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The impact of positive parenting behaviors and maternal depression on the features of young children's home language environments

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 November 2019


Amy E. TREAT
Affiliation:
Oklahoma State University, USA
Amanda SHEFFIELD MORRIS
Affiliation:
Oklahoma State University, USA
Jennifer HAYS-GRUDO
Affiliation:
Oklahoma State University, USA
Amy C. WILLIAMSON
Affiliation:
Oklahoma State University, USA
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

This study investigated the associations between maternal depression when infants were 3 to 11 months old (M = 6 months), and positive parenting behaviors when children were between 12 and 22 months (M = 17 months) and the home language environment assessed when children were 18 to 28 months old (M = 23.5 months) in a sample of 29 low-income mother–child dyads. After controlling for maternal education, only teaching behaviors remained a moderate and significant predictor of adult word counts. Observed teaching behaviors significantly predicted conversational turns and marginally predicted child vocalizations; effects sizes were small. Encouraging behaviors were a small and significant predictor of conversational turns and a marginally significant predictor of adult word counts. Maternal depression was a moderate and significant predictor of children's vocal productivity scores and a small, marginal predictor of conversational turns. These findings have important implications for parenting and children's language outcomes.


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Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2019

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