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Comparison of multivariate risks and positive dependence

  • Ludger Rüschendorf (a1)


In this paper we extend some recent results on the comparison of multivariate risk vectors with respect to supermodular and related orderings. We introduce a dependence notion called the ‘weakly conditional increasing in sequence order’ that allows us to conclude that ‘more dependent’ vectors in this ordering are also comparable with respect to the supermodular ordering. At the same time, this ordering allows us to compare two risks with respect to the directionally convex order if the marginals increase convexly. We further state comparison criteria with respect to the directionally convex order for some classes of risk vectors which are modelled by functional influence factors. Finally, we discuss Fréchet bounds with respect to Δ-monotone functions when multivariate marginals are given. It turns out that, in the case of multivariate marginals, comonotone vectors no longer yield necessarily the largest risks but, in some cases, may even be vectors which minimize risk.


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Postal address: Department of Mathematical Stochastics, University of Freiburg, Eckerstr. 1, D-79104 Freiburg, Germany. Email address:


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