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Plant and animal responses of elephant grass pasture-based systems mixed with pinto peanut

  • A. C. Vieira (a1), C. J. Olivo (a2), C. B. Adams (a3), J. C. Sauthier (a3), L. R. Proença (a3), M. D. F. A. de Oliveira (a3), P. B. dos Santos (a3), H. P. Schiafino (a3), T. J. Tonin (a2), G. L. de Godoy (a3), M. Arrial (a3) and L. G. Casagrande (a3)...

Abstract

The effects of growing pinto peanut mixed with elephant grass-based pastures are still little known. The aim of the current research was to evaluate the performance of herbage yield, nutritive value of forage and animal responses to levels of pinto peanut forage mass mixed with elephant grass in low-input systems. Three grazing systems were evaluated: (i) elephant grass-based (control); (ii) pinto peanut, low-density forage yield (63 g/kg of dry matter – DM) + elephant grass; and (iii) pinto peanut, high-density dry matter forage yield (206 g/kg DM) + elephant grass. The experimental design was completely randomized with the three treatments (grazing systems) and three replicates (paddocks) in split-plot grazing cycles. Forage samples were collected to evaluate the pasture and animal responses. Leaf blades of elephant grass and the other companion grasses of pinto peanut were collected to analyse the crude protein, in vitro digestible organic matter and total digestible nutrients. The pinto peanut, high-density dry matter forage yield + elephant grass treatment was found to give the best results in terms of herbage yield, forage intake and stocking rate, as well as having higher crude protein contents for both elephant grass and the other grasses, followed by pinto peanut with low-density forage yield + elephant grass and finally elephant grass alone. Better results were found with the grass–legume system for pasture and animal responses.

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Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: A. C. Vieira, E-mail: alinecardosovieira@yahoo.com.br

References

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