American Psychiatric Association. (1987). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 3rd edn., revised (DSM-III-R). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
Andersen, K., Lolk, A., Martinussen, T. and Kragh-Sorensen, P. (2010). Very mild to severe dementia and mortality: a 14-year follow-up – the Odense study. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 29, 61–67.
Brodaty, H., Seeher, K. and Gibson, L. (2012). Dementia time to death: a systematic literature review on survival time and years of life lost in people with dementia. International Psychogeriatrics, 24, 1034–1045.
Cho, M. J., Park, I. M. and Shin, Y. M. (2000). A validation study for the Korean version of Psychogeriatric Assessment Scale. Journal of the Korean Neuropsychiatric Association, 39, 128–141.
Dewey, M. E. and Saz, P. (2001). Dementia, cognitive impairment and mortality in persons aged 65 and over living in the community: a systematic review of the literature. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 16, 751–761.
Fisk, J. D., Merry, H. R. and Rockwood, K. (2003). Variations in case definition affect prevalence but not outcomes of mild cognitive impairment. Neurology, 61, 1179–1184.
Frisoni, G. B., Fratiglioni, L., Fastbom, J., Viitanen, M. and Winblad, B. (1999). Mortality in nondemented subjects with cognitive impairment: the influence of health-related factors. American Journal of Epidemiology, 150, 1031–1044.
Ganguli, M., Dodge, H. H., Shen, C., Pandav, R. S. and Dekosky, S. T. (2005). Alzheimer disease and mortality: a 15-year epidemiological study. Archives of Neurology, 62, 779–784.
Go, S. M.
et al. (2013). Survival of Alzheimer's disease patients in Korea. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 35, 219–228.
Guehne, U., Angermeyer, M. C. and Riedel-Heller, S. (2006). Is mortality increased in mildly cognitively impaired individuals? A systematic literature review. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 21, 403–410.
Guehne, U., Luck, T., Busse, A., Angermeyer, M. C. and Riedel-Heller, S. G. (2007). Mortality in individuals with mild cognitive impairment: results of the Leipzig Longitudinal Study of the Aged (LEILA75+). Neuroepidemiology, 29, 226–234.
Hayden, K. M.
et al. (2005). Apolipoprotein E genotype and mortality: findings from the Cache County Study. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 53, 935–942.
Johansson, B. and Zarit, S. H. (1997). Early cognitive markers of the incidence of dementia and mortality: a longitudinal population-based study of the oldest old. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 12, 53–59.
Jorm, A. F.
et al. (1995). The Psychogeriatric Assessment Scales: a multi-dimensional alternative to categorical diagnoses of dementia and depression in the elderly. Psychological Medicine, 25, 447–460.
Korean National Statistical Office. (2012). Death and Cause of Death in Korea. Daejeon, South Korea: Korean National Statistical Office.
Lee, J. Y.
et al. (2008). Illiteracy and the incidence of Alzheimer's disease in the Yonchon County survey, Korea. International Psychogeriatrics, 20, 976–985.
et al. (2009). Incidence and survival of dementia in a general population of Japanese elderly: the Hisayama study. Journal of Neurolology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry, 80, 366–370.
Mckhann, G., Drachman, D., Folstein, M., Katzman, R., Price, D. and Stadlan, E. M. (1984). Clinical diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease: report of the NINCDS-ADRDA work group under the auspices of Department of Health and Human Services Task Force on Alzheimer's disease. Neurology, 34, 939–944.
Quinn, C., Clare, L., McGuinness, T. and Woods, R. T. (2012). The impact of relationships, motivations, and meanings on dementia caregiving outcomes. International Psychogeriatrics, 24, 1816–1826.
Roman, G. C.
et al. (1993). Vascular dementia: diagnostic criteria for research studies. Report of the NINDS-AIREN international workshop. Neurology, 43, 250–260.
Russ, T. C., Batty, G. D. and Starr, J. M. (2012). Cognitive and behavioural predictors of survival in Alzheimer disease: results from a sample of treated patients in a tertiary-referral memory clinic. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 27, 844–853.
Suh, G. H., Kim, J. K. and Cho, M. J. (2003). Community study of dementia in the older Korean rural population. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 37, 606–612.
Suh, G. H., Kil Yeon, B., Shah, A. and Lee, J. Y. (2005). Mortality in Alzheimer's disease: a comparative prospective Korean study in the community and nursing homes. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 20, 26–34.
Todd, S., Barr, S., Roberts, M. and Passmore, A. P. (2013). Survival in dementia and predictors of mortality: a review. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 28, 1109–1124.
Tschanz, J. T.
et al. (2004). Dementia: the leading predictor of death in a defined elderly population: the Cache County Study. Neurology, 62, 1156–1162.
Tun, S. M., Murman, D. L., Long, H. L., Colenda, C. C. and Von eye, A. (2007). Predictive validity of neuropsychiatric subgroups on nursing home placement and survival in patients with Alzheimer disease. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 15, 314–327.
et al. (2003). Five-year follow-up of cognitive impairment with no dementia. Archives of Neurology, 60, 577–582.
Wilson, R. S.
et al. (2009). Biracial population study of mortality in mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer disease. Archives of Neurology, 66, 767–772.
Xu, W. L., Caracciolo, B., Wang, H. X., Santoni, G., Winblad, B. and Fratiglioni, L. (2013). Accelerated progression from mild cognitive impairment to dementia among APOE epsilon4epsilon4 carriers. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 33, 507–515.
Zhao, Q., Zhou, B., Ding, D., Guo, Q. and Hong, Z. (2010). Prevalence, mortality, and predictive factors on survival of dementia in Shanghai, China. Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders, 24, 151–158.