, K. & Redmond, S. (1999). Grammaticality judgments of an extended optional infinitive grammar: evidence from English-speaking children with SLI. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 42 943–61.
Saunders, W. & O'Brien, G. (2006). Oral language. In Genesee, F., Lindholm-Leary, K., Saunders, W. & Christian, D. (eds), Educating English language learners: a synthesis of research evidence, 14–63. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Simon-Cereijido, G. & Gutiérrez-Clellen, V. (2009). A cross-linguistic and bilingual evaluation of the interdependence between lexicon and grammar. Applied Psycholinguistics 30, 315–37.
Sorenson Duncan, T. & Paradis, J. (in press). English language learners’ nonword repetition performance: the influence of L2 vocabulary size, length of L2 exposure and L1 phonology. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research.
Tsimpli, I. M. (2014). Early, late or very late? Timing acquisition and bilingualism. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 4, 283–313.
Unsworth, S. (2013). Assessing age of onset effects in (early) child L2 acquisition. Language Acquisition 20, 74–92.
Unsworth, S., Argyri, F., Cornips, L., Hulk, A. C. J., Sorace, A. & Tsimpli, I. (2014). On the role of age of onset and input in early child bilingualism in Greek and Dutch. Applied Psycholinguistics 35, 765–805.
Wagner, R., Torgesen, J. & Rashotte, C. (1999). Comprehensive Test of Phonological Processing. Austin, TX: Pro-Ed.
Weber-Fox, C. & Neville, H. (1999). Functional neural subsystems are differentially affected by delays in second language immersion: ERP and behavioral evidence in bilinguals. In Birdsong, D. (ed.), Second language acquisition and the critical period hypothesis, 23–38. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.