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Effectiveness of Hand Hygiene for Removal of Clostridium difficile Spores from Hands

  • Sarah L. Edmonds (a1), Carrie Zapka (a1), Douglas Kasper (a2), Robert Gerber (a2), Robert McCormack (a3), David Macinga (a1), Stuart Johnson (a2), Susan Sambol (a2), Christopher Fricker (a1), James Arbogast (a1) and Dale N. Gerding (a2)...


This study determined whether surrogate organisms can predict activity against Clostridium difficile spores and compared the efficacy of hand hygiene preparations against C. difficile. Our data suggest that surrogate organisms were not predictive of C. difficile spore removal. Four preparations were significantly more effective than tap water at removing C. difficile.


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