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Risk of Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Hepatitis C Virus Infection Related to Endocavitary Ultrasound Probe Exposure in France

  • Thomas Bénet (a1), Jacques Ritter (a2) and Philippe Vanhems (a1)


Corresponding author

Service d’Hygiène, Epidémiologie et Prévention, Hôpital Edouard Herriot, Hospices Civils de Lyon, 5 place d’Arsonval, 69437 Lyon, Cedex 03, France (


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2. Rutala, WA, Weber, DJ; Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee. Guideline for disinfection and sterilization in healthcare facilities, 2008. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2008. Accessed February 26, 2014.
3. Haut Conseil de la Santé Publique. Gaines de protection à usage unique pour dispositifs médicaux réutilisables: recommandations d’utilisation. Haut Conseil de la Santé Publique, 2007. Accessed February 26, 2014.
4. Kac, G, Podglajen, I, Si-Mohamed, A, Rodi, A, Grataloup, C, Meyer, G. Evaluation of ultraviolet C for disinfection of endocavitary ultrasound transducers persistently contaminated despite probe covers. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2010;31(2):165170.
5. Casalegno, J, Le Bail Carval, K, Eibach, D, et al. High risk HPV contamination of endocavity vaginal ultrasound probes: an underestimated route of nosocomial infection? PLoS One 2012;7(10):e48137.
6. Ferhi, K, Rouprêt, M, Mozer, P, Ploussard, G, Haertig, A, de La Taille, A. Hepatitis C transmission after prostate biopsy. Case Rep Urol 2013;2013:797248. doi:10.1155/2013/797248.
7. Trombert-Paviot, B, Rector, A, Baud, R, et al. The development of CCAM: the new French coding system of clinical procedures. HIM J 2003;31:111.
8. Ma, ST, Yeung, AC, Chan, PK, Graham, CA. Transvaginal ultrasound probe contamination by the human papillomavirus in the emergency department. Emerg Med J 2013;30(6):472475.
9. Amis, S, Ruddy, M, Kibbler, CC, Economides, DL, MacLean, AB. Assessment of condoms as probe covers for transvaginal sonography. J Clin Ultrasound 2000;28(6):295298.
10. Lessa, F, Tak, S, Devader, SR, et al. Risk of infections associated with improperly reprocessed transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy equipment. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2008;29(4):289293.


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