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Human Immunodeficiency Virus Knowledge and Attitudes Among Hospital-Based Healthcare Professionals in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China

  • Allen F. Anderson (a1), Zheng Qingsi (a2), Wu Guanglin (a3), Li Zhijun (a4) and Liu Wei (a5)...

Abstract

Background and Objective:

Since the discovery of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) on the Chinese mainland in 1985, the virus has spread to all provinces and autonomous regions. Although much research emphasis has been placed on studying behaviors and transmission knowledge among high-risk populations, especially drug abusers and commercial sex workers, little has been done to measure understanding within other risk groups. The objective of this study was to investigate HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) knowledge and attitudes among hospital-based healthcare professionals in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China.

Methods:

Data were gathered through a questionnaire completed by a convenience sample of individuals from three diverse hospitals.

Results:

Insufficient knowledge of the disease and its transmission resulted in more than 90% of the respondents expressing apprehension about contracting the virus and nearly 24% expressing reservations about caring for infected patients.

Conclusion:

Uncorrected, such attitudes and knowledge deficiencies have the potential to impact negatively on the quality of care, patient-practitioner safety, and proper postexposure prophylaxis.

Copyright

Corresponding author

School of Public and Environmental Affairs, KE330, Indiana University Kokomo, Kokomo, IN 36904

References

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1.United Nations Theme Group on HIV/AIDS in China. HIV/AIDS: China's Titanic Peril. New York: United Nations. Available at www.unaids.org/whatsnew/newadds/AIDSchina2001update.pdf. Accessed August 25, 2002.
2.Schauble, J. Giant rises slowly to take on AIDS. Sydney Morning Herald April 16, 2002:9.
3.The New York Times. Annan warns China of an AIDS epidemic. The New York Times October 15, 2002:sec. A, 10.
4.Gittings, J. Mr. Li's diary reveals human dimension of crisis in China. The Guardian (London) July 8, 2002:12.
5.Anderson, A, Xu, H. Guangxi on the precipice: drug abuser behavior and the nascent spread of HIV in one Chinese region. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology 1998;42:369375.
6.Fight against AIDS escalates. China Daily May 27, 2002:1.
7.Leiopoulou, C, Waterman, H, Chakrabarty, S. Nurses' failure to appreciate infection due to needle stick accidents: a hospital-based survey. J Hosp Infect 1999;42:5359.
8.The British Broadcasting Company. China Releases Plan for AIDS/Sexually Transmitted Disease Control. London: BBC World Monitoring. Available at www.lexis-nexis.com/universe. Accessed November 28, 2001.

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