Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

An analysis of the agronomic, economic and environmental effects of applying N fertilizer to sugarbeet (Beta vulgaris)

  • M. F. Allison (a1), M. J. Armstrong (a2), K. W. Jaggard (a1), A. D. Todd (a3) and G. F. J. Milford (a3)...

Summary

The effects of different rates of N fertilizer (0–180 kg N/ha) were tested on the growth, yield and processing quality of sugarbeet in 34 field experiments in England between 1986 and 1988. The experiments were performed using soil types, locations and management systems that were representative of the commercial beet crop in the UK. The responses obtained showed that current recommendations for N fertilizer use are broadly correct, but large differences occurred on some soil types, in some years, between the recommended amounts and the experimentally determined optima for yield. The divergence was largest when organic manures had been applied in the autumn before the beet crop. Calculations using a simple nitrate-leaching model showed that much of the N in the manures was likely to be leached, the extent of leaching being much less if the manure application was delayed until spring. In these circumstances, spring measurement of inorganic mineral N in the soil could improve fertilizer recommendations. In situations where higher than optimum rates of fertilizer N were used, the extra N had little effect on yield. Increasing the rate from 0 to 180 kg N/ha increased the amount of nitrate left in the soil at harvest by only 8 kg N/ha. The amount of inorganic N released into the soil from crop residues at harvest increased by 50 kg N/ha with N application rate, and the fate of this N has not been established.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Abshahi, A., Hills, F. J. & Broadbent, F. E. (1984). Nitrogen utilization by wheat from residual sugarbeet fertilizer and soil incorporated sugarbeet tops. Agronomy Journal 76, 954958.
Addiscott, T. M. & Darry, R. J. (1991). Relating the nitrogen fertilizer needs of winter wheat crops to the soil's mineral nitrogen. Influence of the downward movement of nitrate during winter and spring. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 117, 241249.
Allison, M. F. (1994). The effect of mineralized nitrogen on the fertilizer nitrogen requirement of sugar beet. In Proceedings of the 57th Winter Congress of the International Institute for Beet Research, Brussels, 16–17 February 1994. pp. 177188. Brussels: IIRB.
Allison, M. F. & Hetschkun, H. M. (1995). Five years of straw incorporation and its effect on growth, yield and nitrogen nutrition of sugarbeet (Beta vulgaris). Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 125, 6168.
Archer, J. (1985). Crop Nutrition and Fertiliser Use. Ipswich: Farming Press Ltd.
Armstrong, M. J. & Milford, G. F. J. (1985). The nitrogen nutrition of sugar beet – the background to the requirement for sugar yield and amino-N accumulation. British Sugar Beet Review 53(4), 4244.
Armstrong, M. J., Milford, G. F. J., Biscoe, P. V. & Last, P. J. (1983). Influences of nitrogen on physiological aspects of sugar beet productivity. In Proceedings of Symposium ‘Nitrogen and Sugarbeet’ of the International Institute for Beet Research, Brussels, 15–16 February 1983. pp. 5361. Brussels: IIRB.
Association of Official Agricultural Chemists (1955). Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Agricultural Chemists, 8th Edn (Ed. Horwitz, W.), p. 12. Washington: AOAC.
Boon, R. & Vanstallen, R. (1983). Nitrogen fertilizer advice for sugar beet based on soil analysis. In Proceedings of Symposium ‘Nitrogen and Sugarbeet’ of the International Institute for Beet Research, Brussels, 15–16 February 1983. pp. 433445. Brussels: IIRB.
Bradbury, N. J., Whitmore, A. P., Hart, P. B. S. & Jenkinson, D. S. (1993). Modelling the fate of nitrogen in crop and soil in the years following application of 15N-labelled fertilizer to winter wheat. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 121, 363379.
Brown, K. F. & Dunham, R. J. (1986). The fibrous root system: the forgotten roots of the sugar beet crop. British Sugar Beet Review 54(3), 2224.
Destain, J. P., Francois, E. & Guiot, J. (1990). Fertilizer nitrogen budgets of 15N-labelled sugarbeet (Beta vulgaris) tops and Na15NO3 dressings split-applied to winter wheat (Triticum aestivum) in microplots on a loam soil. Plant and Soil 124, 257259.
Draycott, A. P. (1972). Sugar-Beet Nutrition. London: Applied Science Publishers.
Draycott, A. P. (1993). Nutrition. In The Sugar Beet Crop: Science into Practice (Eds Cooke, D. A. & Scott, R. K.), pp. 239278. London: Chapman & Hall.
George, B. J. (1984). Design and interpretation of nitrogen response experiments. In The Nitrogen Requirement of Cereals, MAFF/ADAS Reference Book 385, 135149. London: HMSO.
Hills, F. J., Broadbent, F. E. & Fried, M. (1978). Timing and rate of fertilizer nitrogen for sugarbeets related to nitrogen uptake and pollution potential. Journal of Environmental Quality 7, 368372.
Jaggard, K. W., Limb, M. & Proctor, G. H. (1995). Sugar Beet: A Grower's Guide, 5th Edition. London: SBREC/MAFF.
Jenkinson, D. S. (1985). How straw incorporation affects the nitrogen cycle. In Straw, Soils and Science: Current Research into Viable Alternatives to Disposing of Straw by Burning (Ed. Hardcastle, J.), pp. 1415. London: AFRC.
Last, P. J., Draycott, A. P. & Hull, R. (1976). The influence of level of topping and other cultural factors on sugar beet yield and quality. International Sugar Journal 78, 167170, 193–199.
Last, P. J., Draycott, A. P. & Allison, M. F. (1994). Effects of soil mineral nitrogen, soil type and organic manure use on the nitrogen fertilizer requirement and quality of sugar beet. In Proceedings of the 57th Winter Congress of the International Institute for Beet Research, Brussels, 16–17 February 1994. pp. 343351. Brussels: IIRB.
Licht, F. O. (1989). World Sugar and Sweetener Yearbook – World Sugar Statistics 1988/89 (Ed. Ahlfeld, H.), pp. 45. Ratzburg: F. O. Licht.
L'Institut Technique Français de la Betterave Industrielle (1987). Compte rendu des travaux effectués en 1987. Publications de L'Institut Technique Français de la Betterave Induslrielle. Paris: ITB, pp. 291327.
L'Institut Technique Français de la Betterave Industrielle (1988). Compte rendu des travaux effectues en 1988. Publications de L'Institut Technique Français de la Betterave Induslrielle. Paris: ITB, pp. 282308.
Milford, G. F. J. (1973). The growth and development of the storage root of sugar beet. Annals of Applied Biology 75, 427438.
Milford, G. F. J., Biscoe, P. V., Jaggard, K. W., Scott, R. K. & Draycott, A. P. (1980). Physiological potential for increasing yields of sugar beet. In Opportunities for Increasing Crop Yields (Eds Hurd, R. G., Biscoe, P. V. & Dennis, C.), pp. 7183. Boston: Pitman Advanced Publishing Program.
Milford, G. F. J., Pocock, T. O., Riley, J. & Messem, A. B. (1985 a). An analysis of leaf growth in sugar beet. III. Leaf expansion in field crops. Annals of Applied Biology 106, 187203.
Milford, G. F. J., Pocock, T. O., Jaggard, K. W., Biscoe, P. V., Armstrong, M. J., Last, P. J. & Goodman, P. J. (1985 b). An analysis of leaf growth in sugar beet. IV. The expansion of the leaf canopy in relation to temperature and nitrogen. Annals of Applied Biology 107, 335347.
Milford, G. F. J., Travis, K. Z., Pocock, T. O., Jaggard, K. W. & Day, W. (1988). Growth and dry-matter partitioning in sugar beet. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 110, 301308.
Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries & Food (1994). Fertiliser Recommendations for Agricultural and Horticultural Crops. Reference Book 209. London: HMSO.
Neeteson, J. J. & Zwetsloot, H. J. C. (1989). An analysis of the response of sugar beet and potatoes to fertilizer nitrogen and soil mineral nitrogen. Netherlands Journal of Agricultural Science 37, 129141.
Nix, J. (1993). Farm Management Pocketbook, 24th Edition. Wye College, University of London.
Olsson, R. & Bramstorp, A. (1994). Fate of nitrogen from sugar-beet tops. In Proceedings of the 57 th Winter Congress of the International Institute for Beet Research, Brussels, 16–17 February 1994. pp. 189212. Brussels: IIRB.
Pocock, T. O., Milford, G. F. J. & Armstrong, M.J. (1990). Storage root quality in sugarbeet in relation to nitrogen uptake. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 115, 355362.
Powlson, D. S. (1994). Soil organic nitrogen – its structure, dynamics and role in the nitrogen cycle of agricultural soils. In Proceedings of the 57th Winter Congress of the International Institute for Beet Research, Brussels, 16–17 February 1994. pp. 155170. Brussels: IIRB.
Scott, R. K. & Jaggard, K. W. (1993). Crop physiology and agronomy. In The Sugar Beet Crop: Science into Practice (Eds Cooke, D. A. & Scott, R. K.), pp. 178237. London: Chapman & Hall.
Shepherd, M. A. (1993). Measurement of soil mineral nitrogen to predict the response of winter wheat to fertilizer nitrogen after applications of organic manures or after ploughed-out grass. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 121, 223231.
Walther, U. (1983). Does the N-min method assist in the aim to accurately fertilize sugar beet? In Proceedings of Symposium ‘Nitrogen and Sugarbeet’ of the International Institute for Beet Research, Brussels, 15–16 February 1983. pp. 521532. Brussels: IIRB.
Widdowson, F. V. (1974). Results from experiments measuring the residues of nitrogen fertilizer given for sugar beet, and of ploughed-in sugar beet tops, on the yield of following barley. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 83, 415421.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed