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Relationship between childhood maltreatment and geriatric depression: the mediator effect of personality traits

  • Gabriel Behr Gomes Jardim (a1), Armin von Gunten (a2), Irenio Gomes da Silva Filho (a1), Patricia Klarmann Ziegelmann (a3), Daniela Benzano Bumaguin (a3), Eduardo Lopes Nogueira (a1), Paula Engroff (a1) and Alfredo Cataldo Neto (a1) (a4)...

Abstract

Background:

Childhood maltreatment is an important factor associated with adverse mental health outcomes including geriatric depression and the “big five” personality characteristics. The objective of this study was to evaluate a model where personality characteristics mediate the relationship between childhood maltreatment and geriatric depression.

Method:

In this cross-sectional study, elderly subjects from socioeconomically disadvantaged neighborhoods of Porto Alegre, Brazil (n = 260) completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), NEO-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI), and Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview 5.0 (MINI plus). We used structural equation modeling (SEM) to evaluate the mediation hypothesis.

Results:

The five personality factors (neuroticism, extraversion, agreeableness, openness, and conscientiousness) were related to childhood maltreatment and depression. Mediation analysis revealed that neuroticism and extraversion are complete mediators, agreeableness and conscientiousness are partial mediators, and openness is not a mediator.

Conclusions:

These findings support the hypothesis in which childhood maltreatment is associated with geriatric depression and mediated by personality factors. These results suggest that reducing the maladaptive personality trait in elderly people who suffered childhood maltreatment could prevent geriatric depression.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence should be addressed to: Gabriel Behr Gomes Jardim, Instituto de Geriatria e Gerontologia - IGG, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul – PUCRS, Avenida Ipiranga 6681/703, Porto Alegre/RS, CEP: 90619–900, Brazil. Phone: +55 51 33536031. Email: gabrielbehr@gmail.com.

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Keywords

Relationship between childhood maltreatment and geriatric depression: the mediator effect of personality traits

  • Gabriel Behr Gomes Jardim (a1), Armin von Gunten (a2), Irenio Gomes da Silva Filho (a1), Patricia Klarmann Ziegelmann (a3), Daniela Benzano Bumaguin (a3), Eduardo Lopes Nogueira (a1), Paula Engroff (a1) and Alfredo Cataldo Neto (a1) (a4)...

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