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Community mental health provision in Pemba Island, Zanzibar: a cross-sectional survey of different stakeholder groups

  • Michel Okitapoy On'okoko (a1) (a2), Ilyas Mirza (a3) and Rachel Jenkins (a4)

Abstract

There is limited information about stakeholder perceptions of health service provision in low- and middle-income countries. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 821 stakeholders of the community mental health services in Pemba Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania. The aim was to obtain systematic information about coverage, barriers, accountability and room for improvement as a baseline before implementation of a new mental health policy to strengthen mental health services.

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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits noncommercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is unaltered and is properly cited. The written permission of Cambridge University Press must be obtained for commercial re-use or in order to create a derivative work.

References

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Mirza, I., Okitapoy, M. & Jenkins, R. (2006) Knowledge and practice of help seeking for treatment of mental disorders in Pemba Island, Zanzibar. Tropical Doctor, 36, 140144.
Muga, F. A. & Jenkins, R. (2008a) Public perceptions, explanatory models and service utilisation regarding mental illness and mental health care in Kenya. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 43, 469476.
Muga, F. A. & Jenkins, R. (2008b) Training, attitudes and practice of district health workers in Kenya. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 43, 477482.
National Bureau of Statistics Tanzania (2002) Zanzibar in Key Statistics from 2002, Housing and Population Census. Government of Tanzania.
Saraceno, B., van Ommeren, M., Batniji, R., et al (2007) Barriers to improvement of mental health services in low-income and middle-income countries. Lancet, online DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(07)61263-X.
World Health Organization (2008) mhGAP: Mental Health Gap Action Programme: Scaling Up Care for Mental, Neurological and Substance Use Disorders. WHO.

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Community mental health provision in Pemba Island, Zanzibar: a cross-sectional survey of different stakeholder groups

  • Michel Okitapoy On'okoko (a1) (a2), Ilyas Mirza (a3) and Rachel Jenkins (a4)
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