Maki, DG, Schuna, AA. A study of antimicrobial misuse in a university hospital. Am J Med Sci
Scheckler, WE, Bennett, JV. Antibiotic usage in seven community hospitals. JAMA
Castle, M, Wilfert, CM, Cate, TR, Osterhout, S. Antibiotic use at Duke University Medical Center. JAMA
Kunin, CM, Tupasi, T, Craig, WA. Use of antibiotics: a brief exposition of the problem and some tentative solutions. Ann Intern Med
Dellit, TH, Owens, RC, McGowan, JE, et al. Infectious Diseases Society of America and the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America guidelines for developing an institutional program to enhance antimicrobial stewardship. Clin Infect Dis
Chung, GW, Wu, JE, Yeo, CL, Chan, D, Hsu, LY. Antimicrobial stewardship: a review of prospective audit and feedback systems and an objective evaluation of outcomes. Virulence
Reed, EF, Stevenson, KB, West, JE, Bauer, KA, Goff, DA. Impact of formulary restriction with prior authorization by an antimicrobial stewardship program. Virulence
Seto, WH, Ching, TY, Kou, M, Chiang, SC, Lauder, IJ, Kumana, CR. Hospital antibiotic prescribing successfully modified by ‘immediate concurrent feedback.’ Br J Clin Pharmacol
White, AC Jr, Atmar, RL, Wilson, J, Cate, TR, Stager, CE, Greenberg, SB. Effects of requiring prior authorization for selected antimicrobials: expenditures, susceptibilities, and clinical outcomes. Clin Infect Dis
John, JF, Fishman, NO. Programmatic role of the infectious diseases physician in controlling antimicrobial costs in the hospital. Clin Infect Dis
Fraser, GL, Stogsdill, P, Dickens, JD Jr, Wennberg, DE, Smith, RP, Prato, S. Antibiotic optimization: an evaluation of patient safety and economic outcomes. Arch Intern Med
Gross, R, Morgan, AS, Kinky, DE, Weinder, M, Gibson, GA, Fishman, NO. Impact of a hospital-based antimicrobial management program on clinical and economic outcomes. Clin Infect Dis
Barlam, TF, Cosgrove, SE, Abbo, LM, et al. Implementing an antibiotic stewardship program: guidelines by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America. Clin Infect Dis
Mehta, JM, Haynes, K, Wileyto, EP, et al. Comparison of prior authorization and prospective audit with feedback for antimicrobial stewardship. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol
15. Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute. Performance standards for antimicrobial susceptibility testing; 18th informational supplement. CLSI document M100-18. Wayne, PA: Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute. 2008.
16. Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute. Performance standards for antimicrobial susceptibility testing; 19th informational supplement. CLSI document M100-S19. Wayne, PA: Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute. 2009.
Shen, Y. Applying the 3M All patient refined diagnosis related groups grouper to measure inpatient severity in the VA. Medical Care
20. All Patient Refined Diagnosis Related Groups (APR-DRGs). Version 30.0. Wallingford, CT: 3M Health Information Systems; 2012.
Aung, AK, Skinner, MJ, Lee, FJ, Cheng, AC. Changing epidemiology of bloodstream infection pathogens over time in adult non-specialty patients at an Australian tertiary hospital. Communicable Dis Intel Qtr Rep
Guidry, CA, Rosenberger, LH, Petroze, RT, et al. Temporal trends in blood stream infection isolates from surgical patients. Surg Infect
Dantes, R, Mu, Y, Belflower, R, et al. National burden of invasive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections, United States, 2011. JAMA Intern Med
Kumar, A, Roberts, D, Wood, KE, et al. Duration of hypotension before initiation of effective antimicrobial therapy is the critical determinant of survival in human septic shock. Crit Care Med
Kuti, EL, Patel, AA, Coleman, CI. Impact of inappropriate antibiotic therapy on mortality in patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia and blood stream infection: a meta-analysis. J Crit Care
May, L, Cosgrove, S, L’Archeveque, M, et al. Antimicrobial stewardship in the emergency department and guidelines for development. Ann Emerg Med