Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Ileal apparent digestibilities of amino acids, growth and tissue deposition in growing pigs fed low glucosinolate rapeseed meals

  • T. G. Rowan (a1) and T. L. J. Lawrence (a1)

Summary

A factorially designed growth and carcass dissection experiment was made in which a low glucosinolate rapeseed meal (cv. Tower, TRSM) was compared with soya-bean meal (SBM) as the sole protein supplement in simple diets, containing barley and a vitamin and mineral supplement (to give 18 mg copper/kg air-dry diet) only, which were fed individually on a restricted scale of feeding to 72 pigs. The diets were of similar digestible energy (DE) content and were formulated to contain in each kg of air-dry matter 150, 170 and 190 g crude protein. In each crude-protein level the total lysine content was similar. Also experiments using 35 pigs were made to determine the ileal apparent digestibilities of amino acids in barley-based diets containing SBM, the low glucosinolate rapeseed meals Erglu (ERSM) and TRSM and a high glucosinolate British rapeseed meal (BRSM) and either 20 mg or 200 mg copper/kg air-dry diet.

In the growth experiments there were no significant interactions for the variables considered. Pigs given TRSM diets, compared with those given SBM diets, had significantly poorer growth rates, conversion efficiencies and killing-out proportions but the proportions of lean and fat in carcasses and the backfat thicknesses (P2) were similar. There were no significant differences between protein levels in the killing-out proportions, the proportions of fat in carcasses and backfat thicknesses (P2) but pigs given diets containing 150 g, compared with 170 and 190 g, crude protein/kg air-dry diet had significantly lower growth rates and proportions of lean in the carcass and significantly poorer efficiencies of food conversion. The quantities of dietary crude protein used to produce units of live-weight gain, carcass weight and lean tissue increased progressively from the diets containing 150 to 170 to 190 g crude protein in each kg air-dry diet.

In the ileal digestibility studies the results indicated that amino acids were of a lower digestibility in the rapeseed meal diets than in those based on SBM and that the copper content of the diet may have been important in this context.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Agricultural Research Council (1981). The Nutrient Requirements of Pigs. Slough, England: Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux.
Batterham, B. S., Murison, R. D. & Lewis, C. E. (1978). An evaluation of total lysine as a predictor of lysine status in protein concentrates for growing pigs. British Journal of Nutrition 40, 2328.
Bell, J. M. (1975). Nutritional value of low glucosinolate rapeseed meal for swine. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 55, 6170.
Bell, J. M., McCuaig, L. W. & Shires, A. (1980). Effect of supplementary iodine, iodinated casein lysine and methionine on the nutritive value of Tower Canola meal for swine. In Sixth Progress Report, Research on Canola Seed, Oil, Meal and Meal Fractions, Canola Council of Canada, Manitoba, Canola Council of Canada, Publication no. 57, pp. 182185.
Bell, J. M. & Shires, A. (1982). Composition and digestibility by pigs of hull fractions from rapeseed cultivars with yellow or brown seed coats. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 62, 557565.
Bourdon, D., Perez, J. M. & Baudet, J. J. (1981). Utilization de nouveaux types de tourteaux de coiza par le pore en crois sancfinition: influence des glucosinolates et du dépelliculage. Journies de la Recherche Porcine en France 13, 163178.
Bowland, J. P. (1974). Comparison of low glucosinolate rapeseed meal, commercial rapeseed meal and soybean meal as protein supplements for growing pigs. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 54, 679685.
Bowland, J. P. (1975). Evaluation of low glucosinolate – low eruoio acid rapeseed meals as protein supplements for young growing pigs, including effects on blood serum constituents. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 55, 409419.
Bowland, J. P. & Hardin, R. T. (1973). Rapeseed meal as a partial replacement for soybean meal in the diets of growing gilts and of sows for up to three reproductive cycles. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 53, 355363.
Bowland, J. P. & Schuld, F. W. (1968). Rapeseed meal as a replacement for soybean meal in diets of progeny from sows fed either protein supplement. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 48, 189197.
Braude, R. (1965). Copper as a growth stimulant in growing pigs. In Cuprum Pro Vita Symposium Transactions pp. 5566. London: Copper Development Association.
Castell, A. G. & Bowland, J. P. (1968). Supplemental copper for swine: growth, digestibility and carcass measurements. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 48, 403413.
Cho, C. Y. & Bayley, H. H. (1970). Evaluations of rapeseed and soybean meals as protein sources for swine: apparent digestibilities of amino acid. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 50, 521528.
Clandinin, D. R., Robblee, A. R., Slinger, S. J. & Bell, J. M. (1978). Composition of Canadian rapeseed meal. In Canadian Rapeseed Meal, Poultry and Animal Feeding. Rapeseed Association of Canada, Manitoba, Canada, Publication no. 51, pp. 811.
Cuthbertson, A. (1968). PIDA dissection techniques. Proceedings of a Symposium on Methods of Carcass Evaluation. Dublin: European Association of Animal Production.
Dierick, N. A., Vervaeke, I. J., Decuypere, J. A. &, Henderickx, H. K. (1986). Influence of the gut flora and of some growth-promoting feed additives on nitrogen metabolism in pigs. 1. Studies in vitro. Livestock Production Science 14, 161176.
Dransfield, E., Nute, G. R., Mottram, D. S., Rowan, T. G. & Lawrence, T. L. J. (1985). Pork quality from pigs fed on low glucosinolate rapeseed meal: influence of level in the diet, sex and ultimate pH. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 36, 546556.
Eggum, B. O. & Christensen, K. D. (1975). Influence of tannin on protein utilization in feedstuifs with special reference to barley. In Breeding for Seed Protein Improvement using Nuclear Techniques. Proceedings of the Research Co-ordinating Meeting, Ibadan, 1973, pp. 135143. Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency.
Grosjean, F. & Lavorel, O. (1984). Utilisation du tourteaux de coiza simple zéro par le pore charcutier. Journiea de la Recherche Porcine en France 16, 417422.
Holmes, J. H. G., Bayley, H. S., Leadbeater, P. A. & Horney, F. D. (1974). Digestion of protein in small and large intestine of pigs. British Journal of Nutrition 32, 479489.
Just, A. (1982). The influence of crude fibre from cereals on the net energy value of diets for growing pigs. Livestock Production Science 9, 569580.
Kempster, A. J. & Evans, D. G. (1979). A comparison of different predictors of the lean content of pig carcasses. 1. Predictors for use in commercial classification and grading. Animal Production 28, 8796.
Kirchgessner, M., Beyer, M. G. & Steinhart, H. (1976). Activation of pepsin (EC 3.4.4.1) by heavy metal ions including a contribution to the mode of action of copper sulphate in pig nutrition. British Journal of Nutrition 36, 1522.
Laplace, J. P. & Borgida, L. P. (1976). Problemes physiologiques posés par la fistulation réentrante chronique de l'itéon chez le pore, Étude bibliographique et expérimentale. Annales de Zootechnie 25, 361371.
Livingstone, R. M. (1980). Some dietary factors affecting digestive efficiency and sites of nutrient absorption in the pig. Ph.D. thesis, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen.
Livingstone, R. M., Baird, B. A., Atkinson, T. & Crofts, R. M. J. (1980). Circadian variation in the apparent digestibility of diets measured at the terminal ileum in pigs. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 94, 399405.
Low, A. G. (1980). Nutrient absorption in pigs. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 31, 10871130.
McKinnon, P. J. & Bowland, J. P. (1977). Comparison of low glucosinolate-low erucic acid rapeseed. meal (cv. Tower), commercial rapeseed meal and soybean meal as sources of protein for starting, growing and finishing pigs and young rats. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 57, 663678.
McLeod, M. N. (1974). Plant tannins – their role in forage quality. Nutrition Abstracts and Reviews 44, 803815.
Manns, J. G. & Bowland, J. P. (1963). Solventextracted rapeseed oil meal as a protein source for pigs and rats. II. Nitrogen digestibility and retention: and energy and dry matter digestibility. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 43, 264270.
Moody, D. L., Slinger, S. J. & Bowman, G. H. (1977). Value of low glucosinolate rapeseed meal for growing and finishing pigs. In 5th Progress Report, Research on Rapeseed, Oil, Meal and Meal Products, Rapeseed Association of Canada and Department of Industry Trade and Commerce, Ottawa, Publication no. 50, pp. 178180.
O'Connor, J. J. (1980). Mechanisms of growth promoters in single-stomach animals. In Growth in Animals (ed. Lawrence, T. L. J.), pp. 207227. London: Butterworths.
Omole, T. A. & Bowland, J. P. (1974). Copper, iron and manganese supplementation of pig diets containing either soybean meal or low glucosinolate rapeseed meal. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 54, 481493.
Rérat, A. (1972). Protein nutrition and metabolism in the growing pig. Nutrition Abstracts and Reviews 42, 1339.
Rérat, A. (1978). Digestion and absorption of carbohydrates and nitrogenous matters in the hindgut of omnivorous non-ruminant animals. Journal of Animal Science 46, 18081837.
Rowan, T. G. (1983). Studies on the utilization of low glucosinolate rapeseed meals in the growing pig. Ph.D. thesis, University of Liverpool, Liverpool.
Rowan, T. G. & Lawkence, T. L. J. (1986a). Growth and metabolism studies in growing pigs given diets containing a low gluoosinolate rapeseed meal. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 107, 483492.
Rowan, T. G. & Lawrence, T. L. J. (1986b). Effects on nutritive value for growing pigs of pelleting diets containing low glucosinolate rapeseed meals. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 107, 735737.
Sauer, W. C. & Cichon, R. M. (1980). Amino acid availabilities in rapeseed meal. In The 59th Annual Feeders' Day Report, Agricultural and Forestry Bulletin, pp. 8990. Edmonton, Canada: The University of Alberta.
Sauer, W. C., Cichon, R. M. & Jørgensen, (1981). Amino acid availabilities in barley-based Canola meal and soybean meal diets for pigs. In The 60th Annual Feeders' Day Report, Agricultural and Forestry Bulletin, pp. 1819. Edmonton, Canada: The University of Alberta.
Sauer, W. C., Cichon, R. & Misir, R. (1982). Amino acid availability and protein quality of Canola and rapeseed meal for pigs and rats. Journal of Animal Science 54, 292301.
Sauer, W. C., Stothers, S. C. & Parker, R. J. (1977). Apparent and true availabilities of amino acids in wheat and milling by-products for growing pigs. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 57, 775784.
Sauer, W. C., Stothers, S. C. & Phillips, G. D. (1977). Apparent availabilities of amino acids in corn, wheat and barley for growing pigs. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 57, 585597.
Singham, D. R. & Lawrence, T. L. J. (1979). Acceptability and nitrogen utilization of Tower and Erglu rapeseed meals by the growing pig. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 30, 2126.
Snedecor, G. W. & Cochran, W. G. (1980). Statistical Methods, 7th ed.Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University Press.
Taverner, M. R., Hume, I. D. & Farrell, D. J. (1981). Availability to pigs of amino acids in cereal grains. 1. Endogenous levels of amino acids in ileal digesta and faeces of pigs given cereal diets. British Journal of Nutrition 46, 149158.
Taverner, M. R. & Rayner, C. T. (1975). An assessment of the nutritive value of vegetable protein meals for growing pigs using Silcock available lysine values. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture and Animal Husbandry 15, 626630.
Thomke, S., Elwinger, K., Rundgren, M. & Ahlstrom, B. (1983). Rapeseed meal of Swedish lowglucosinolate type fed to broiler chickens, laying hens and growing-finishing pigs. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica 33, 7596.
Wetter, L. R. (1965). The chemical composition of rapeseed meal. In Rapeseed Meal for Livestock and Poultry – A Review, Canadian Department of Agriculture, Publication no. 1257, pp. 2232.
Zebrowska, T., Buraczewska, L., Pastuszewska, B., Chamberlain, A. G. & Buraczewski, S. (1978). Effect of diet and method of collection on amino acid composition of ileal digesta and digestibility of nitrogen and amino acids in pigs. Roczniki Nauk Rolniczych 99 (B), 7583.

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Ileal apparent digestibilities of amino acids, growth and tissue deposition in growing pigs fed low glucosinolate rapeseed meals

  • T. G. Rowan (a1) and T. L. J. Lawrence (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.