Bergeman, C. S. & Plomin, R. (1988)Parental mediators of the genetic relationship between home environment and infant mental development. Br. J. devl Psychol. 6, 11–19.
Berman, S. M. & Noble, E. P. (1995) Reduced visuospatial performance in children with the D2 dopamine receptor Al allele. Behavior Genetics, 25, 45–58.
Bouchard, T. J. Jr & McGue, M. (1981)Familial studies of intelligence: a review. Science, 212, 1055–1059.
Bradley, R., Caldwell, B., Rock, S., Ramey, C., Barnard, K., Gray, C., Hammond, M., Mitchell, S., Gottfried, A., Siegel, L. & Johnson, D. (1989)Home environment and cognitive development in the first three years of life: a collaborative study involving six sites and three ethnic groups in North America. Devl Psychol. 25, 217–235.
Braungart, J. M. (1994) Genetic influence on ‘environmental’ measures. In: Nature and Nurture During Middle Childhood, pp. 233–248. Edited by DeFries, J. C, Plomin, R & Fulker, D. W.Blackwell, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Braungart, J. M., Plomin, R. & Fulker, D. W. (1992) Genetic influence on the home environment during infancy: a sibling adoption study of the HOME. Devl Psychol. 28, 1048–1055
Burks, B. (1928) The relative influence of nature and nurture upon mental development: a comparative study of foster parent–foster child resemblance and true parent–true child resemblance. Twenty-Seventh Yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education, 27, 219–316.
Caldwell, B. M. & Bradley, R. H. (1978) Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment. University of Arkansas, Little Rock.
Cardon, L. R., Smith, S. D., Fulker, D. W., Kimberling, W. J., Pennington, B. F. & DeFries, J. C. (1994) Quantitative trait locus for reading disability on chromosome 6. Science, 266, 276–279.
Cherny, S. (1994) Home environmental influences on general cognitive ability. In: Nature and Nurture During Middle Childhood, pp. 262–280. Edited by DeFries, J. C., Plomin, R. & Fulker, D. W.Blackwell, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Chipuer, H. M. & Plomin, R.(1992) Using siblings to identify shared and non-shared HOME items. Br. J. devl Psychol. 10, 165–178.
Chipuer, H. M., Rovine, M. & Plomin, R.(1990) LISREL modelling: genetic and environmental influences on IQ revisited. Intelligence, 14, 11–29.
Coon, H., Fulker, D. W., DeFries, J. C. & Plomin, R.(1990) Home environment and cognitive ability of 7-year-old children in the Colorado Adoption Project: genetic and environmental etiologies. Devl Psychol. 26, 459–468.
Corder, E. H., Saunders, A. M., Strittmatter, W. J., Schmechel, D. E., Gaskell, P. C., Small, G. W., Roses, A. D., Haines, J. L. & Pericak-Vance, M. A. (1993) Gene dose of apolipoprotein E type 4 allele and the risk of Alzheimer's disease in late onset families. Science, 261, 921–923.
Darwin, C.(1859) On The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection or The Preservation of Favoured Races in The Struggle for Life. John Murray, London.
Darwin, C.(1892) The Autobiography of Charles Darwin and Selected Letters. Edited by Darwin, F.Dover, London.
Dunn, J. F. & Plomin, R.(1990) Separate Lives: Why Siblings are so Different. Basic Books, New York.
Forrest, D. W. (1974) Francis Galton: The L and Work of a Victorian Genius. Taplinger, New York.
Freeman, F. N., Holzinger, K. J. & Mitchell, B.(1928) The influence of environment on the intelligence, school achievement, and conduct of foster children. Twenty-Seventh Yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education, 27, 103–217.
Fulker, D. W., Cherny, S. S. & Cardon, L. R. (1993) Continuity and change in cognitive development. In: Nature, Nurture, and Psychology, pp. 77–97. Edited by Plomin, R. & McClearn, G. E.American Psychological Association, Washington, DC.
Galton, F.(1869) Hereditary Genius. Macmillan, London. Second edition (1892), reprinted (1962). Collins, London.
Galton, F. (1874) English Men of Science. Their Nature and Nurture. Macmillan, London. Second edition (1970), Frank Cass, London.
Galton, F.(1875) The history of twins, as a criterion of the relative powers of nature and nurture. J. Anthropol. Inst. 5, 391–406.
Galton, F. (1889) Natural Inheritance. Macmillan, London.
Gottfried, A. W. (1984) Home Environment and Early Cognitive Development: Longitudinal Research. Academic Press, New York.
Gottfried, A. E. & Gottfried, A. W. (1984) Home environment and mental development in middle-class children in the first three years. In: Home Environment and Early Cognitive Development: Longitudinal Research, pp. 57–115. Edited by Gottfried, A. W.Academic Press, New York.
James, W.(1890) Principles of Psychology. Holt, New York.
Keynes, M.(1993) Sir Francis Galton, FRS: The Legacy of His Ideas. Macmillan, London.
Leahy, A. M. (1935) Nature—nurture and intelligence. Genet. Psychol. Monogr. 17, 236–308.
Loehlin, J. C. (1989) Partitioning environmental and genetic contributions to behavioral development. Am. Psychol. 44, 1285–1292.
Loehlin, J. C., Horn, J. M. & Willerman, L.(1989) Modeling IQ change: evidence from the Texas Adoption Project. Child Dev. 60, 993–1004.
Luo, D., Petrill, S. A. & Thompson, L. A. (1994) An exploration of genetic g: hierarchical factor analyses of cognitive data from the Western Reserve Twin Project. Intelligence, 18, 335–348
McCartney, K., Harris, M. J. & Bernieri, F.(1990) Growing up and growing apart: a developmental meta-analysis of twin studies. Psychol. Bull. 107, 226–237
McGue, M., Bouchard, T. J. Jr, Iacono, W. G. & Lykken, D. T. (1993) Behavioral genetics of cognitive ability: a life-span perspective. In: Nature, Nurture and Psychology, pp. 59–76 Edited by Plomin, R. & McClearn, G. E.. American Psychological Association, Washington, DC.
Pedersen, N. L., Plomin, R. & McClearn, G. E. (1994) Is there G beyond g? (Is there genetic influence on specific cognitive abilities independent of genetic influence on general cognitive ability?) Intelligence, 18, 133–143
Petrill, S. A., Plomin, R., McClearn, G. E., Smith, D. L., Vignetti, S., Chorney, M. J., Chorney, K., Kasarda, S., Thompson, L. A., Detterman, D. K., Daniels, J., Owen, M. J. & McGuffin, P. (in press) No association between general cognitive ability and the TAQI Al allele at the dopamine D2 receptor gene. Behavior Genetics.
Petrill, S. A., Thompson, L. A. & Detterman, D. K. (1995) The genetic and environmental variance underlying elementary cognitive tasks. Behavior Genet. 25, 199–209
Plomin, R. (1988) The nature and nurture of cognitive abilities. In: Advances in the Psychology of Human Intelligence, Vol. 4, pp. 1–33 Edited by Sternberg, R.. Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ.
Plomin, R.(1994) Genetics and Experience: The Developmental Interplay Between Nature and Nurture. Sage, Newbury Park, California.
Plomin, R. (1995) Molecular genetics and psychology. Curr. Direct. Psychol. Sci. 4, 114–117
Plomin, R., Chipuer, H. M. & Neiderhiser, J. M. (1994) Behavioral genetic evidence for the importance of nonshared environment. In: Separate Social Worlds of Siblings, pp. 1–31 Edited by Hetherington, E. M., Reiss, D. & Plomin, R.. Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ.
Plomin, R. & Daniels, D. (1987) Why are children in the same family so different from each other? Behav. Brain Sci. 10, 1–16
Plomin, R. & DeFries, J. C. (1980) Genetics and intelligence: recent data. Intelligence, 4, 15–24
Plomin, R. & DeFries, J. C. (1985) Origins of Individual Differences in Infancy: The Colorado Adoption Project. Academic Press, New York.
Plomin, R., DeFries, J. C. & Fulker, D. W. (1988) Nature and Nurture during Infancy and Early Childhood. Cambridge University Press, New York.
Plomin, R., DeFries, J. C. & Loehlin, J. C. (1977) Genotype–environment interaction and correlation in the analysis of human behavior. Psychol. Bull. 84, 309–322
Plomin, R., DeFries, J. C. & McClearn, G. E. (1990) Behavioral Genetics. A Primer, 2nd edn.Freeman, New York.
Plomin, R., Loehlin, J. C. & DeFries, J. C. (1985) Genetic and environmental components of “environmental” influences. Devl Psychol. 21, 391–402
Plomin, R., McClearn, G. E., Pedersen, N. L., Nesselroade, J. R. & Bergeman, C. S. (1989) Genetic influence on adults' ratings of their current family environment. J. Marr. & Fam. 51, 791–803
Plomin, R., McClearn, G. E.. Smith, D. L., Skuder, P., Vignetti, S., Chorney, M. J.. Chorney, K., Kasarda, S., Thompson, L. A., Detterman, D. K., Daniels, J., Owen, M. J. & McGuffin, P. (1995) Allelic associations between 100 DNA markers and high versus low IQ. Intelligence, 21, 31–48
Plomin, R., Owen, M. J. & McGuffin, P. (1994) The genetic basis of complex human behaviors. Science, 264, 1733–1739
Plomin, R. & Petrill, S. A. (in press) Genetics and intelligence: what's new? Intelligence,
Rice, T., Fulker, D. W., DeFries, J. C. & Plomin, R. (1988) Path analysis of IQ during infancy and early childhood and an index of home environment in the Colorado Adoption Project. Intelligence, 12, 27–45
Rowe, D. C. (1994) The Limits of Family Influence: Genes, Experience, and Behavior. Guilford Press, New York.
Russell, A. & Russell, G. (1992) Child effects in socialization research: some conceptual and analysis issues. Social Dev. 1, 163–184
Scarr, S. (1992) Developmental theories for the 1990s: development and individual differences. Child Dev. 63, 1–19
Scarr, S. & McCartney, K. (1983) How people make their own environments: a theory of genotype→environment effects. Child Dev. 54, 424–435
Scarr, S. & Weinberg, R. (1978) The influence of “family environment” on intellectual attainment. Am. Sociol. Rev. 43, 674–692
Snyderman, M. & Rothman, S. (1988) The IQ controversy: The Media and Public Policy. Transaction, New Brunswick, NJ.
Thompson, L. A., Detterman, D. K. & Plomin, R. (1991) Associations between cognitive abilities and scholastic achievement: genetic overlap but environmental differences. Psychol. Sci. 2, 158–165
Vernon, P. A. (Ed.) (1993) Biological Approaches to the Study of Human Intelligence. Ablex, Norwood, NJ.
Wachs, T. D. (1993) The nature—nurture gap: what we have here is a failure to collaborate. In: Nature, Nurture and Psychology, pp. 375–391 Edited by Plomin, R. & McClearn, G. F.. American Psychological Association, Washington, DC.
Wachs, T. D. & Gruen, G. (1982) Early Experience and Human Development. Plenum, New York.
Yeates, K. O., MacPhee, D., Campbell, F. A. & Ramey, C. T. (1983) Maternal IQ and home environment as determinants of early childhood intellectual competence: a developmental analysis. Devl Psychol. 19, 731–739