Angus, J. F., Cunningham, R. B., Moncur, M. W. & Mackenzie, D. H. (1980). Phasic development in field crops. 1. Thermal response in the seedling phase. Field Crops Research 3, 365–378.
Baker, C. K., Gallagher, J. N. & Monteith, J. L. (1980). Daylength change and leaf appearance in winter wheat. Plant, Cell and Environment 3, 285–287.
Cao, W. & Moss, D. N. (1989). Daylength effect on leaf emergence and phyllochron in wheat and barley. Crop Science 29, 1021–1025.
Cao, W. & Moss, D. N. (1991). Phyllochron change in winter wheat with planting date and environmental changes. Agronomy Journal 83, 396–401.
Cousens, R. D., Weaver, S. E., Martin, T. D., Blair, A. M. & Wilson, J. (1991). Dynamics of competition between wild oats (Avena fatua L.) and winter cereals. Weed Research 31, 203–210.
Dennett, M. D. & Murphy, K. J. (1983). Estimating the probability of applying herbicides at the correct growth stage from weather records. Aspects of Applied Biology 4, Influence of Environmental Factors on Herbicide Performance and Crop and Weed Biology, 521–530.
Fernandez-Quinantilla, J. L., Andujar, J. L. G. & Appleby, A. P. (1990). Characterization of the germination and emergence response to temperature and soil moisture of Avena fatua and A. sterilis. Weed Research 30, 289–295.
Friesen, G. & Olson, P. J. (1953). The effect of 2,4-D on the developmental processes in barley and oats. Canadian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 33, 315–329.
Gallagher, J. N. (1979). Field studies of cereal leaf growth. 1. Initiation and expansion in relation to temperature and ontogeny. Journal of Experimental Botany 30, 625–636.
Hay, R. K. M. & Delecolle, R. (1989). The setting of rates of development of wheat plants at crop emergence: influence of the environment on rates of leaf appearance. Annals of Applied Biology 115, 333–341.
Kirby, E. J. M. & Perry, M. W. (1987). Leaf emergence rates of wheat in a mediterranean environment. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 38, 455–464.
Kirby, E. J. M., Appleyard, M. & Fellowes, G. (1982). Effect of sowing date on the temperature response of leaf emergence and leaf size in barley. Plant, Cell and Environment 5, 477–484.
Kropff, M. J. (1988). Modelling the effects of weeds on crop production. Weed Research 28, 465–471.
Leach, J., Jupe, S., Milford, G. & Lawlor, D. (1990). Leaf growth, photosynthesis and respiration. Institute of Arable Crops Research, Report for 1989, pp. 62–63.
Masle, J., Doussinault, G., Farquhar, G. D. & Sun, B. (1989). Foliar stage in wheat correlates better to photothermal time than to thermal time. Plant, Cell and Environment 12, 235–247.
O'Donovan, J. T., St. Remy, E. A. De, O'Sullivan, P. A., Dew, D. A. & Sharma, A. K. (1985). Influence of the relative time of emergence of wild oat (Avena fatua) on yield loss of barley (Hordeum vulgare) and wheat (Triticum aeslivum). Weed Science 33, 498–503.
Pavlychenko, T. K. & Harrington, J. B. (1934). Competitive efficiency of weeds and cereal crops. Canadian Journal of Research 10, 77–94.
Peters, N. C. B. (1978). Factors influencing the emergence and competition of Avena fatua L. with spring barley. PhD. thesis, University of Reading.
Peters, N. C. B. & Wilson, B. J. (1983). Some studies on the competition between Avena fatua and spring barley. II. Variation of A. fatua emergence and development and its influence on crop yield. Weed Research 23, 305–311.
Pozo, A. H. del, Garcia-Huidobro, J., Novoa, R. & Villaseca, S. (1987). Relationship of base temperature to development of spring wheat. Experimental Agriculture 23, 21–30.
Rooney, J. M., Brain, P. & Loh, S. Y. (1989). The influence of temperature on leaf production and vegetative growth of Avena fatua. Annals of Botany 64, 469–479.
Russelle, M. P. & Bolton, F. E. (1980). Soil temperature effects on winter wheat and winter barley emergence in the field. Agronomy Journal 72, 823–827.
Thurston, J. M. (1959). A comparative study of the growth of wild oats (Avena fatua L. and A. ludoviciana Dur.) and of cultivated cereals with varied nitrogen supply. Annals of Applied Biology 47, 716–739.
Weaver, S. E., Tan, C. S. & Brain, P. (1988). Effect of temperature and soil moisture on time of emergence of tomatoes and four weed species. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 68, 877–886.
Weir, A. H., Bragg, P. L., Porter, J. R. & Rayner, J. H. (1984). A winter wheat crop simulation model without water or nutrient limitations. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 102, 371–382.
Wilson, B. J. (1982). Guide to the timing of chemical control of wild oats in wheat and barley. Australian Weeds 2, 34–35.