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Safe and sustainable management of legume pests and diseases in Thailand and Vietnam: a situational analysis

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  29 May 2014


Pepijn Schreinemachers
Affiliation:
AVRDC – The World Vegetable Center, PO Box 42, Shanhua, Tainan74199, Taiwan
Ramasamy Srinivasan
Affiliation:
AVRDC – The World Vegetable Center, PO Box 42, Shanhua, Tainan74199, Taiwan
Mei-Huey Wu
Affiliation:
AVRDC – The World Vegetable Center, PO Box 42, Shanhua, Tainan74199, Taiwan
Madhusudan Bhattarai
Affiliation:
International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru 502324, Andhra Pradesh, India
Ricardo Patricio
Affiliation:
Goducate (Go & Educate) International Ltd, One Commonwealth, Singapore149544, Singapore
Sopana Yule
Affiliation:
AVRDC – The World Vegetable Center, East and Southeast Asia, Research and Training Station, Kasetsart University, Kamphaeng Saen Campus, Kamphaeng Saen, Nakhon Pathom73140, Thailand
Vu Hong Quang
Affiliation:
Department of Science and International Cooperation, Vietnam Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Thanh Tri District, Ha Noi, Vietnam
Bui Thi Huy Hop
Affiliation:
Department of Science and International Cooperation, Vietnam Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Thanh Tri District, Ha Noi, Vietnam
Corresponding

Abstract

Vegetable legumes are important crops in tropical agriculture, but they are susceptible to a substantial number of arthropod pests and diseases. Using farm-level survey data for 240 farm households growing yard-long bean (Vigna unguiculata subsp. sesquipedalis) in Thailand and Vietnam, this study shows that the farmers' main problem is the legume pod borer (Maruca vitrata). Farmers rely exclusively on the use of synthetic pesticides to manage this pest, and no other control methods are generally applied. Small cultivated areas for growing yard-long bean (particularly in Vietnam), a high level of satisfaction with the use of pesticides and a lack of market demand for pesticide-free produce are formidable challenges to the introduction of integrated pest management (IPM). It is important to ensure that IPM methods, if adopted, do not reduce profits and that farmers are allowed to experiment with these methods while raising awareness in the general population about the risk resulting from pesticide exposure.


Type
Research Papers
Copyright
Copyright © ICIPE 2014 

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