Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

An integrative influence of saline water irrigation and fertilization on the structure of soil bacterial communities

  • L. J. Chen (a1) (a2), C. S. Li (a3) (a4), Q. Feng (a1), Y. P. Wei (a2), Y. Zhao (a2), M. Zhu (a1) and R. C. Deo (a1) (a5)...

Abstract

Although numerous studies have investigated the individual effects of salinity, irrigation and fertilization on soil microbial communities, relatively less attention has been paid to their combined influences, especially using molecular techniques. Based on the field of orthogonal designed test and deoxyribonucleic acid sequencing technology, the effects of saline water irrigation amount, salinity level of irrigation water and nitrogen (N) fertilizer rate on soil bacterial community structure were investigated. The results showed that the irrigation amount was the most dominant factor in determining the bacterial richness and diversity, followed by the irrigation water salinity and N fertilizer rate. The values of Chao1 estimator, abundance-based coverage estimator and Shannon indices decreased with an increase in irrigation amount while increased and then decreased with an increase in irrigation water salinity and N fertilizer rate. The highest soil bacterial richness and diversity were obtained under the least irrigation amount (25 mm), medium irrigation water salinity (4.75 dS/m) and medium N fertilizer rate (350 kg/ha). However, different bacterial phyla were found to respond distinctively to these three factors: irrigation amount significantly affected the relative abundances of Proteobacteria and Chloroflexi; irrigation water salinity mostly affected the members of Actinobacteria, Gemmatimonadetes and Acidobacteria; and N fertilizer rate mainly influenced the Bacteroidetes' abundance. The results presented here revealed that the assessment of soil microbial processes under combined irrigation and fertilization treatments needed to be more careful as more variable consequences would be established by comparing with the influences based on an individual factor, such as irrigation amount or N fertilizer rate.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: Q. Feng, E-mail: qifeng@lzb.ac.cn

References

Hide All
Berendsen, RL, Pieterse, CM and Bakker, PA (2012) The rhizosphere microbiome and plant health. Trends in Plant Science 17, 478486.
Campbell, BJ and Kirchman, DL (2013) Bacterial diversity, community structure and potential growth rates along an estuarine salinity gradient. ISME Journal 7, 210220.
Canfora, L, Bacci, G, Pinzari, F, Papa, GL, Dazzi, C and Benedetti, A (2014) Salinity and bacterial diversity: to what extent does the concentration of salt affect the bacterial community in a saline soil? PLoS ONE 9, e106662.
Cederlund, H, Wessén, E, Enwall, K, Jones, CM, Juhanson, J, Pell, M and Hallin, S (2014) Soil carbon quality and nitrogen fertilization structure bacterial communities with predictable responses of major bacterial phyla. Applied Soil Ecology 84, 6268.
Chen, L and Feng, Q (2013) Geostatistical analysis of temporal and spatial variations in groundwater levels and quality in the Minqin oasis, Northwest China. Environmental Earth Sciences 70, 13671378.
Chen, LJ, Feng, Q, Li, CS, Song, YX, Liu, W, Si, JH and Zhang, BG (2016) Spatial variations of soil microbial activities in saline groundwater irrigated soil ecosystem. Environmental Management 57, 10541061.
Chen, LJ, Feng, Q, Li, CS, Wei, YP, Zhao, Y, Feng, YJ, Zheng, H, Li, FR and Li, HY (2017a) Impacts of aquaculture wastewater irrigation on soil microbial functional diversity and community structure in arid regions. Scientific Reports 7, 11193.
Chen, LJ, Feng, Q, Wei, YP, Li, CS, Zhao, Y, Li, HY and Zhang, BG (2017b) Effects of saline water irrigation and fertilization regimes on soil microbial metabolic activity. Journal of Soils and Sediments 17, 376383.
Chen, LJ, Li, CS, Feng, Q, Wei, YP, Zheng, H, Zhao, Y, Feng, YJ and Li, HY (2017c) Shifts in soil microbial metabolic activities and community structures along a salinity gradient of irrigation water in a typical arid region of China. Science of the Total Environment 598, 6470.
Chowdhury, N, Marschner, P and Burns, RG (2011) Response of microbial activity and community structure to decreasing soil osmotic and matric potential. Plant and Soil 344, 241254.
Churchland, C and Grayston, SJ (2014) Specificity of plant-microbe interactions in the tree mycorrhizosphere biome and consequences for soil C cycling. Frontiers in Microbiology 5, 261.
Curiel, YJ, Janssens, IA, Carrara, A, Meiresonne, L and Ceulemans, R (2003) Interactive effects of temperature and precipitation on soil respiration in a temperate maritime pine forest. Tree Physiology 23, 12631270.
Damgaard, C, Holmstrup, M, Schmidt, IK, Beier, C and Larsen, KS (2018) On the problems of using linear models in ecological manipulation experiments: lessons learned from a climate experiment. Ecosphere (Washington, DC) 9, e02322.
Empadinhas, N and da Costa, MS (2008) Osmoadaptation mechanisms in prokaryotes: distribution of compatible solutes. International Microbiology 11, 151161.
Fierer, N, Bradford, MA and Jackson, RB (2007) Toward an ecological classification of soil bacteria. Ecology 88, 13541364.
Fierer, N, Lauber, CL, Ramirez, KS, Zaneveld, J, Bradford, MA and Knight, R (2012) Comparative metagenomic, phylogenetic and physiological analyses of soil microbial communities across nitrogen gradients. ISME Journal 6, 10071017.
Frey, SD (2007) Spatial distribution of soil organisms. In Paul, EA (ed.), Soil Microbiology, Ecology and Biochemistry, 3rd Edn.San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 283300.
Ibekwe, AM, Ors, S, Ferreira, JF, Liu, X and Suarez, DL (2017) Seasonal induced changes in spinach rhizosphere microbial community structure with varying salinity and drought. Science of the Total Environment 579, 14851495.
Jangid, K, Williams, MA, Franzluebbers, AJ, Sanderlin, JS, Reeves, JH, Jenkins, MB, Endale, DM, Coleman, DC and Whitman, WB (2008) Relative impacts of land-use, management intensity and fertilization upon soil microbial community structure in agricultural systems. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 40, 28432853.
Kakumanu, ML, Cantrell, CL and Williams, MA (2013) Microbial community response to varying magnitudes of desiccation in soil: a test of the osmolyte accumulation hypothesis. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 57, 644653.
Ke, CR, Li, ZY, Liang, YM, Tao, WQ and Du, MC (2013) Impacts of chloride de-icing salt on bulk soils, fungi, and bacterial populations surrounding the plant rhizosphere. Applied Soil Ecology 72, 6978.
Kersters, K, De Vos, P, Gillis, M, Swings, J, Vandamme, P and Stackebrandt, E (2006). Introduction to the Proteobacteria. Prokaryotes 5, 337.
Lauber, CL, Hamady, M, Knight, R and Fierer, N (2009) Pyrosequencing-based assessment of soil pH as a predictor of soil bacterial community structure at the continental scale. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 75, 51115120.
Lee, SH, Ka, JO and Cho, JC (2008) Members of the phylum Acidobacteria are dominant and metabolically active in rhizosphere soil. FEMS Microbiology Letters 285, 263269.
Lindahl, BD, de Boer, W and Finlay, RD (2010) Disruption of root carbon transport into forest humus stimulates fungal opportunists at the expense of mycorrhizal fungi. ISME Journal 4, 872881.
Lupwayi, NZ, Lafond, GP, Ziadi, N and Grant, CA (2012) Soil microbial response to nitrogen fertilizer and tillage in barley and corn. Soil & Tillage Research 118, 139146.
Marschner, H (1995) Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants, 2nd Edn.London: Academic Press.
Min, W, Hou, ZA, Ye, J, Ma, LJ, Cao, Z and Luo, HL (2014) Soil microbial activity and community functional diversity in cotton field under long-term drip irrigation with saline water. Chinese Journal of Ecology 33, 29502958, (in Chinese with English abstract).
Morrissey, EM, Gillespie, JL, Morina, JC and Franklin, RB (2014) Salinity affects microbial activity and soil organic matter content in tidal wetlands. Global Change Biology 20, 13511362.
Muhammad, S, Müller, T and Joergensen, RG (2008) Relationships between soil biological and other soil properties in saline and alkaline arable soils from the Pakistani Punjab. Journal of Arid Environments 72, 448457.
Nemergut, DR, Townsend, AR, Sattin, SR, Freeman, KR, Fierer, N, Neff, JC, Bowman, WD, Schadt, CW, Weintraub, MN and Schmidt, SK (2008) The effects of chronic nitrogen fertilization on alpine tundra soil microbial communities: implications for carbon and nitrogen cycling. Environmental Microbiology 10, 30933105.
Pankhurst, CE, Yu, S, Hawke, BG and Harch, BD (2001) Capacity of fatty acid profiles and substrate utilization patterns to describe differences in soil microbial communities associated with increased salinity or alkalinity at three locations in South Australia. Biology and Fertility of Soils 33, 204217.
Philippot, L, Raaijmakers, JM, Lemanceau, P and van der Putten, WH (2013) Going back to the roots: the microbial ecology of the rhizosphere. Nature Reviews Microbiology 11, 789799.
Priyadharsini, P and Dhanasekaran, D (2015) Diversity of soil allelopathic Actinobacteria in Tiruchirappalli district, Tamilnadu, India. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences 14, 5460.
Ranil, RHG, Niran, HML, Plazas, M, Fonseka, RM, Fonseka, HH, Vilanova, S, Andújar, I, Gramazio, P, Fita, A and Prohens, J (2015) Improving seed germination of the eggplant rootstock Solanum torvum by testing multiple factors using an orthogonal array design. Scientia Horticulturae 193, 174181.
Rath, KM and Rousk, J (2015) Salt effects on the soil microbial decomposer community and their role in organic carbon cycling: a review. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 81, 108123.
Rietz, DN and Haynes, RJ (2003) Effects of irrigation-induced salinity and sodicity on soil microbial activity. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 35, 845854.
Russo, SE, Legge, R, Weber, KA, Brodie, EL, Goldfarb, KC, Benson, AK and Tan, S (2012) Bacterial community structure of contrasting soils underlying Bornean rain forests: inferences from microarray and next-generation sequencing methods. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 55, 4859.
Setia, R, Marschner, P, Baldock, J, Chittleborough, D and Verma, V (2011) Relationships between carbon dioxide emission and soil properties in salt-affected landscapes. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 43, 667674.
Sul, WJ, Cole, JR, Jesus, EDC, Wang, Q, Farris, RJ, Fish, JA and Tiedje, JM (2011) Bacterial community comparisons by taxonomy-supervised analysis independent of sequence alignment and clustering. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 108, 1463714642.
Sun, RB, Zhang, XX, Guo, XS, Wang, DZ and Chu, HY (2015) Bacterial diversity in soils subjected to long-term chemical fertilization can be more stably maintained with the addition of livestock manure than wheat straw. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 88, 918.
Tripathi, BM, Kim, M, Singh, D, Lee-Cruz, L, Lai-Hoe, A, Ainuddin, AN, Go, R, Rahim, RA, Husni, MHA, Chun, J and Adams, JM (2012) Tropical soil bacterial communities in Malaysia: pH dominates in the equatorial tropics too. Microbial Ecology 64, 474484.
Wakelin, SA, Colloff, MJ, Harvey, PR, Marschner, P, Gregg, AL and Rogers, SL (2007) The effects of stubble retention and nitrogen application on soil microbial community structure and functional gene abundance under irrigated maize. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 59, 661670.
Wang, Z, Luo, G, Li, J, Chen, SY, Li, Y, Li, WT and Li, AM (2016) Response of performance and ammonia oxidizing bacteria community to high salinity stress in membrane bioreactor with elevated ammonia loading. Bioresource Technology 216, 714721.
Williams, MA and Xia, K (2009) Characterization of the water soluble soil organic pool following the rewetting of dry soil in a drought-prone tallgrass prairie. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 41, 2128.
Wong, VNL, Dalal, RC and Greene, RSB (2008) Salinity and sodicity effects on respiration and microbial biomass of soil. Biology and Fertility of Soils 44, 943953.
Wong, VNL, Dalal, RC and Greene, RSB (2009) Carbon dynamics of sodic and saline soils following gypsum and organic material additions: a laboratory incubation. Applied Soil Ecology 41, 2940.
Wu, QL, Zwart, G, Schauer, M, Agterveld, MPK and Bahn, MW (2006) Bacterioplankton community composition along a salinity gradient of sixteen high-mountain lakes located on the Tibetan Plateau, China. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 72, 54785485.
Yuan, H, Ge, T, Zhou, P, Liu, S, Roberts, P, Zhu, H, Zou, Z, Tong, C and Wu, J (2013) Soil microbial biomass and bacterial and fungal community structures responses to long-term fertilization in paddy soils. Journal of Soils and Sediments 13, 877886.
Zhao, J, Ni, T, Li, Y, Xiong, W, Ran, W, Shen, B, Shen, Q and Zhang, R (2014) Responses of bacterial communities in arable soils in a rice-wheat cropping system to different fertilizer regimes and sampling times. PLoS ONE 9, e85301.

Keywords

An integrative influence of saline water irrigation and fertilization on the structure of soil bacterial communities

  • L. J. Chen (a1) (a2), C. S. Li (a3) (a4), Q. Feng (a1), Y. P. Wei (a2), Y. Zhao (a2), M. Zhu (a1) and R. C. Deo (a1) (a5)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.