Stevenson, DK, Wright, LL, Lemons, JA, et al.
Very-low-birth-weight outcomes of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network, January 1993 through December 1994. Am J Obstet Gynecol
1998;179(6 Pt 1):1632–1639.
Stoll, BJ, Gordon, T, Korones, SB, et al.
Late-onset sepsis in very-low-birth-weight neonates: a report from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network. J Pediatr
Stoll, BJ, Hansen, N, Fanaroff, AA, et al.
Late-onset sepsis in very-low-birth-weight neonates: the experience of the NICHD Neonatal Research Network. Pediatrics
2002;110(2 Pt 1):285–291.
Fanaroff, AA, Korones, SB, Wright, LL, et al.
Incidence, presenting features, risk factors and significance of late onset septicemia in very-low-birth-weight infants. The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network. Pediatr Infect Dis J
Brodie, SB, Sands, KE, Gray, JE, et al.
Occurrence of nosocomial bloodstream infections in six neonatal intensive care units. Pediatr Infect Dis J
Makhoul, IR, Sujov, P, Smolkin, T, et al.
Epidemiological, clinical, and microbiological characteristics of late-onset sepsis among very-low-birth-weight infants in Israel: a national survey. Pediatrics
Lopez Sastre, JB, Coto Cotallo, D, Fernandez Colomer, B. Neonatal sepsis of nosocomial origin: an epidemiological study from the “Grupo de Hospitales Castrillo.”
J Perinat Med
Gaynes, RP, Edwards, JR, Jarvis, WR, et al.
Nosocomial infections among neonates in high-risk nurseries in the United States. National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance System. Pediatrics
1996;98(3 Pt 1):357–361.
Avila-Figueroa, C, Goldmann, DA, Richardson, DK, et al.
Intravenous lipid emulsions are the major determinant of coagulase-negative staphylococcal bacteremia in very-low-birth-weight newborns. Pediatr Infect Dis J
Benjamin, DK Jr, Miller, W, Garges, H, et al.
Bacteremia, central catheters, and neonates: when to pull the line. Pediatrics
Gastmeier, P, Geffers, C, Schwab, F, et al.
Development of a surveillance system for nosocomial infections: the component for neonatal intensive care units in Germany. J Hosp Infect
Geffers, C, Baerwolff, S, Schwab, F, Gastmeier, P. Incidence of healthcare-associated infections in high-risk neonates: results from the German surveillance system for very-low-birth-weight infants. J Hosp Infect
Moro, ML, De Toni, A, Stolfì, I, et al.
Risk factors for nosocomial sepsis in newborn intensive and intermediate care units. Eur J Pediatr
Reiter, PD, Novak, K, Valuck, RJ, et al.
Effect of a closed drug-delivery system on the incidence of nosocomial and catheter-related bloodstream infections in infants. Epidemiol Infect
Chien, LY, Macnab, Y, Aziz, K, et al.
Variations in central venous catheter-related infection risks among Canadian neonatal intensive care units. Pediatr Infect Dis J
O'Grady, NP, Alexander, M, Dellinger, EP, et al.
Guidelines for the prevention of intravascular catheter-related infections. The Hospital Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S.
Cronin, WA, Germanson, TP, Donowitz, LG. Intravascular catheter colonization and related bloodstream infection in critically ill neonates. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol
Parellada, JA, Moise, AA, Hegemier, S, Gest, AL. Percutaneous central catheters and peripheral intravenous catheters have similar infection rates in very-low-birth-weight infants. J Perinatol
Ainsworth, SB, Clerihew, L, McGuire, W. Percutaneous central venous catheters versus peripheral cannulae for delivery of parenteral nutrition in neonates. Cochrane Database Syst Rev
van der Zwet, WC, Kaiser, AM, van Elburg, RM, et al.
Nosocomial infections in a Dutch neonatal intensive care unit: surveillance study with definitions for infection specifically adapted for neonates. J Hosp Infect
Makhoul, IR, Smolkin, T, Hanna-Elias, R, Kassis, I, Tamir, A, Sujov, P. Predictors and empiric antimicrobial therapy of late-onset sepsis in the neonatal intensive care unit [in Hebrew]. Harefuah
Ronnestad, A, Abrahamsen, TG, Medbo, S, et al.
Septicemia in the first week of life in a Norwegian national cohort of extremely premature infants. Pediatrics
Haque, KN, Khan, MA, Kerry, S, et al.
Pattern of culture-proven neonatal sepsis in a district general hospital in the United Kingdom. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol
Carrieri, MP, Stolfi, I, Moro, ML. Intercenter variability and time of onset: two crucial issues in the analysis of risk factors for nosocomial sepsis. Pediatr Infect Dis J
Pessoa-Silva, CL, Miyasaki, CH, de Almeida, MF, et al.
Neonatal late-onset bloodstream infection: attributable mortality, excess of length of stay and risk factors. Eur J Epidemiol
Beck-Sague, CM, Azimi, P, Fonseca, SN, et al.
Bloodstream infections in neonatal intensive care unit patients: results of a multicenter study. Pediatr Infect Dis J
Couto, RC, Pedrosa, TM, Tofani Cde, P, Pedroso, ER. Risk factors for nosocomial infection in a neonatal intensive care unit. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol
Mahieu, LM, De Muynck, AO, Ieven, MM, et al.
Risk factors for central vascular catheter-associated bloodstream infections among patients in a neonatal intensive care unit. J Hosp Infect
Herruzo Cabrera, R, Diez Sebastian, J, Baylin Larios, A, et al.
Septicemia associated with central venous catheterization in a children's hospital. A multivariate study [in Spanish]. Med Clin (Bare)
Maas, A, Flament, P, Pardou, A, et al.
Central venous catheter-related bacteraemia in critically ill neonates: risk factors and impact of a prevention programme. J Hosp Infect
Shetty, SS, Harrison, LH, Hajjeh, RA, et al.
Determining risk factors for candidemia among newborn infants from population-based surveillance: Baltimore, Maryland, 1998-2000. Pediatr Infect Dis J
Makhoul, IR, Sujov, P, Smolkin, T, et al.
Pathogen-specific early mortality in very-low-birth-weight infants with late-onset sepsis: a national survey. Clin Infect Dis
Phibbs, CS, Baker, LC, Caughey, AB, et al.
Level and volume of neonatal intensive care and mortality in very-low-birth-weight infants. N Engl J Med
Bartels, DB, Wypij, D, Wenzlaff, P, et al.
Hospital volume and neonatal mortality among very-low-birth-weight infants. Pediatrics
Ferguson, JK, Gill, A. Risk-stratified nosocomial infection surveillance in a neonatal intensive care unit: report on 24 months of surveillance. J Paediatr Child Health
Stover, BH, Shulman, ST, Bratcher, DF, et al.
Nosocomial infection rates in US children's hospitals' neonatal and pediatric intensive care units. Am J Infect Control
National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance (NNIS) System Report, data summary from January 1992 through June 2004, issued October 2004. Am J Infect Control