In a bluetongue (BT) disease project, light trappings of Culicoides were conducted in 19 localities and 39,000 biting midges were examined. BT virus type 16 was isolated in 1968 at Devora from a pool consisting mainly of Culicoides schultzei gp and C. imicola; BT virus type 4 was isolated in 1969 at Yesodot from a pool of 183 C. imicola; BT virus type 2 was isolated in 1979 at Talmé El'azar from pools consisting of 2462 C. imicola; and BT virus type 6 was isolated 3 times in 1980 at Bet Dagan from pools of 204, 258 and from 143 C. imicola, respectively. In the Akabane project (1976 and 1977) 4632 Culicoides and 1867 mosquitoes from four localities were trapped and examined. An arbovirus which was not Akabane, BT or turkey meningo-encephalitis (TME) was isolated from a pool of 44 engorged Culex pipiens complex trapped in Gan Shemuel. In the Rift Valley fever project, which was conducted in 1978 and 1979 due to the presence of an epidemic in Egypt, 351 mosquitoes of four species and 7098 Culicoides of 14 species were tested and none were found to harbour an arbovirus. Within the TME project more than 12,000 Culicoides and 9000 mosquitoes from 14 localities were tested. Positive isolations of TME were made from an unsorted pool of mosquitoes from Gesher haziw, an unsorted pool of 13 Culicoides from Nahalal, a pool of 223 unidentified Culicoides from Zetan and a pool of 12 engorged Cx pipiens complex from the same locality. Other pathogens which were not identified to species level were also isolated.