Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-sjtt6 Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-06-19T08:49:30.331Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Further observations on the resting site preferences of the tsetse, Glossina palpalis gambiensis Vanderplank (Diptera: Glossinidae), in Mali

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 September 2011

S. N. Okiwelu*
Affiliation:
New Lands Activity, Mali Livestock II Project, O. M. BE. VI., B.P. 1382, Bamako, Mali
*
*Address for correspondence: School of Biological Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, P. M. B. 5323, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.
Get access

Abstract

A study of the resting site preferences of Glossina palpalis gambiensis in an area of a gallery forest in the Northern Guinea Savanna of Mali, infested exclusively by G. p. gambiensis was conducted in February, 1980 (hot dry season). Five site-types were compared: fallen logs, boles, undergrowth, tree canopies and branches. Distribution of resting flies was as follows: fallen logs (55.62%), boles (35.24%), undergrowth (8.4%), tree canopies (0.61%) and branches (0.00%). Most of the flies were collected during the periods 06.00–09.00 (37.47%) and 09.00–12.00 hr (46.5%). On boles, 86.06% of flies were found below 1.0 m and no flies were collected above 2.0 m. These results are compared to those obtained during simultaneous studies on the resting site preferences of G. p. gambiensis in an area along the same gallery forest, with mixed G. p. gambiensis and G. morsitans submorsitans infestation. Possible reasons for the differences observed are discussed.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © ICIPE 1983

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

REFERENCES

Andrewartha, H. G. and Birch, L. C. (1954) The Distribution and Abundance of Animals. University Chicago Press, Chicago.Google Scholar
Birch, L. C. (1953) Experimental background to the study of the distribution and abundance of insects. III. The relation between innate capacity for increase and survival of different species of beetles living together on the same food. Evolution 7, 136144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bois, J. F., Challier, A., Laveissiere, C. and Ouedraogo, V. (1977). Recherche des lieux derepos diurnes des glossines (Glossina palpalis gambiensis Vanderplank, 1949; Diptera, Glossinidae) par detection de specimens marques au 59 Fe. Cah. ORSTOM Ser. Ent. Med. Parasit. XV, 313.Google Scholar
Challier, A. (1973) Ecologie de Glossina palpalis gambiensis Vanderplank, 1949 (Diptera, Muscidae) en Savanne d'Afrique Occidentals. Memoires ORSTOM 64, Paris, France.Google Scholar
Crombie, A. C. (1945). On competition between different species of graminivorous insects. Proc. R. ent. Soc. Ser. B 132, 362395.Google Scholar
Dempster, J. P. (1975) Animal Population Ecology. Academic Press, London.Google Scholar
Emlen, J. M. (1977) Ecology—An Evolutionary Approach. Addison-Wesley, Reading, Massachussetts.Google Scholar
Eouzan, J. P. (1977) Distribution and bionomics. In Tsetse—The Future for Biological Methods in Integrated Control (Ed. by Laird, M.). IDRC, Ottawa.Google Scholar
MacDonald, W. A. (I960) Nocturnal detection of tsetse flies in Nigeria with ultraviolet light. Nature 185, 867.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Okiwelu, S. N. (1976) Resting sites of Glossina morsitans morsitans Westwood (Diptera: Glossinidae) during the dry season in the Republic of Zambia. Bull. ent. Res. 66, 413419.Google Scholar
Okiwelu, S. N. (1977) Observations of resting sites of Glossina morsitans morsitans (Diptera: Muscidae) during the wet season in the Republic of Zambia, Africa. J. Med. Ent. 13, 595599.Google Scholar
Okiwelu, S. N. (1981) Resting site preferences of the tsetse, Glossina palpalis gambiensis Vanderplank (Diptera: Glossinidae), in Mali. Insect Sci. Application 1, 289294.Google Scholar
Okiwelu, S. N., Van Wettere, P., Maiga, S., Bouare, S. and Crans, W. (1981) Contribution to Glossina (Diptera: Glossinidae) distribution in Mali. Bull. ent. Res. 71, 195205.Google Scholar
Park, T. (1948) Experimental studies of interspecific competition—I. Competition between populations of flour beetles Tribolium confusum Duval and T. castaneum Herbst. Ecol. Monogr. 18, 265308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Scholtz, E., Spielberger, U., and Ali, J. (1976) The night resting sites of the tsetse fly Glossina palpalis palpalis (Robineau-Desvoidy) (Diptera, Glossinidae) in northern Nigeria. Bull. ent. Res. 66, 443452.Google Scholar
Spielberger, U. and Barwinek, F. (1978) The night resting sites of Glossina tachinoides Westwood (Diptera: Glossinidae) in northern Nigeria. Bull. ent. Res. 68, 137144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar