1.Karasseva, VWJ, Krasznay, E. Occurrence of atypical mycobacteria in Macacus rhesus. Acta Microbiologica Acadamiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 1965;12:275.
2.Lavy, A, Yoshpe-Purer, Y. Isolation of Mycobacterium simiae from clinical specimens in Israel. Tubercle 1982;63:279–285.
3.Meissner, G, Schroder, KH. Relationship between Mycobacterium simiae and Mycobacterium habana. Am Rev Respir Dis 1975;111:196–200.
4.Weiszfeiler, JG, Karasseva, V, Karczag, E. Mycobacterium simiae and related mycobacteria. Rev Infect Dis 1981;3:1040–1045.
5.Rose, HD, Dorff, GJ, Lauwasser, M, Sheth, NK. Pulmonary and disseminated Mycobacterium simiae infection in humans. Am Rev Respir Dis 1982;126:1110–1113.
6.Matthews, JH, Warren, NG. Mycobacterium simiae. Am Rev Respir Dis 1983;127:788–789. Letter.
7.Portaels, F. Epidemiology of mycobacterial diseases. Clin Dermatol 1995;13:207–222.
8.Schroder, KH, Kazda, J, Muller, K, Muller, HJ. Isolation of Mycobacterium simiae from the environment. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie 1992;277:561–564.
9.Vandercam, B, Gala, J, Vandeweghe, B, et al.Mycobacterium simiae disseminated infection in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Infection 1996;24:49–51.
10.Vandercam, B, Gala, JL, Gerain, J, et al.About two cases of Mycobacterium simiae infection in AIDS: review of the pathogenicity. Acta Clin Belg 1998;53:206–212.
11.Barzilai, A, Rubinovich, B, Blank-Porat, D, Rubinstein, E, Keller, N, Levi, I. Successful treatment of disseminated Mycobacterium simiae infection in AIDS patients. Scand J Infect Dis 1998;30:143–146.
12.Al-Abdely, HM, Revankar, SG, Graybill, JR. Disseminated Mycobacterium simiae infection in patients with AIDS. J Infect 2000;41:143–147.
13.Koeck, JL, Debord, T, Fabre, M, Vincent, V, Cavallo, JD, Le Vagueresse, R. Disseminated Mycobacterium simiae infection in a patient with AIDS: clinical features and treatment. Clin Infect Dis 1996;23:832–833.
14.Huminer, D, Dux, S, Samra, Z, et al.Mycobacterium simiae infection in Israeli patients with AIDS. Clin Infect Dis 1993;17:508–509.
15.Bell, RC, Higuchi, JH, Donovan, WN, Krasnow, I, Johanson, WG JrMycobacterium simiae: clinical features and follow-up of twenty-four patients. Am Rev Respir Dis 1983;127:35–38.
16.Valero, G, Peters, J, Jorgensen, JH, Graybill, JR. Clinical isolates of Mycobacterium simiae in San Antonio, Texas: an 11-yr review. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1995;152:1555–1557.
17.Rynkiewicz, DL, Cage, GD, Butler, WR, Ampel, NM. Clinical and microbiological assessment of Mycobacterium simiae isolates from a single laboratory in southern Arizona. Clin Infect Dis 1998;26:625–630.
18.El Sahly, HM, Septimus, E, Soini, H, et al.Mycobacterium simiae pseudo-outbreak resulting from a contaminated hospital water supply in Houston, Texas. Clin Infect Dis 2002;35:802–807.
19.Krasnow, I, Gross, W. Mycobacterium simiae infection in the United States: a case report and discussion of the organism. Am Rev Respir Dis 1975;111:357–360.
20.Hoffner, SE. Pulmonary infections caused by less frequently encountered slow-growing environmental mycobacteria. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 1994;13:937–941.
21.O'Brien, RJ, Geiter, LJ, Snider, DE JrThe epidemiology of nontuberculous mycobacterial diseases in the United States: results from a national survey. Am Rev Respir Dis 1987;135:1007–1014.
22.Wallace, RJ JrGlassroth, J, Griffith, DE, Olivier, KN, Gordin, F. Diagnosis and treatment of disease caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria: American Thoracic Society statement. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1997;156:S1–S25.
23.Pfyffer, GE, Brown-Elliot, BA, Wallace, RJ JrMycobacterium: general characteristics, isolation, and staining procedures. In: Murray, PR, James, EJB, Jorgensen, H, Pfaller, MA, Yolken, RH, eds. Manual of Clinical Microbiology, ed. 8, vol. 1. Washington, DC: ASM Press;2003:532–559.
24.Telenti, A, Marchesi, F, Balz, M, Bally, F, Bottger, EC, Bodmer, T. Rapid identification of mycobacteria to the species level by polymerase chain reaction and restriction enzyme analysis. J Clin Microbiol 1993;31:175–178.
25.Steingrube, VA, Gibson, JL, Brown, BA, et al.PCR amplification and restriction endonuclease analysis of a 65-kilodalton heat shock protein gene sequence for taxonomic separation of rapidly growing mycobacteria. J Clin Microbiol 1995;33:149–153.
26.Pai, S, Esen, N, Pan, X, Musser, JM. Routine rapid Mycobacterium species assignment based on species-specific allelic variation in the 65-kilodalton heat shock protein gene (hsp65). Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine 1997;121:859–864.
27.Tenover, FC, Arbeit, RD, Goering, RV, et al.Interpreting chromosomal DNA restriction patterns produced by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis: criteria for bacterial strain typing. J Clin Microbiol 1995;33:2233–2239.
28.Wolinsky, E. Nontuberculous mycobacteria and associated diseases. Am Rev Respir Dis 1979;119:107–159.
29.Carson, LA, Bland, LA, Cusick, LB, et al.Prevalence of nontuberculous mycobacteria in water supplies of hemodialysis centers. Appl Environ Microbiol 1988;54:3122–3125.
30.Anaissie, EJ, Penzak, SR, Dignani, MC. The hospital water supply as a source of nosocomial infections: a plea for action. Arch Intern Med 2002;162:1483–1492.
31.von Reyn, CF, Maslow, JN, Barber, TW, Falkinham, JO 3rdArbeit, RD. Persistent colonization of potable water as a source of Mycobacterium avium infection in AIDS. Lancet 1994;343:1137–1141.
32.Brook, KLR, Dauenhauer, SA, Fox, RK, Gross, WM, Maslow, HN, Carlin, EA. Pseudo-epidemic of Mycobacterium kansasii associated with the hospital's water system. Am J Infect Control 1998;26:2.
33.Squier, C, Yu, VL, Stout, JE. Waterborne nosocomial infections. Cur Infectious Disease Report 2000;2:490–496.
34.Tobin-D'Angelo, MJ, Blass, MA, del Rio, C, Halvosa, JS, Blumberg, HM, Horsburgh, CR JrHospital water as a source of Mycobacterium avium complex isolates in respiratory specimens. J Infect Dis 2004;189:98–104.
35.Zhang, Y, Brown-Elliott, BA, Graviss, EA, et al.Molecular analysis of Mycobacterium simiae isolates from the United States. Presented at the 104th General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology; May 23, 2004; New Orleans, LA. Abstract U-69.
36.Burns, DN, Wallace, RJ JrSchultz, ME, et al.Nosocomial outbreak of respiratory tract colonization with Mycobacterium fortuitum: demonstration of the usefulness of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis in an epidemiologic investigation. Am Rev Respir Dis 1991;144:1153–1159.
37.Iseman, MD. Mycobacterium avium complex and the normal host: the other side of the coin. N Engl J Med 1989;321:896–898.
38.Singh, N, Yu, VL. Potable water and Mycobacterium avium complex in HIV patients: is prevention possible? Lancet 1994;343:1110–1111.
39.Lee, TC, Stout, JE, Yu, VL. Factors predisposing to Legionella pneumophila colonization in residential water systems. Arch Environ Health 1988;43:59–62.
40.Vickers, RM, Yu, VL, Hanna, SS, et al.Determinants of Legionella pneumophila contamination of water distribution systems: 15-hospital prospective study. Infect Control 1987;8:357–363.
41.Liu, Z, Stout, JE, Tedesco, L, et al.Controlled evaluation of copper-silver ionization in eradicating Legionella pneumophila from a hospital water distribution system. J Infect Dis 1994;169:919–922.
42.Lin, Y-SE, Vidic, RD, Stout, JE, McCartney, CA, Yu, VL. Inactivation of Mycobacterium avium by copper and silver ions. Water Res 1998;32:1997–2000.