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High Hand Contamination Rates During Norovirus Outbreaks in Long-Term Care Facilities

  • Geun Woo Park (a1), Keenan J. Williamson (a2), Emilio DeBess (a2), Paul R. Cieslak (a2), Nicole Gregoricus (a1), Elizabeth De Nardo (a3), Christopher Fricker (a3), Verónica Costantini (a1) and Jan Vinjé (a1)...


We examined norovirus contamination on hands of ill patients during 12 norovirus outbreaks in 12 long-term care facilities (LTCFs). The higher frequency and norovirus titers on hands of residents compared to hands of heathcare workers highlights the importance of adhering to appropriate hand hygiene practices during norovirus outbreaks in LTCFs.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2018;39:219–221


Corresponding author

Address correspondence to Geun Woo Park, PhD, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton RD NE, Atlanta, GA 30329-4027 (


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Supplementary materials

Park et al. supplementary material
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