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Effect of thermal stress on antioxidant responses of the biocontrol agent Galerucella placida (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)

  • Swati Das (a1), Ujjwal Malik (a1) and Anandamay Barik (a1)

Abstract

Galerucella placida Baly feeds on the rice-field weed Polygonum orientale L. (Polygonaceae) in India and Bangladesh during autumn and winter seasons. The insect is widely available during the winter season when the temperature fluctuates between 9 and 24 °C. Hence, it is of considerable interest to study how the adults cope with the stress resulting due to temperature fluctuations. Consequently, we analysed the levels of H2O2, antioxidant enzymes [catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidases (POD), guaiacol peroxidase (GPX), pyrogallol peroxidases (PPX), ascorbate peroxidases (APOX) and glutathione-S-transferases (GST)] and malondialdehyde (MDA) at 9, 12, 15, 18, 21 and 24 °C in adult G. placida. H2O2 was highest at 24 °C followed by 9 °C and lowest at 18 and 21°C. CAT and SOD were highest at 9 °C followed by 24 °C, while POD was highest at 24 °C followed by 9 °C. CAT and POD were lowest at 18 and 21 °C, but SOD was the lowest at 21 °C. APOX were three-fold higher at 9 °C compared to 12 °C, which was the lowest at 18 and 21 °C, implying that APOX had strong detoxification function at 9 °C. GST was highest and lowest at 9 and 21 °C, respectively. MDA was highest at 9 °C and lowest at 18 and 21 °C, which did not differ significantly at 15 and 24 °C, suggesting that lower and higher temperature stress was accompanied by lipid peroxidation. This finding provides useful information for mass rearing of G. placida for predicting population dynamics and understanding the potential for G. placida as biocontrol agent under varying environmental conditions.

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Keywords

Effect of thermal stress on antioxidant responses of the biocontrol agent Galerucella placida (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)

  • Swati Das (a1), Ujjwal Malik (a1) and Anandamay Barik (a1)

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