1.Menzies, D, Fanning, A, Yuan, L, Fitzgerald, M. Tuberculosis among health care workers. N Engl J Med 1995;332:92–98.
2.Sterling, TR, Haas, DW. Transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from health care workers. N Engl J Med 2006;355:118–121.
3.Mycobacterium tuberculosis transmission in a newborn nursery and maternity ward—New York City, 2003. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2005;54:1280–1283.
4.Jensen, PA, Lambert, LA, Iademarco, M, Ridzon, R. Guidelines for preventing the transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in health-care settings, 2005. MMWR CDC Surveill Summ 2005;54(RR17):1T141.
5.American Thoracic Society. Targeted tuberculin testing and treatment of latent tuberculosis infection. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2000;161(Suppl 4):S221–S247.
6.Baussano, I, Bugiani, M, Carosso, A, et al.Risk of tuberculin conversion among healthcare workers and the adoption of preventive measures. Occup Environ Med 2007;64:161–166.
7.Louther, J, Rivera, P, Feldman, J, Villa, N, DeHovitz, J, Sepkowitz, KA. Risk of tuberculin conversion according to occupation among health care workers at a New York City hospital. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1997;156:201–205.
8.Menzies, RI. Tuberculin skin testing. In: Reichman, LB, Hershfield, ES, eds. Tuberculosis: A Comprehensive International Approach. New York, NY: Marcel Dekker; 2000:279–322.
9.Menzies, D, Pai, M, Comstock, G. Meta-analysis: new tests for the diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection—areas of uncertainty and recommendations for research. Ann Intern Med 2007;146:340–354.
10.Lalvani, A. Diagnosing tuberculosis infection in the 21st century. Chest 2007;131:1898–1906.
11.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Guidelines for using the Quantiferon-TB Gold test for detecting Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection, United States (published correction appears in MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2005;54:1288). MMWR Recomm Rep 2005;54(RR-15):49–56.
12.National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. Clinical Guidelines 33. Tuberculosis: clinical diagnosis and management of tuberculosis, and measures for its prevention and control. NICE document. London, UK: NICE, 2006:CG33.
13.Pollock, NR, Campos-Neto, A, Kashino, S, et al.Discordant Quanti-FERON-TB Gold test results among US healthcare workers with increased risk of latent tuberculosis infection: a problem or solution? Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2008;29:878–886.
14.Nienhaus, A, Schablon, A, Le Bacie, C, Siano, B, Diel, R. Evaluation of the interferon-gamma release assay in healthcare workers. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2008;81:295–300.
15.Stebler, A, Iseli, P, Muhlemann, K, Bodmer, T. Whole blood interferon-gamma release assay for baseline tuberculosis screening of healthcare workers at a Swiss university hospital. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2008;29:681–683.
16.Harada, N, Nakajima, Y, Higuchi, K, Sekiya, Y, Rothel, J, Mori, T. Screening for tuberculosis infection using whole-blood interferon-γ and Mantoux testing among Japanese healthcare workers. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2006;27:442–448.
17.Soborg, B, Andersen, AB, Larsen, HK, et al.Detecting a low prevalence of latent tuberculosis among health care workers in Denmark detected by M. tuberculosis specific IFN-γ whole-blood test. Scand J Infect Dis 2007;39:554–559.
18.Pai, M, Gokhale, K, Joshi, R, et al.Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in health care workers in rural India: comparison of a whole-blood interferon gamma assay with tuberculin skin testing. JAMA 2005;293:2746–2755.
19.Pai, M, Joshi, R, Dogra, S, et al.Serial testing of health care workers for tuberculosis using interferon-gamma assay. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2006;174:349–355.
20.Pai, M, O'Brien, R. Serial testing for tuberculosis: can we make sense of T cell assay conversions and reversions? PLoS Med 2007;4:e208.
21. Ministry of Health, Singapore. Communicable diseases surveillance in Singapore 2007. Ministry of Health report. Singapore: Ministry of Health, 2008.
22.Chee, CBE, Soh, CH, Boudville, IC, Chor, SS, Wang, YT. Interpretation of the tuberculin skin test in Mycobacterium bovis BCG-vaccinated Singaporean schoolchildren. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2001;164:958–961.
23.Uplekar, M. Stopping tuberculosis: time to turn urgent attention to hospitals. Int J Pubere Lung Dis 2008;12:986.
24.Villarino, ME, Mazurek, G. Tuberculosis contacts, concerns, and controls: what matters for healthcare workers? Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2006;27:433–435.
25.Wang, L, Turner, MO, Elwood, RK, Schulzer, M, FitzGerald, JM. A metaanalysis of the effect of BCG vaccination on tuberculin skin test measurements. Thorax 2002;57:804–809.
26.Farhat, M, Greenaway, C, Pai, M, Menzies, D. False-positive tuberculin skin tests: what is the absolute effect of BCG and non-tuberculous mycobacteria? Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2006;10:1192–1204.