Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Counterrotation and Barred Galaxies

  • G. Galletta (a1)

Abstract

In this review we discuss the phenomenon of counterrotation, observed in ~40 apparently normal galaxies where gas or stars are rotating in a direction opposite to the main stellar body. It appears in all morphological types, from ellipticals to spirals or irregulars.

The problem of the origin and the evolution of counterrotation is discussed, in the wider frame of the galaxies accreting matter from their environment (e.g., minor-axis dust-lane ellipticals or polar-ring S0s). Various sources of matter appear to be candidates for the production of the counterrotation.

Due to the tendency of the bar potential to populate particular families of orbits, some cases of counterrotation found in barred galaxies are interpreted as intrinsic to barred galaxies.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Counterrotation and Barred Galaxies
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Counterrotation and Barred Galaxies
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Counterrotation and Barred Galaxies
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

References

Hide All
Afanasief, A.V., Burenkov, A.N., Zasov, A.V., & Sil’chenko, O.K. 1991, Astronomicheskii Zhurnal, 68, 1134
Barbon, R., Cappellaro, E., & Turatto, M. 1989, A&AS, 81, 421
Bender, R. 1988, A&A, 202, L5
Bertola, F. & Bettoni, D. 1988, ApJ, 329, 102
Bertela, F. & Galletta, G. 1978, ApJ, 226, L115
Bertola, F., Buson, L.M., & Zeilinger, W.W. 1988, Nature, 335, 705
Bertola, F., Buson, L.M., & Zeilinger, W.W. 1992, ApJ, 401, L79
Bettoni, D. 1984, The Messenger, 37, 17
Bettoni, D. 1989, AJ, 97, 79
Bettoni, D., Buson, L.M., Maira, L., & Bertola, F. 1995, Groups of Galaxies, Richter, O.-G. & Borne, K., San Francisco: ASP, in press
Bettoni, D., Ciri, R., Galletta, G., & Nuzzo, R. 1996, in preparation
Bettoni, D., Fasano, G, & Galletta, G. 1990, AJ, 99, 1789
Bettoni, D., Galletta, G., & Oosterloo, T. 1991, MNRAS, 248, 544
Bettoni, D., Galletta, G., & Sage, L.J. 1993, A&A, 280, 121
Binney, J. & May, A. 1988, MNRAS, 218, 743
Braun, R., Walterbos, R.A.M., & Kennicutt, R.C. 1992, Nature, 360, 442
Caldwell, N., Kirshner, R.P., & Richstone, D.O. 1986, ApJ, 305, 136
Christodoulou, D.M. & Tohline, J.E. 1991 in Warped Discs and Inclined Rings around Galaxies, Casertano, S., Sacket, P., & Briggs, F., Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 122
Ciri, R., Bettoni, D., & Galletta, G. 1995, Nature, 375, 661
Considère, S. & Davoust, E. 1991, A&A, 252, 56
Dettmar, R.J., Jullien-Dettmar, M., & Barteldrees, A. 1990, in The Interstellar Medium in External Galaxies, Hollenbach, D.J. & Thronson, H.A., NASA CP-3084, 246
Fisher, D., Illingworth, G., & Franx, M. 1994, AJ, 107, 160
Franx, M. & Illingworth, G. 1988, ApJ, 327, L55
Friedli, D. & Benz, W. 1993, A&A, 268, 65
Friedli, D., Benz, W., & Martinet, L. 1991, in Dynamics of Disc Galaxies, Sundelius, B., Göteborg: Göteborgs University press, 181
Galletta, G. 1987, ApJ, 318, 531
Galletta, G., Sage, L.J., Sparke, L.S., & Sackett, P.D. 1995, in preparation.
Hawarden, T.G., Elson, R.A.W., Longmore, A.J., Tritton, S.B., & Corwin, H.G. 1981, MNRAS, 196, 747
Hasan, H. & Norman, C. 1990, ApJ, 344, 204
Hernquist, L. & Barnes, J.E. 1991, Nature, 354, 210
Jarvis, B.J., Dubath, L., Martinet, R., & Bacon, R. 1988, A&AS, 74, 513
Jedrzejewski, R. & Schechter, P.L. 1988, ApJ, 330, L87
Kormendy, J. 1983, ApJ, 275, 529
Lake, G. & Norman, C. 1983, ApJ, 270, 51
Merrifield, M. & Kuijken, K. 1994, ApJ, 432, 575
Pfenniger, D. 1984, A&A, 134, 373
Plana, H. & Boulesteix, J. 1995, 3D optical Spectroscopy Methods in Astronomy, Comte, G. & Marcelin, M., San Francisco: ASP, 133
Quinn, T. 1991, in Warped Discs and Inclined Rings around Galaxies, Casertano, S., Sackett, P., & Briggs, F., Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 143
Rampazzo, R., Reduzzi, L., Sulentic, J.W., & Madejsky, R. 1995, A&AS, 110, 1
Reshetnikov, V.P. & Sil’chenko, O.K. 1990, Astrophysika, 33, 158
Richter, O.-G., Sackett, P.D., & Sparke, L.S. 1994, AJ, 107, 99
Rix, H.-W. & Katz, N. 1991, Warped Discs and Inclined Rings around Galaxies, Casertano, S., Sacket, P., & Briggs, F., Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 112
Rix, H.-W., Franx, M., Fisher, D., & Illingworth, G. 1992, ApJ, 400, L5
Rix, H.-W., Kennicutt, R.C., Braun, R., & Walterbos, R.A.M. 1995, ApJ, 438, 155
Rubin, V.C. 1994, AJ, 107, 173
Rubin, V.C., Hunter, D.A., & Ford, W.K. 1991, ApJS, 76, 153
Rubin, V.C., Graham, J.A., & Kenney, J.D.P. 1992, ApJ, 394, L9
Sage, L.J. & Galletta, G. 1993, ApJ, 419, 544
Sage, L.J. & Galletta, G. 1994, AJ, 108, 1633
Schweizer, F., Whitmore, B.C., & Rubin, V.C. 1983, AJ, 88, 909
Schweizer, F., van Gorkom, J.H., & Seitzer, P. 1989, ApJ, 338, 770
Sellwood, J.A. & Merritt, D. 1994, ApJ, 425, 530
Sparke, L.S. 1986, MNRAS, 219, 657
Sparke, L.S. & Sellwood, J.A. 1987, MNRAS, 225, 653
Steiman-Cameron, T.Y. & Durisen, R.H. 1982, ApJ, 263, L51
Tohline, J.E., Simonson, G.F., & Caldwell, N. 1982, ApJ, 252, 92
Toomre, A. 1977, in Evolution of Galaxies and Normal Stellar Populations, Tinsley, B.M. & Larson, R.B., New Haven: Yale Univ. Obs., 401
Tremaine, S. 1981, The Structure and Evolution of Normal Galaxies, Fall, S.M. & Lynden-Bell, D., Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 67
van Woerden, H., Bosma, A., & Mebold, U. 1974, La Dynamique des Galaxies Spirales, Weliachew, C.N.R.S. coll. 241, 483
van Driel, W. & Buta, R. 1993, PASJ, 45, L47
van Driel, W., Combes, F., Casoli, F., Gerin, M., Nakai, M., Miyaji, T., Hamabe, M. et al. 1995, AJ, 109, 942
Voglis, N., Hiotelis, N., & Höflich, P. 1991, A&A, 249, 5
Whitmore, B.C., McElroy, D.B., & Schweizer, F. 1987, ApJ, 314, 439
Whitmore, B.C., Lucas, R.A., McElroy, D.B., Steiman-Cameron, T.Y., Sackett, P.D., & Olling, R.B. 1990, AJ, 100, 1489
Wang, Z., Schweizer, F., & Scoville, N.Z. 1992, ApJ, 396, 510

Counterrotation and Barred Galaxies

  • G. Galletta (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed