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Irrigation and water use in leafless peas (Pisum sativum)

  • S. N. Silim (a1), P. D. Hebblethwaite (a1) and C. Jones (a1)

Summary

Field trials at the University of Nottingham, UK, in 1979 and 1980 investigated the effect of moisture stress on the growth and yield of the leafless dried pea Filby. In the absence of drought, the crop photosynthetic area was increased and maturity delayed. Seed yield was increased by the production of a greater number of reproductive nodes and a reduced abortion of flowers and pods.

In the second season, two sowing dates were also tested. Later sowing reduced the seed yield under the high and low moisture treatments by 14 and 33% respectively, due to an increased abortion of flowers and pods. The high moisture treatment reduced the water use efficiency (WUE) in this season and WUE was lower for the later sown crops, but there was no effect on WUE in the previous season.

The seed yield and water use of pot-grown leafless peas were lower than were those of a nearisogenic line of leafed peas. Moisture stress reduced the yield of both phenotypes but the effect on the leafless pea was greater. Moisture stress imposed at flowering reduced yields more than it did at pod filling and there was an additive effect of moisture stress at both times.

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Irrigation and water use in leafless peas (Pisum sativum)

  • S. N. Silim (a1), P. D. Hebblethwaite (a1) and C. Jones (a1)

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