Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Fertility decline in Tanzania

  • Akim J. Mturi (a1) and P. R. Andrew Hinde (a1)

Summary

According to the 1991/92 Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey, a Tanzanian woman has, on average, 6·1 births before she reaches age 50, a decline of about one birth per woman since the early 1980s. The major proximate determinant of fertility is universal and prolonged breastfeeding. An analysis of the social and demographic correlates of fertility shows that infant and child mortality, level of education and age at first marriage are among the factors which significantly influence fertility in Tanzania.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Arnold, F. (1991) An assessment of data quality in the Demographic and Health Surveys. In: chapter-titleProceedings of the Demographic and Health Survey World Conference, Vol. 2 II. Washington, DC.
Arnold, F. & Blanc, A. K. (1990) Fertility Levels and Trends. Demographic and Health Surveys Comparative Studies, No. 2. Columbia, Maryland, USA.
Bongaarts, J. (1978) A framework for analyzing the proximate determinants of fertility. Popul. Dev. Rev. 4, 1.
Bongaarts, J. & Potter, R. G. (1983) Fertility, Biology and Behavior: An Analysis of the Proximate Determinants. Academic Press, New York.
Brass, W. (1977) The assessment of the validity of fertility trend estimates from maternity histories. In: Proceedings of the International Population Conference, Mexico. IUSSP, Liége.
Bureau of Statistics (1991) 1988 Population Census: National Profile—Summary. Dar es Salaam, The United Republic of Tanzania.
Caldwell, J. C. & Caldwell, P. (1987) The cultural context of high fertility in sub-Saharan Africa. Popul. Dev. Rev. 13, 3.
Caldwell, J. C., Orubuloye, I. O. & Caldwell, P. (1992) Fertility decline in Africa: a new type of transition? Popul. Dev. Rev. 18, 2.
Cochrane, S. H. (1979) Fertility and Education: What Do We Really Know? Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA.
Cochrane, S. H. & Farid, S. M. (1989) Fertility in sub-Saharan Africa: Analysis and Explanation. World Bank Discussion Papers, No. 43. World Bank, Washington, DC.
Egero, B. & Henin, R. A. (1973) Fertility. In: The Population of Tanzania: An Analysis of the 1967 Population Census, Vol. 6. Edited by Egero, B & Henin, R.A.. BRALUP and Central Statistical Bureau Dar es Salaam.
Frank, O. & McNicoll, G. (1987) An interpretation of fertility and population policy in Kenya. Popul. Dev. Rev. 13, 2.
Grabill, W. H. & Cho, L. J. (1965) Methodology for the measurement of current fertility from population data on young children. Demography. 2, 1.
Justesen, A., Kapiga, S. H. & Henri, A. G. A. (1992) Abortions in a hospital setting: hidden realities in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Stud. Fam. Plann. 23, 5.
Ngallaba, S. A. M. (1983) Fertility levels. In: 1978 Population Census, Vol. 8. Bureau of Statistics, Dar es Salaam.
Ngallaba, S., Kapiga, S. H., Ruyobya, I. & Boerma, J. T. (1993) Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey 1991/1992. Bureau of Statistics, Dar es Salaam, and Macro International, Maryland.
Planning Commission (1992). National Population Policy. President's Office, United Republic of Tanzania.
Robinson, W. C. (1992) Kenya enters the fertility transition. Popul. Stud. 46, 3.
Rutenberg, N. & Diamond, I. (1993) Fertility in Botswana: the recent decline and future prospects. Demography. 30, 2.
United Nations (1967) Methods of Estimating Basic Demographic Measures from Incomplete Data—Manual IV. ST/SOA/Series A/42. UN, New York.
United Nations (1983) Indirect Techniques for Demographic Estimation—Manual X. ST/ESA/ SER.A/81. UN, New York.
van, de Walle E. & Foster, A. D. (1990) Fertility Decline in Africa: Assessment and Prospects.World Bank, Washington, DC.

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Fertility decline in Tanzania

  • Akim J. Mturi (a1) and P. R. Andrew Hinde (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.