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Tolerance in crop plants to insect pests

  • R. Velusamy (a1) and E. A. Heinrichs (a1)


Papers on tolerance of alfalfa, barley, sorghum, corn, rice, wheat, cotton, vegetables and tea to insects are reviewed. Research methods used in identifying tolerant cultivars and the role of tolerance, as one of the three mechanisms of resistance, are discussed.

Essais sur la tolérance de la luzerne, l'orge, le sorgho, le blé d'inde, le riz, le blé, le coton, les légumes, et le thé deux insects sont examinés. On discute Les méthods de recherches utilisées pour identifier les variétes tolérantes et le role do la tolérance comme un des trois mécanisms de résistance.



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Bagavandas, M. and Nataraj, M. (1960) MCU3, a new cotton strain tolerant to stem weevil. Madras agric. J. 47, 486487.
Balasubramanian, G., Gopalan, M. and Subramanian, T. R. (1977) Resistance to leafhopper in upland cotton. Indian J. agric. Sci. 47, 8286.
Beck, S. D. (1965) Resistance of plants to insects. A. Rev. Ent. 10, 207232.
Bishop, A. L., Walters, P. J., Holtkamp, R. H. and Dominiak, B. C. (1982) Relationships between Acyrthosiphon kondoi and damage in three varieties of alfalfa. J. econ. Ent. 75, 118122.
Branson, T. F., Sutter, G. R. and Fisher, J. R. (1982) Comparison of a tolerant and a susceptible maize inbred under artificial infestations of Diabrotica virgifera virgifera: yield and adult emergence. Environ. Ent. 11, 371372.
Brett, C. H. and Bastida, R. (1963) Resistance of sweet corn varieties to the fall armyworm Laphygma frugiperda. J. econ. Ent. 56, 162167.
Calnaido, D. and Kanapathi Pillai, P. (1967) Tolerance and susceptibility of clones to shot hole borer infestation Xyleborus fornicatus in Ceylon. Tea Q. 38, 275281.
Chiang, C. H. and Holdway, F. G. (1965) Relationships between plant height and yield of field corn as affected by the European cornborer. J. econ. Ent. 58, 932938.
Chiang, H. C. and French, L. K. (1980) Host tolerance, a short term pest management tool, maize and corn rootworm as a model. Pl. Prot. Bull. FAO 28, 137138.
Dogger, J. R. and Hanson, C. H. (1963) Reaction of alfalfa varieties and strains to alfalfa weevil. J. econ. Ent. 56, 192197.
Doggett, H. and Majisu, B. N. (1966) Sorghum, millet and maize breeding. Annual Report of the East African Agricultural Forestry Research Organization, pp. 8688.
Doggett, H., Starks, K. J. and Everhart, S. A. (1970) Breeding for resistance to the sorghum shoot fly. Crop Sci. 10, 528531.
Gallun, R. L. and Khush, G. S. (1980) Genetic factors affecting expression and stability of resistance. In Breeding Plants Resistant to Insects (Edited by Maxwell, F. G. and Jennings, P. R.), pp. 6386. Wiley, New York.
Havens, J. N. (1972) Observations on the Hessian fly. Soc. Agron. N. Y. Trans. 1, 89107.
Heinrichs, E. A., Medrano, F. G. and Rapusas, H. R. (1985) Genetic Evaluation for Insect Resistance in Rice. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Philippines.
Hirao, J. and Todoroki, A. (1975) Mechanisms of resistance to the brown planthopper in the rice lines bred from Mudgo cultivar at the TARC. Proc. Ass. Pl. Prot. Kyushu 21, 5660.
Ho, D. T., Heinrichs, E. A. and Medrano, F. G. (1982) Tolerance of the rice variety Triveni to the brown planthopper Nilaparvata lugens. Environ. Ent. 11, 598602.
Horber, E. (1972) Plant resistance to insects. Agric. Sci. Rev. Coop. State Res. Serv. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Vol. 10.
Horber, E. (1980) Types and classification of resistance. In Breeding Plants Resistant to Insects (Edited by Maxwell, F. G. and Jennings, P. R.), pp. 1521. Wiley, New York.
Howe, W. L. and Pesho, G. R. (1960) Influence of plant age on the survival of alfalfa varieties differing in resistance to the spotted alfalfa aphid. J. econ. Ent. 53, 142144.
Hsu, S. J. and Robinson, A. G. (1962) Resistance of barley varieties to the aphid Rhopalosiphum padi (L). Can. J. Pl. Sci. 42, 247251.
Kennedy, G. G., Kishaba, A. N. and Bonn, G. W. (1975) Response of several pest species to Cucumis melo L. lines resistant to Aphis gossypii Glover. Environ. Ent. 4, 653657.
Llyod, D. L., Turner, J. W. and Hilder, T. B. (1980) Effects of aphids on seedling growth of lucerne lines. I. Blue green aphid in field conditions Acyrthosiphon kondoi Schinji. Aust. J. exp. Agric. Animal Husbandry 20, 7276.
Maxwell, F. G. (1980) Future opportunities and directions. In Breeding Plants Resistant to Insects (Edited by Maxwell, F. G. and Jennings, P. R.), pp. 535538. Wiley, New York.
Morgan, J., Wilde, G. and Johnson, D. (1980) Greenbug resistance in commercial sorghum hybrids in the seedling stage. J. econ. Ent. 73, 510514.
Nair, N. R., Nair, S. S. and Ramabai, N. (1978) A new high yielding brown planthopper tolerant variety of rice. Oryza 17, 161.
Ortega, A., Vasal, S. K., Mihm, J. and Hershey, C. (1980) Breeding for insect resistance in rice. In Breeding Plants Resistant to Insects (Edited by Maxwell, F. G. and Jennings, P. R.), pp. 372419. Wiley, New York.
Ortman, E. E., Branson, T. F. and Gerloff, E. D. (1974) Techniques, accomplishments and future potential of host plant resistance to Diabrotica. In Proceedings of the Summer Institute on Biological Control Plants, Insects and Diseases (Edited by Maxwell, F. G. and Harris, F. A.), pp. 344350. Mississippi University Press, Jackson.
Painter, R. H. (1951) Insect Resistance in Crop Plants. Macmillan, New York.
Painter, R. H. (1958) Resistance of plants to insects. A. Rev. Ent. 3, 267290.
Panda, N. and Heinrichs, E. A. (1983) Levels of tolerance and antibiosis in rice varieties having moderate resistance to the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens. Environ. Ent. 12, 12041214.
Panda, N., Heinrichs, E. A. and Hibino, H. (1984) Resistance of the rice variety Utri Rajapan to ragged stunt and tungro viruses. Crop Prot. 3, 491500.
Pathak, M. D. and Painter, R. H. (1958) Effects of the feeding of the four biotypes of cornleaf aphid Rhopalosiphum maidis Fitch on susceptible White Martin sorghum and Spartan barley plants. J. Kans. ent. Soc. 31, 93100.
Raman, K. V. (1977) Leafhopper resistance in cowpea varieties. Trop. Grain Legume Bull. 8, 14.
Raut, U. M. and Sonone, H. N. (1979) A preliminary observation on resistance in okra to shoot and fruit borer Earias vitella (Fabricius) (Arctiidae: Lepidoptera). J. Maharastra Agric. Univ. 4, 101103.
Schuster, D. J. and Starks, K. J. (1973) Greenbugs: components of host-plant resistance in sorghum. J. econ. Ent. 66, 11311134.
Schweissing, F. C. and Wilde, G. (1978) Temperature influence on greenbug resistance of crops in the seedling stage. Environ. Ent. 7, 831834.
Schweissing, F. C. and Wilde, G. (1979) Temperature and plant nutrient effects on resistance of seedling sorghum to the greenbug. J. econ. Ent. 72, 2023.
Sharma, H. C. and Agarwal, R. A. (1984) Factors imparting resistance to stem damage by Earias vitella F. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in some cotton phenotypes. Prot. Ecol. 6, 3542.
Singh, S. R. (1980) Biology of cowpea pests and potential for host plant resistance. In Biology and Breeding for Resistance to Arthropods and Pathogens in Agricultural Plants (Edited by Harris, M. K..), pp. 398421. Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas.
Snelling, R. O. (1941) Resistance of plants to insect attack. Bot. Rev. 7, 543586.
Sprague, G. F. and Dahms, R. G. (1972) Development of crop resistance to insects. J. Environ. Qual. 1, 28.
Starks, K. J. and Merkle, O. G. (1977) Low level resistance in wheat to greenbug. J. econ. Ent. 70, 305306.
Teli, V. S. and Delaya, V. P. (1981) Varietal resistance of okra to Amrasca biguttula (Ishida). Indian J. agric. Sci. 51, 729731.
Thirugnanasuntharam, K. and Calnaido, D. (1968) Further observations of the tolerance and susceptibility of tea clones to shot hole borer infestation. Tea Q. 39, 610.
Tingey, W. M. (1981) The environmental control of insects using plant resistance. In CRC Handbook of Pest Management in Agriculture (Edited by Pimentel, D.), pp. 175197. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.
Turner, J. W. and Robins, P. A. (1982) Aphid resistant lucerns. Queensland agric. J. 108, 153.
Varis, A. L. (1958) On the susceptibility of the different varieties of big-leafed turnip to damage caused by cabbage maggots (Hylemyia sp.). J. Sci. Agric. Soc. Fin. 30, 271275.
Webster, J. A. and Starks, K. J. (1984) Sources of resistance in barley to two biotypes of the greenbug Schizaphis graminum (Rondani) (Homoptera: Aphididae). Prot. Ecol. 6, 5155.
Wilson, M. C. and Davis, R. L. (1958) Development of an alfalfa having resistance to the meadow spittle bug. J. econ. Ent. 51, 219222.
Wiseman, B. R., McMillian, W. W. and Widstrom, N. W. (1972) Tolerance as a mechanism of resistance in corn to the corn earworm. J. econ. Ent. 65, 835837.
Wood, E. A. Jr (1961) Description and results of a new greenhouse technique for evaluating tolerance of small grains to the greenbug. J. econ. Ent. 54, 303305.
Zuber, M. S., Musick, G. J. and Fairchild, M. L. (1971) A method of evaluating corn strains for tolerance to the western corn rootworm. J. econ. Ent. 64, 15141518.


Tolerance in crop plants to insect pests

  • R. Velusamy (a1) and E. A. Heinrichs (a1)


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