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Breeding for resistance to Chilo partellus Swinhoe in sorghum

  • B. L. Agrawal (a1), S. L. Taneja (a1), L. R. House (a1) and K. Leuschner (a1)

Abstract

Host-plant resistance plays an important role in the insect-pest management either alone or in combination with other control methods. A number of sorghum genotypes showing varying levels of resistance to spotted stem borer, Chilo partellus Swinhoe have been identified using natural and artificial infestations. Major resistance mechanisms are antibiosis and tolerance, though some genotypes exhibit ovipositional non-preferences. There have been a number of factors involved in spotted stem borer resistance; a resistant genotype possesses either one or a combination of these traits. Progress has been made in developing borer resistant breeding lines with moderate yield and acceptable grain quality. Borer resistance is a quantitatively inherited trait governed by additive and non-additive genes. Epistatic gene effects are more pronounced under artificial borer infestation. Cytoplasmic effects appear to be present.

Criblage pour la résistance à Chilo partellus Swinhoe chez le sorgho. La résistance de la plante-hôte joue un rôle important dans la lutte contre les insectes ravageurs soit toute seule ou en combinaison avec d'autres moyens de lutte. Plusieurs génotypes de sorgho présentant des niveaux différents de résistance au foreur ponctué du sorgho, Chilo partellus Swinhoe ont été identifiés à partir des infestations naturelles ou artificielles. L'antibiose et la tolérance constituent les mécanismes importants de la résistance, alors que certains génotypes présentent la non-préférence de ponte. Nombre de facteurs contribuent à la résistance au foreur ponctué, le génotype résistant comportant soit un seul ou une combinaison de ces caractères. Des progrès ont été réalisés dans la mise au point de lignées de sélection résistantes au foreur, ayant des rendements modérés et une qualité acceptable du grain. La résistance au foreur est héritée comme caractère quantitatif qui est déterminé par les gènes additifs et non-additifs. Des effets de gènes épistatiques sont plus accentués sous l'infestation artificielle par la foreur. Des effets cytoplasmiques semblent être présents.

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Breeding for resistance to Chilo partellus Swinhoe in sorghum

  • B. L. Agrawal (a1), S. L. Taneja (a1), L. R. House (a1) and K. Leuschner (a1)

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