Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Detection of quantitative trait loci for wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) heading and flowering date

  • C. H. Zhao (a1), H. Sun (a1), C. Liu (a2), G. M. Yang (a3), X. J. Liu (a1), Y. P. Wang (a1), F. X. Lv (a1), C. Y. Wu (a1), J. W. Xu (a1), Y. Z. Wu (a1) and F. Cui (a1)...

Abstract

Heading date (HD) and flowering date (FD) are critical for yield potential and stability, so understanding their genetic foundation is of great significance in wheat breeding. Three related recombinant inbred line populations with a common female parent were developed to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) for HD and FD in four environments. In total, 25 putative additive QTL and 20 pairwise epistatic effect QTL were detected in four environments. The additive QTL were distributed across 17 wheat chromosomes. Of these, QHd-1A, QHd-1D, QHd-2B, QHd-3B, QHd-4A, QHd-4B and QHd-6D were major and stable QTL for HD. QFd-1A, QFd-2B, QFd-4A and QFd-4B were major and stable QTL for FD. In addition, an epistatic interaction test showed that epistasis played important roles in controlling wheat HD and FD. Genetic relationships between HD/FD and five yield-related traits (YRTs) were characterized and ten QTL clusters (C1–C10) simultaneously controlling YRTs and HD/FD were identified. The present work laid a genetic foundation for improving yield potential in wheat molecular breeding programmes.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: F. Cui, E-mail: sdaucf@126.com
Y. Z. Wu E-mail: yongzhenwu@ldu.edu.cn

Footnotes

Hide All
*

These authors have contributed equally to this work.

Footnotes

References

Hide All
Baga, M, Fowler, BD and Chibbar, RN (2009) Identification of genomic regions determining the phenological development leading to floral transition in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Journal of Experimental Botany 60, 35753585.
Beniston, M, Stephenson, DB, Christensen, OB, Ferro, CAT, Frei, C, Goyette, S, Halsnaes, K, Holt, T, Jylhä, K, Koffi, B, Palutikof, J, Schöll, R, Semmler, T and Woth, K (2007) Future extreme events in European climate: an exploration of regional climate model projections. Climatic Change 81(suppl. 1), 7195.
Bogard, M, Jourdan, M, Allard, V, Martre, P, Perretant, MR, Ravel, C, Heumez, E, Orford, S, Snape, J, Griffiths, S, Gaju, O, Foulkes, J and Le Gouis, J (2011) Anthesis date mainly explained correlations between post-anthesis leaf senescence, grain yield, and grain protein concentration in a winter wheat population segregating for flowering time QTLs. Journal of Experimental Botany 62, 36213636.
Boone, C, Bussey, H and Andrews, BJ (2007) Exploring genetic interactions and networks with yeast. Nature Reviews Genetics 8, 437449.
Cockram, J, Jones, H, Leigh, FJ, O'Sullivan, D, Powell, W, Laurie, DA and Greenland, AJ (2007) Control of flowering time in temperate cereals: genes, domestication, and sustainable productivity. Journal of Experimental Botany 58, 12311244.
Cui, F, Zhao, CH, Li, J, Ding, AM, Li, XF, Bao, YG, Li, JM, Ji, J and Wang, HG (2013) Kernel weight per spike: what contributes to it at the individual QTL level? Molecular Breeding 31, 265278.
Cui, F, Zhao, CH, Ding, AM, Li, J, Wang, L, Li, XF, Bao, YG, Li, JM and Wang, HG (2014) Construction of an integrative linkage map and QTL mapping of grain yield-related traits using three related wheat RIL populations. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 127, 659675.
Dubcovsky, J, Lijavetzky, D, Appendino, L and Tranquilli, G (1998) Comparative RFLP mapping of Triticum monococcum genes controlling vernalization requirement. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 97, 968975.
Galiba, G, Quarrie, SA, Sutka, J, Morgounov, A and Snape, JW (1995) RFLP mapping of the vernalization (Vrn1) and frost resistance (Fr1) genes on chromosome 5A of wheat. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 90, 11741179.
Griffiths, S, Simmonds, J, Leverington, M, Wang, Y, Fish, L, Sayers, L, Alibert, L, Orford, S, Wingen, L, Herry, L, Faure, S, Laurie, D, Bilham, L and Snape, J (2009) Meta-QTL analysis of the genetic control of ear emergence in elite European winter wheat germplasm. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 119, 383395.
Hanocq, E, Laperche, A, Jaminon, O, Lainé, AL and Le Gouis, J (2007) Most significant genome regions involved in the control of earliness traits in Bread Wheat, as revealed by QTL meta-analysis. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 114, 569584.
Huang, XQ, Cöster, H, Ganal, MW and Röder, MS (2003) Advanced backcross QTL analysis for the identification of quantitative trait loci alleles from wild relatives of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Theoretical and Applied Genetics 106, 13791389.
Huang, XQ, Cloutier, S, Lycar, L, Radovanovic, N, Humphreys, DG, Noll, JS, Somers, DJ and Brown, PD (2006) Molecular detection of QTLs for agronomic and quality traits in a doubled haploid population derived from two Canadian wheats (Triticum aestivum L.). Theoretical and Applied Genetics 113, 753766.
Iwaki, K, Nishida, J, Yanagisawa, T, Yoshida, H and Kato, K (2002) Genetic analysis of Vrn-B1 for vernalization requirement by using linked dCAPS markers in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Theoretical and Applied Genetics 104, 571576.
Jiang, Y, Schmidt, RH, Zhao, YS and Reif, JC (2017) A quantitative genetic framework highlights the role of epistatic effects for grain-yield heterosis in bread wheat. Nature Genetics 49, 17411746.
Kato, K and Yamagata, H (1998) Method for evaluation of chilling requirement and narrow-sense earliness of wheat cultivars. Japanese Journal of Breeding 38, 172186.
Keim, DL, Welsh, JR and McConnell, RL (1973) Inheritance of photoperiodic heading response in winter and spring cultivars of bread wheat. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 53, 247250.
Kippes, N, Debernardi, JM, Vasquez-Gross, HA, Akpinar, BA, Budak, H, Kato, K, Chao, S, Akhunov, E and Dubcovsky, J (2015) Identification of the VERNALIZATION 4 gene reveals the origin of spring growth habit in ancient wheats from South Asia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 112, E5401E5410.
Kuchel, H, Hollamby, G, Langridge, P, Williams, K and Jefferies, SP (2006) Identification of genetic loci associated with ear-emergence in bread wheat. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 13, 11031112.
Lander, ES and Botstein, D (1989) Mapping mendelian factors underlying quantitative traits using RFLP linkage maps. Genetics 121, 185199.
Law, CN, Worland, AJ and Giorgi, B (1976) The genetic control of ear-emergence time by chromosomes 5A and 5D of wheat. Heredity 36, 4958.
Law, CN, Sutka, J and Worland, AJ (1978) A genetic study of day length response in wheat. Heredity 41, 185191.
Le Gouis, J, Bordes, J, Ravel, C, Heumez, E, Faure, S, Praud, S, Galic, N, Remoué, C, Balfourier, F, Allard, MV and Rousset, M (2012) Genome-wide association analysis to identify chromosomal regions determining components of earliness in wheat. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 124, 597611.
Ma, XQ, Tang, JH, Teng, WT, Yan, JB, Meng, YJ and Li, JS (2007) Epistatic interaction is an important genetic basis of grain yield and its components in maize. Molecular Breeding 20, 4151.
Mackay, TFC (2014) Epistasis and quantitative traits: using model organisms to study gene–gene interactions. Nature Reviews Genetics 15, 2233.
Maphosa, L, Langridge, P, Taylor, H, Chalmers, KJ, Bennett, D, Kuchel, H and Mather, DE (2013) Genetic control of processing quality in a bread wheat mapping population grown in water-limited environments. Journal of Cereal Science 57, 304311.
Mason, RE, Hays, DB, Mondal, S, Ibrahim, AMH and Basnet, BR (2013) QTL for yield, yield components and canopy temperature depression in wheat under late sown field conditions. Euphytica 194, 243259.
Mühleisen, J, Piepho, HP, Maurer, HP, Longin, CFH and Reif, JC (2013) Yield stability of hybrids versus lines in wheat, barley, and triticale. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 127, 309316.
Nelson, JC, Sorrells, ME, Van Deynze, AEV, Lu, YH, Atkinson, M, Bernard, M, Leroy, P, Faris, JD and Anderson, JA (1995) Molecular mapping of wheat: major genes and rearrangements in homoeologous groups 4, 5, and 7. Genetics 141, 721731.
Phillips, PC (2008) Epistasi–the essential role of gene interactions in the structure and evolution of genetic systems. Nature Reviews Genetics 9, 855867.
Roncallo, PF, Cervigni, GL, Jensen, C, Miranda, R, Carrera, AD, Helguera, M and Echenique, V (2012) QTL analysis of main and epistatic effects for flour color traits in durum wheat. Euphytica 185, 7792.
Scarth, R and Law, CN (1983) The location of the photoperiod gene, Ppd2, and an additional genetic factor for ear-emergence time on chromosome 2B of wheat. Heredity 51, 607619.
Snape, JW, Butterworth, K, Whitechurch, E and Worland, AJ (2001) Waiting for fine times: genetics of flowering time in wheat. Euphytica 119, 185190.
Somers, DJ, Isaac, P and Edwards, K (2004) A high-density microsatellite consensus map for bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Theoretical and Applied Genetics 109, 11051114.
Tóth, B, Galiba, G, Fehér, E, Sutka, J and Snape, JW (2003) Mapping genes affecting flowering time and frost resistance on chromosome 5B of wheat. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 107, 509514.
Wang, JP, Wen, W, Hanif, M, Xia, XC, Wang, HG, Liu, SB, Liu, JD, Yang, L, Cao, SH and He, ZH (2016) TaELF3-1DL, a homolog of ELF3, is associated with heading date in bread wheat. Molecular Breeding 36, Article no. 161. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11032-016-0585-5.
Worland, AJ (1996) The influence of flowering time genes on environmental adaptability in European wheats. Euphytica 89, 4957.
Worland, AJ, Börner, A, Korzun, V, Li, WM, Petrovic, S and Sayers, EJ (1998) The influence of photoperiod genes on the adaptability of European winter wheats. Euphytica 100, 385394.
Xu, XY, Bai, GH, Carver, BF and Shaner, GE (2005) A QTL for early heading in wheat cultivar Suwon 92. Euphytica 146, 233237.
Xu, Y, Li, S, Li, L, Zhang, X, Xu, H and An, D (2013) Mapping QTL for salt tolerance with additive, epistatic and QTL X treatment interaction effects at seedling stage in wheat. Plant Breeding 132, 276283.
Yadava, SK, Arumugam, N, Mukhopadhyay, S, Sodhi, YS, Gupta, V, Pental, D and Pradhan, AK (2012) QTL mapping of yield-associated traits in Brassica juncea: meta-analysis and epistatic interactions using two different crosses between east European and Indian gene pool lines. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 125, 15531564.
Yan, L, Loukoianov, A, Tranquilli, G, Helguera, M, Fahima, T and Dubcovsky, J (2003) Positional cloning of the wheat vernalization gene VRN1. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 100, 62636268.
Yan, L, Loukoianov, A, Blechl, A, Tranquilli, G, Ramakrishna, W, SanMiguel, P, Bennetzen, JL, Echenique, V and Dubcovsky, J (2004) The wheat Vrn2 gene is a flowering repressor down-regulated by vernalization. Science 303, 16401644.
Yan, L, Fu, D, Li, C, Blechl, A, Tranquilli, G, Bonafede, M, Sanchez, A, Valarik, M, Yasuda, S and Dubcovsky, J (2006) The wheat and barley vernalization gene VRN3 is an orthologue of FT. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103, 1958119586.
Zadoks, JC, Chang, TT and Konzak, CF (1974) A decimal code for the growth stages of cereals. Weed Research 14, 415421.
Zanke, C, Ling, J, Plieske, J, Kollers, S, Ebmeyer, E, Korzun, V, Argillier, O, Stiewe, G, Hinze, M, Beier, S, Ganal, MW, Röder, MS (2014) Genetic architecture of main effect QTL for heading date in European winter wheat. Frontiers in Plant Science 5, article no. 217. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2014.00217.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

The Journal of Agricultural Science
  • ISSN: 0021-8596
  • EISSN: 1469-5146
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-agricultural-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Type Description Title
UNKNOWN
Supplementary materials

Zhao et al. supplementary material
Table S1

 Unknown (50 KB)
50 KB

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed