Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Income and Consumption in Egypt, 1886/1887 to 1937

  • Bent Hansen (a1)

Extract

The attempt to estimate per capita income for Egypt from 1886/1887 to 1937, presented in this paper, is part of an effort to evaluate British colonial economic policyduring the period of the British occupation of Egypt. For such an evaluation national income estimates covering the whole period would be very helpful. National income estimates worth the name, however, go back only to 1935–1939, and for years earlier than the 1950s they are of very poor quality. Compared with so many other lessdeveloped countries, Egypt has relatively rich statistics extending backward to the decades before World War I; but they do not really suffice for building up a national income series from either the production or the expenditure side, and from the income side there is hardly any information. In this situation, which both development economists and economic historians know only too well, the problem is how to make maximal use of existing production and expenditure indicators in order to come out with some idea of what per capita income developments may have looked like. Apart from gauging per capita income in Egypt during half a century before World War II, the paper serves more generally to illustrate a methodology that may find application for other countries.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Anis, M. A. (1950). A Study of the National Income of Egypt, L'Egypte Contemporaine (Cairo), Nos.261262.
Annuaire Statistique. Cairo: Ministry of Finance. Various issues.
Ayrout, H. H. (1963) [1938]. The Egyptian Peasant. Beacon Press, Boston.
Baer, G. (1969). Studies in the Social History of Modern Egypt. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Crouchley, A. E. (1936). The Investment of Foreign Capital in Egyptian Companies and Public Debt. Cairo: Ministry of Finance, Technical Paper no. 2.
Hansen, B. (1968). The Distributive Shares in Egyptian Agriculture, 1897–1961, International Economic Review, 9, 2: 175194.
Hansen, B. (1976). Income and Consumption in Egypt. Berkeley: University of California, Institute ofInternational Studies, Working Paper No. I.
Hansen, B. and Lucas, E. (1978). Egyptian Foreign Trade, 1885–1961: A New Set of Trade Indices, Journal of European Economic History, 7 (forthcoming).
Hansen, B. and Wattleworth, M. (1978).Agricultural Output and Consumption, International Journal of Middle East Studies, 9, 4: 449469.
Issawi, C. (1961). Egypt since 1800: A Study in Lopsided Development, Journal of Economic History, 21, 1:125.
Mellor, J. W. (1966). The Economics of Agricultural Development. Cornell University Press, Ithaca and London.
Mostafa, M. D. and Mahmoud, M. W. (1964). Analytic Study of the Relationship between Consumption Expenditure onDifferent Groups of Commodities and Total Annual Consumption Expenditure for the Household Sector. Urban and Rural Regions. Cairo: I.N.P., MemoNo. 497.
Owen, E. R. J. (1969). Cotton and the Egyptian Economy, 1820–1914. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Shearer, W. V. (1910). The Weaving Industry in Asyout,L'Egypte Contemporaine, No. 1.
Wattleworth, M. (1975). Report on the Construction of Agricultural Indexes for Egypt. Berkeley: University of California, Institute of International Studies, 09 15. Unpublished.
Willcocks, W. (1899), Egyptian Irrigation. 2d ed. Spoon Ltd., London.

Income and Consumption in Egypt, 1886/1887 to 1937

  • Bent Hansen (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.