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Urban-rural fertility differentials in Pakistan

  • Farhat Yusuf (a1) and Robert D. Retherford (a1)


This paper examines urban-rural differences in the fertility of Pakistani women, as shown by the 1975 Pakistan Fertility Survey, part of the World Fertility Survey. The urban fertility rates were slightly higher than the rural rates. Urban marital fertility exceeded rural marital fertility at the younger reproductive ages, mainly on account of shorter duration of breast-feeding, which reduces birth intervals, but fell below it at the older reproductive ages. The beginnings of parity-specific birth control are discernible at the older reproductive ages in urban areas.



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