Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Ratio of plant to soil concentrations of strontium-85 and its relation to properties of Greek soils

  • E. P. Papanicolaou (a1), C. G. Apostolakis (a1), V. Skarlou (a1), C. Nobeli (a1) and P. Kritidis (a2)...

Summary

Plant:soil ratios (CRs) of 85Sr concentration were studied in wheat, lucerne, lettuce, radish, string bean (Phaseolus vulgaris), and cucumber grown in pots in eight Greek soil types in a glasshouse pot experiment in 1989.

The CRs of the crops and of the plant parts studied differed according to soil type. They ranged from 0·034–1·39 for wheat grains to 7·6–36·5 for cucumber stems and leaves. The CRs of the edible parts were much lower than those of the other plant material.

The correlation between CRs and clay content was negative and, in most cases, significant (P = 0·05–0·01) or highly significant (P < 0·01). The negative correlation improved (higher absolute value of r, lower variability) if clay plus silt content or cation exchange capacity was used instead of clay content.

The correlation between CRs and soil properties was greatest for soil pH (r = –0·89) and decreased in the order: pH > total clay plus silt ≃ cation exchange capacity > total clay.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Bower, C. A., Reitemeier, R. F. & Fireman, M. (1952). Exchangeable cation analysis of saline and alkali soils. Soil Science 73, 251261.
Comar, C. L. (1965). Movement of fallout radionuclides through the biosphere and man. Annual Review of Nuclear Science 15, 175206.
Gammon, N. Jr, Henderson, J. R., Carrigan, R. A., Caldwell, R. E., Leighty, R. G. & Smith, F. B. (1953). Physical spectrographic and chemical analyses of some virgin Florida soils. Bulletin, University of Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, No. 524. 130 pp.
Heine, K. & Wiechen, A. (1979). Studies on the transfer factors of Sr-90 and further fallout radionuclides in the foodchain soil-plant-milk in the surroundings of Gorleben. Kieler Milchwirtschaftliche Forschungsberichte 31, 283295 [in German].
International Union Of Radioecologists (1985). IVth Report of the Work Group on Soil-to-Plant Transfer Factors. Report prepared by RIVM, P.O. Box 1, 3720 BA Bilthoven, Netherlands.
Nelson, D. W. & Sommers, L. E. (1982). Total carbon, organic carbon, and organic matter. Chapter 29 in Methods of Soil Analysis (Eds Page, A. L., Miller, R. H. & Keeney, D. R.). Madison, WI, USA: Soil Science Society of America.
Peterson, H. T. Jr, (1983). Terrestrial and aquatic foodchain pathways. Chapter 4 in Radiological Assessment (Eds Till, R. E. & Meyer, H. R.) NUREG/CR-3332 ORNL-5968. Washington, DC: US Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
Russell, R. S. (1963). The extent and consequences of the uptake by plants of radioactive nuclides. Annual Review of Plant Physiology 24, 271294.
Weller, H. (1981). Soil to plant transfer factors of strontium-90 and cesium-137. Landwirtschaftliche Untersuchungs und Forschungsanstalt Speyer 38, 730735 [in German].

Ratio of plant to soil concentrations of strontium-85 and its relation to properties of Greek soils

  • E. P. Papanicolaou (a1), C. G. Apostolakis (a1), V. Skarlou (a1), C. Nobeli (a1) and P. Kritidis (a2)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed